CO   2


                        2

Plastics Contribution to Climate Protection

   Michel Loubry
   28 April 2010
Climate change is a global challenge




                                       CO
    Global climate protection is the an...
The industry is meeting the challenge


              “Plastics Contribution to Climate Protection”
                      ...
Information on the impact of plastics on energy
consumption and CO2 emissions


         Production                       ...
Energy consumption of plastic
products and their potential substitutes




                                               ...
Effect of Substitution of Plastics on
           Mass, Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions



                           ...
Example: Benefits of insulation


• As a result of all the plastics building insulation installed in one year
  (2004):
• ...
Example: lightweighting in transport


• Innovative products make it possible to cut CO2 emissions and
  energy consumptio...
Example: Transport Aircraft




• The Airbus 380 has
22% carbon fibre
plastic composites
giving a 15% fuel
saving

    • T...
Example: Plastics packaging
When more is less

On average only 1 to 3% of the weight of a packaged product in
plastics com...
The intelligent choice for innovative retailing


Improving quality – Increasing shelf life




• Vacuum packs;
modified a...
Enablers of renewable energy production

• Wind turbine (2.5 MW)
     • Production demand: manufacture of plastic
       r...
Relevance of plastic products
in total consumer „carbon footprint“



 The average consumer                               ...
Plastics: Greenhouse gas balance over the
product life cycle




                                                CO2
     ...
Carbon balance for total market of plastic
products – 2007, outlook 2020

                                                ...
Main conclusions 1

•   Plastics products enable significant savings of energy and the
    reduction of greenhouse gas (GH...
Main conclusions 2

•   A “carbon balance” of the total plastics market in Europe (EU27+2;
    2007) shows that the estima...
Is plastic using up our oil and gas?



                   • Plastics production accounts for just 4% of oil
             ...
A tiny amount used saves a lot!




                                  CO
                                   2
            ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Plastics contribution to_climate_protection

1,072 views

Published on

Un recente studio realizzato da Denkstatt e finanziato da PlasticsEurope , associazione che riunisce i produttori di plastica in Europa ha analizzato per la prima volta l’impatto ambientale di 173 prodotti in plastica per tutto il loro ciclo di vita. I primi risultati svelano che l’utilizzo della plastica salva 2,300 milioni di GJ di energia all’anno equivalenti a 50 milioni di tonnellate di greggio, in grado di alimentare 46 milioni di autovetture, e riduce di ben 120 milioni di tonnellate l'emissione di gas serra.

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,072
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
23
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Plastics contribution to_climate_protection

