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Localization is one of the most challenging and
important issues in wireless sensor networks (WSNs),
especially if cost effective approaches are demanded. Distance
measurement based on RSSI (Received Signal Strength
Indication) is a low cost and low complexity of the distance
measurement technique, and it is widely applied in the range
based localization of the WSN. The RSS (Received Signal
Strength) used to estimate the distance between an unknown
node and a number of reference nodes with known coordinates.
Location of the target node is then determined by trilateration.
Lognormal shadowing model, can better describe the
relationship between the RSSI value and distance. Nonline
of sight and multipath transmission effects as the indoor
environment, the distance error or ranging error is large. In
this paper, experimental results that are carried out to analyze
the sensitivity of RSSI measurements in an indoor
environment for various power levels are presented. Location
error influenced by distance measure error and network
connectivity is analyzed.
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