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Child-sensitive social protection: policy and practice in South Asia - Keetie Roelen

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Child-sensitive social protection: policy and practice in South Asia seminar 05.04.2016

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Child-sensitive social protection: policy and practice in South Asia - Keetie Roelen

  1. 1.   Promoting Social and Economic Justice Child-Sensitive Social Protection: policy and practice in South Asia @IDS_UK #CSSP
  2. 2. Keetie Roelen and Helen Karki Chettri IDS and Save the Children seminar 5 April 2016   Promoting Social and Economic Justice Improving social protection’s response to child poverty and vulnerability in Nepal
  3. 3.   Outline How can social protection better respond to child poverty in Nepal? 1. Impact of social protection on child poverty and vulnerability 2. Challenges 3. Recommendations
  4. 4.   Social protection in Nepal “In Nepali context, social protection is defined as a set of policies and actions aiming at reducing poverty and multi-dimensional deprivations to ensure a basic minimum livelihood for all citizens.” National Social Protection Framework (draft) definition of social protectiondefinition of social protection
  5. 5.   Social protection in Nepal: life-cycle approach National Social Protection Framework (draft)
  6. 6.   Child-sensitive social protection Child-Sensitive Social Protection (CSSP) refers to social protection programmes or a system of programmes that aim (i) to maximise positive impacts on children, when and where appropriate and (ii) to minimise potential unintended side effects or perverse incentives. This encompasses both direct interventions (i.e. child-focused or targeted) and indirect interventions.
  7. 7.   Child-sensitive social protection in Nepal
  8. 8.   Child-sensitive social protection in Nepal child poverty and vulnerability poverty nutrition education health child labour child care + positive impact + fairly positive impact +/- maintenance of status quo - negative impact ? no information available
  9. 9.   Infants – Child Grant • low amount (R200 per month per child) “In Dolpa (Karnali), one egg costs R50, what can R200 do?” [District coordinator, KIRDARC] • irregular payments • administrative delay • low quality of services • birth registration modest impactmodest impact poverty + nutrition + education ? health + child labour ? child care ?
  10. 10.   Infants – Child Grant >> sensitisation can extend impact beyond cash in a sustainable way >> information about eligibility criteria and registration processes improves inclusion Child Grant plus sensitisation in SindhupalchowkChild Grant plus sensitisation in Sindhupalchowk
  11. 11.   School-age children - scholarships • low amount (R350 per annum per child) • does not address other barriers to education • may reinforce stigmatisation • inclusion errors “the schools divide it to all children because there is a lot of debate and political pressure” [Director, CCWB] • untimely delivery very limited impactvery limited impact poverty ? nutrition ? education +/- health ? child labour +/- child care ?
  12. 12.   Working age – Public Works • low number of working days for short period of time • low wage rate • inclusion and exclusion errors • mismanagement of funds at VDC level  new implementation and payment models are tested  introduction of childcare centres limited impactlimited impact poverty + nutrition + education + health ? child labour ? child care +/-
  13. 13.   Working age – Public Works >> child care centre can support care for children but centre needs to provide quality care, and caretaker needs to be paid equal wage >> more work days across longer time period can prevent family separation Karnali Employment Programme (KEP) in Kalikot districtKarnali Employment Programme (KEP) in Kalikot district
  14. 14.   Elderly – Old Age /Single Women’s Allowance • R1000 (OAA)/ R500 (SWA) per month • average 9% spending on grandchildren (OAA) • potential broader impacts due to universal coverage of elderly “If a mother who loses her husband and gets money, she can spend it on her children’s education, books and clothes so it is child-sensitive.” [Undersecretary, MoFALD] modest impactmodest impact poverty + nutrition + education + health + child labour ? child care +
  15. 15.   Challenges  Proliferation, fragmentation, lack of coordination “We have a system but it is a system-less system.” [Director, CCWB]  Lack of capacity  Budget constraints and limited coverage  Inclusion and exclusion errors  Irregular cash flows leading to delayed and irregular payments  Inflexible registration and delay in data processing institutional and administrativeinstitutional and administrative
  16. 16.   Challenges  Low transfer amounts (child grant, scholarship, KEP)  Limited awareness of programmes  No sensitisation activities on use of transfers “Most parents are uneducated and don’t realise the real situation of homes for their children.” [Director KIRDARC, Kalikot]  Lack of grievance and complaints procedures  No linkages to social work or child protection services design and implementationdesign and implementation
  17. 17.   Recommendations  Strengthen the functioning and implementation of existing social protection programmes  Expand coverage: twin-track approach  Increase transfer amounts  Make programme registration more responsive and flexible  Strengthen sensitisation and awareness raising regarding use of funds and child wellbeing
  18. 18.   Recommendations  Improve link to child protection  Establish grievance mechanisms  Raise awareness and voice  Create clarity about the purpose of social protection, and about child-sensitive social protection
  19. 19.   Thank you! QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS? @IDS_UK #CSSP

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