Designing Your Argument

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Designing Your Argument

  1. 1. Arguments should have certain elements By Isabel DeFeo at Frederick Community College Copyright ©2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>In an argument essay, you make a claim and then go about proving it through </li></ul><ul><li>Logic </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>When trying to persuade someone, an author should </li></ul><ul><li>Show the audience how he arrived at his opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Offer a clear explanation for each point he makes </li></ul><ul><li>Show that he is knowledgeable and can be trusted </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Arguments follow an organizational pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting Points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Likely objections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refutation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Introduces topic </li></ul><ul><li>Hooks reader </li></ul><ul><li>Be bold with your title </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use an image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a phrase from your paper or a quote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask a question </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>At the same time you are hooking your reader, your introduction should also </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce your topic and your stance </li></ul><ul><li>Offer the road map for your paper </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Remember? </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a question </li></ul><ul><li>Use a few well-chosen words </li></ul><ul><li>Present a bold, challenging statement (shocker) </li></ul><ul><li>Use a teaser lead </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate a quote </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>It is the most important sentence of the entire paper. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Offers main idea </li></ul><ul><li>Offers direction (skeleton) </li></ul><ul><li>Makes a claim that must be proven </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Depends on the topic, but it should </li></ul><ul><li>Build on claim in introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Follow pattern set forth in thesis and introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Make audience familiar with topic and the issues at hand </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>General to specific (or vice versa) </li></ul><ul><li>Most important to least important or vice versa) </li></ul><ul><li>Weakest claim to strongest claim (or vice versa) </li></ul><ul><li>Side by side comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Block comparison </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Builds your credibility </li></ul><ul><li>Builds a more convincing argument </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>In various places within the essay </li></ul><ul><li>With each main point you make </li></ul><ul><li>After you have finished with your main points </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Think about your audience </li></ul><ul><li>Admit when an objection might be valid </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid rude or derogatory language </li></ul><ul><li>Remain respectful and tactful </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>To back up your claims </li></ul><ul><li>To show knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>What should I look for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find facts and statistics that support each point you make (logos) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find real life examples that illustrate your point (pathos) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Supports your points </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves a final thought </li></ul><ul><li>Tells the reader what you want </li></ul><ul><ul><li>calls to action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>changes opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>warms </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>http://www.essaywritinghelp.com/argumentative.htm </li></ul>

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