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Wireless Sensor networks are dense networks, which consist of small low cost
sensors having severely constrained computational and energy resources, which operate in
an adhoc environment. Sensor network combines the aspects of distributed sensing,
computing and communication. Despite the numerous applications of sensor networks in
various fields there are various issues which need to be explored and resolved such as
resource constraints, routing, coverage, security, information collection and gathering etc.
In this paper we aim to provide the detailed overview of the wireless sensor technologies and
issues related to them, such as advancement of sensor technology, architecture, applications,
issues and the work done in the field of routing, coverage and security.