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Web semantique

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Support de cours sur le web sémantique, M2 Multimédia, Grenoble-Universitésn Julien PIERRE

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Web semantique

  1. 1. Le web sémantique<br />Master 2 Multimédia<br />Grenoble-Universités<br />Julien PIERRE 2011 version 1.0<br />multiformat.fr<br />
  2. 2. sujet<br />objet<br />prédicat<br />Triplet de l’assertion<br />
  3. 3. Socrate<br />une personne<br />est<br />Mais l’assertion inverse est fausse<br />L’objet « Personne » ne contient pas que Socrate<br />Graphe orienté<br />
  4. 4. Socrate<br />une personne<br />est<br />Ontologie<br />propriété<br />classe<br />instance<br />logique<br />
  5. 5. Correspondance avec le modèle relationnel<br />propriété  domaine<br />classe  relation<br />Socrate<br />une personne<br />est<br />Logique  dépendance fonctionnelle<br />instance tuple<br />
  6. 6. Ontologie<br />agent : http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Agent <br />personne : http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Person <br />document : http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Document <br />groupe : http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/Group<br />FOAF<br />propriété<br />classe<br />Socrate<br />une personne<br />est<br />logique<br />instance<br />
  7. 7. Ontologie<br />FOAF<br />nom : http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name<br />prénom: http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/firstName<br />la page Web relative à un agent : http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/page<br />la qualité de membre d'un groupe : http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/member<br />une relation de connaissance entre deux personnes : http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/knows<br />propriété<br />classe<br />Socrate<br />une personne<br />est<br />logique<br />instance<br />
  8. 8. RDF<br />Tim<br />une personne<br />est<br />
  9. 9. Sérialisation de RDF/XML<br /><ul><li>Standard W3C
  10. 10. Syntaxe XML (RDF n’est pas un schéma XML) = confusion !</li></li></ul><li>ligne 8<br />prédicat  personne<br />ligne 7<br />Sujet : Tim<br />une personne<br />est<br />Ligne 9 : prédicat  nom = ‘Timothy Berners-Lee’<br />Ligne 10 : prédicat  surnom = ‘timbl’<br />
  11. 11. Notation-3 (N3)<br /><ul><li>Initiative de Tim Berners-Lee
  12. 12. Utilisé dans SPARQL
  13. 13. Préfixe des espaces de noms
  14. 14. Triplets</li></li></ul><li>RDFa<br /><ul><li>DTD en XHTML+RDFa
  15. 15. Document HTML
  16. 16. Sujet : about=…
  17. 17. Prédicat : property=‘foaf:
  18. 18. Objet : élément de la balise</li></li></ul><li>unepersonne<br />est<br />Tim<br />est<br />connait<br />Jane<br />est<br />appartient à<br />un membre<br />un groupe<br />appartient à<br />Graphe social<br />

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