Integrating approaches: sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

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Presentation by Hilary Warburton from Practical Action, at the Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches seminar on 26th January 2011, at the Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK.

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Integrating approaches: sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

  1. 1. Integrating approaches: sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction & climate change adaptation Hilary Warburton Head, Reducing Vulnerability Programme Practical Action ESRC Seminar, 26 th January 2011
  2. 2. Sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction & climate change adaptation <ul><li>Why integrate? </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Experience on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Policy and practice: scaling up </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Reflections and future challenges </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why integrate?
  4. 4. Questions <ul><li>What can experience with Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches teach us about strengthening resilience to disasters and climate change impact? </li></ul><ul><li>Policies, institutions and processes at the community, district and national level: what are the critical requirements for supporting disaster and climate resilient livelihoods? </li></ul><ul><li>Frameworks for integration: challenges and opportunities for bringing together Disaster Risk reduction, Climate Change Adpatation and Sustainable Development? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Integrated approaches in practice <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Drought, flash floods </li></ul><ul><li>SLA approach, diversifying livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>-> achieved vulnerability reduction & adaptation outcomes </li></ul>Changing climates, changing lives The Western Orissa Rural Livelihood Project WORLP
  6. 6. Integrated approaches in practice <ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding & landslides </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening livelihoods & income + disaster prevention </li></ul><ul><li>-> reduce disaster risk </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling up through local government </li></ul>Changing climates, changing lives Livelihood Approach to DRR Practical Action
  7. 7. Integrated approaches in practice <ul><li>Ethiopia & Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Erratic rainfall </li></ul><ul><li>Research on adaptation strategies using livelihoods approach </li></ul><ul><li>Trade off between short & long term coping strategies </li></ul>Changing climates, changing lives Changing climate, changing lives Action against Hunger, Tearfund, IDS
  8. 8. Common themes <ul><li>Different starting points & objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Livelihoods, disasters, adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Livelihoods thinking vital for understanding & achieving DRR & CCA </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihood diversification central </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing options as well as income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerable people do not differentiate between SLA, DRR & CCA </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Policy & practice: bottom up & top down <ul><li>Views from the Frontline 2009: “Clouds but little rain..” Bottom-up perspective of progress towards Hyogo Framework for Action </li></ul><ul><li>7000 views </li></ul><ul><li>400 organisations </li></ul><ul><li>48 low, low-middle income countries </li></ul>LOCAL PRACTICE NATIONAL POLICY Mind the gap! Globalnetwork DR
  10. 10. Policy & practice: Challenges <ul><li>Progress at international & national policy levels but </li></ul><ul><li>lack of change in practice at local levels </li></ul><ul><li>The more vulnerable, the less progress </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of understanding of risks people face </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of resources or resources untapped? </li></ul><ul><li>Need for more engagement & accountability to vulnerable people </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot measure policy effectiveness without local monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Closing the gap – eg. building district government capacity to support integrated planning in communities </li></ul>
  11. 11. Integrated frameworks: Adaptive Social Protection Institute of Development Studies SP can increase resilience to disasters or rebuild assets after a disaster. SP can support adaptive capacity through building assets, supporting livelihoods, or increasing the rights of the vulnerable . Social protection Climate change adaptation Disaster risk reduction ‘ Adaptive social protection’
  12. 12. Integrated frameworks: Integrating climate change into secure livelihoods Christian Aid Including CC analysis Protecting livelihoods Transforming livelihoods Taking account of sustainability and climate risk CA Secure Livelihoods work Increasing vulnerability to climate change
  13. 13. <ul><li>Livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening community organization and voice </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting access to and sustainable management of productive resources </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting access to skills and technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Improving access to markets and employment </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring secure living conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards and Stresses </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Preparedness </li></ul><ul><li>Building capacity to analyse hazards and stresses (incl climate change impacts) </li></ul><ul><li>Improving hazard prevention and protection </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing early warning and awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing contingency and emergency planning </li></ul><ul><li>Future Uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Long Term Trends incl. Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Improving understanding of trends and their local impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring access to relevant and timely information </li></ul><ul><li>Building confidence and flexibility to learn and experiment in order to adapt to uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating local impacts of global trends </li></ul><ul><li>Governance Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralised & participatory decision making and resourcing </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening links between local, district and national levels </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting integrated approaches to livelihoods, disasters and climate change. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilising resources </li></ul>Resilience Ability to Adapt to change Ability to cope and recover from shocks Ability to secure sufficient food Ability to move out of poverty From Vulnerability To Resilience (V2R) Practical Action
  14. 14. Integrated frameworks: tools or process? <ul><li>Characteristics of a Disaster-Resilient Community </li></ul><ul><li>Resource, not model </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate learning </li></ul><ul><li>Requires adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Solution-focused </li></ul>UCL
  15. 15. Integrated frameworks: issues <ul><li>Differences in starting points & objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Differences in approaches to CCA & adaptive capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Tools – not an end in themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Help organise thinking & stimulate learning </li></ul>
  16. 16. Messages <ul><li>Integration of SLA, DRR & CCA makes sense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Livelihoods, risks, climate & other changes = reality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy & Practice – a large gap </li></ul><ul><li>Models exist but where is the will & capacity to move forward? </li></ul><ul><li>Frameworks – a means to help thinking & improve action </li></ul><ul><li>Try using them & see if they help people on the ground </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reflections <ul><li>SLA Vulnerability context </li></ul><ul><li>unpicked </li></ul><ul><li>dynamic part of system </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>measuring / characteristics of adaptive capacity </li></ul><ul><li>same approach if global temp. increases > 4˚C ? </li></ul><ul><li>Tackling underlying causes of vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>reluctance by policy makers? </li></ul><ul><li>preference for technical fix? </li></ul>
  18. 18. What next…? <ul><li>One year on: update </li></ul><ul><li>Tools – use & capacity-building </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy needed </li></ul><ul><li>New trends emerging </li></ul>

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