  1. 1. CO 2 2 Plastics Contribution to Climate Protection Michel Loubry 28 April 2010
  2. 2. Climate change is a global challenge CO Global climate protection is the answer 2 CO 2
  3. 3. The industry is meeting the challenge “Plastics Contribution to Climate Protection” Denkstatt A.G., Vienna, 2010 commissioned by PlasticsEurope • Part 1: Rough quantification of effects on energy and GHGs, if plastics were theoretically substituted with other materials (an update of the comprehensive 2005-GUA/denkstatt-study "The contribution of plastic products to resource efficiency“) • Part 2: Additional evidence of the beneficial aspects of plastics for energy efficiency & climate protection • Critical Reviews by: • Adisa Azapagic (University of Manchester, UK) CO • Roland Hischier (EMPA Sankt Gallen, CH) CO 2 2
  4. 4. Information on the impact of plastics on energy consumption and CO2 emissions Production Use End of life Raw Products Packaging Housing Transportation Recycle / Energy materials conversion Energy CO2 Energy CO2 Energy CO2 • Improved production efficiency • Improved product design with plastics • Production emissions reduction plastics CO • Lighter, more efficient products with • Preserved food by plastic packaging • Reduced land-fill 2 CO • Energy reclamation 2 • Recycling operations 4
  5. 5. Energy consumption of plastic products and their potential substitutes  Comparison of plastic products with alternative materials  split into life-cycle phases + : Energy consumption CO CO - : Energy credits (prevented food losses / saved primary production / saved production of electricity & heat) 2 2
  6. 6. Effect of Substitution of Plastics on Mass, Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions Total mass Energy consumption GHG emissions for same funct. units in total life-cycle in total life-cycle 7.230 Mill 46,4 Mill. t incl. not substitutable plastic products 144 Mill t/a GJ/a 360 Mill t/a +46% +50% 4.940 Mill GJ/a 2,300 million GJ/yr 240 Mill t/a Alternative materials = 50 million tonnes of crude oil x 3,7 Alternative materials Alternative materials = 120 million tonnes CO2 All plasticproducts All plasticproducts = Total CO2 emissions of Belgium (incl. not subst. plastics) (incl. not subst. plastics) = 38% of EU15 Kyoto target 39 Mill t/a Subst. Plastics CO 2 CO 2
  7. 7. Example: Benefits of insulation • As a result of all the plastics building insulation installed in one year (2004): • Lifetime energy savings of 9,500 million GJ • GHG savings of 290 million tonnes CO2 • Relevance of production: <1% • Relevance of recovery: <0,1% CO 2 CO 2 7
  8. 8. Example: lightweighting in transport • Innovative products make it possible to cut CO2 emissions and energy consumption: • On average only 12-15% of modern cars are now made from plastics • The resulting weight savings reduce fuel consumption by 750 liters for the 150, 000 km life of the average car • Oil consumption for European car owners is reduced by 12 Mtonnes a year and CO2 emissions are reduced by 30 Mtonnes. CO 2 CO 2
  9. 9. Example: Transport Aircraft • The Airbus 380 has 22% carbon fibre plastic composites giving a 15% fuel saving • The% will grow up to 50% for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner CO 2 CO 2
  10. 10. Example: Plastics packaging When more is less On average only 1 to 3% of the weight of a packaged product in plastics comes from the packaging: • A plastic film of 2g packages 200g of cheese • A plastic Bottle of 35g packages 1.5 liter of drinks Inclusive the logistic packaging, it grows up to 3.56% on average JARS 36% IS PACKAGING PLASTIC POUCHES 3.56% CO IS PACKAGING CO 2 2 Without plastics, retailers’ fleets would make 50% more journeys
  11. 11. The intelligent choice for innovative retailing Improving quality – Increasing shelf life • Vacuum packs; modified atmosphere packaging; breathable packs; confectionery flow packed bars CO 2 CO 2
  12. 12. Enablers of renewable energy production • Wind turbine (2.5 MW) • Production demand: manufacture of plastic rotor blade • Use benefit due to “renewable electricity”: 33% of GHG savings allocated to rotor • Use benefit 140 x higher than production needs • Photovoltaic unit (1 kWp)  Production demand: production of plastic film  Use benefit due to “renewable electricity”: 25% of GHG savings allocated to plastic film  Use benefit 340 x higher than production needs CO 2 CO 2
  13. 13. Relevance of plastic products in total consumer „carbon footprint“ The average consumer Communication Other 1% carbon footprint for the government 3% Space heating EU27+2 is approx. 14 14% Education 4% tonnes CO2-equivalents per capita. Recreation & Aviation 6% leisure 18% Commuting 7% 170 kg per capita result from Hygiene & plastics consumption. Food & catering health 12% 13% This equals 1,3% of the total consumer carbon footprint. Clothing & Household 13% Plastic CO footwear 9% products: 1,3 % CO 2 2
  14. 14. Plastics: Greenhouse gas balance over the product life cycle CO2 CO2 End of life Production + Applications Recycling + Energy energy generation Use phase recovery CO2 COCO2 2 CO 2
  15. 15. Carbon balance for total market of plastic products – 2007, outlook 2020 Av. changes 2007 2020 "Carbon balance" until 2020 of EU27+2 plastics market Mt CO2-equ. Mt CO2-equ. Mt CO2-equ. SAVE UP TO 15 Production 160 180 TONNES OVER LIFETIME production increase (2% p.a.) 47 increased material SAVE UP TO 9 TONNES efficiency -21 OVER LIFETIME 20% PE from renewable resources? 1 TONNE -6 1 TONNE IN PRODUCTION IN Effects of PRODUCTION recycling/recovery/disposal -1 -6 to +18 -5 to +19 Exemplary use effects: substitution of less efficient materials -43 to -81 -56 to -104 -18 fuel savings -17 -34 2020 -17 2007 insulation -540 to -1.100 -1.200 to -1.800 -700 prevented food losses -100 to -200 -150 to -300 -75 wind power rotors & solar panels -60 -250 to -500 -310 Total carbon balance Ratio (Use+Recovery) vs. Production -600 to -1.300 -5 to -9 CO -1.500 to -2.500 -9 to -15 2 CO 2
  16. 16. Main conclusions 1 • Plastics products enable significant savings of energy and the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The production & use phases are the most important. • In existing applications plastics are very energy efficient materials enabling resource efficient solutions • Substitution of plastic products by other materials would in most cases increase energy consumption & GHG emissions. • Plastics often facilitate reduced material consumption. • Plastics used for thermal insulation, for food packaging and in the production of renewable energies result in very significant benefits during the “use” phase CO 2 CO 2
  17. 17. Main conclusions 2 • A “carbon balance” of the total plastics market in Europe (EU27+2; 2007) shows that the estimated use phase benefits were roughly 5 – 9x higher than the emissions from production & recovery of all plastics SAVE UP TO 9 TONNES OVER LIFETIME 1 TONNE IN PRODUCTION 2007 SAVE UP TO 15 TONNES OVER LIFETIME • The increasing use-benefits and associated emission reductions from plastic applications up to 2020 are much greater than the additional 1 TONNE emissions arising from the growth of plastics IN PRODUCTION production. By 2020 the estimated use-benefits could be 9-15x higher than the combined emissions from production and waste management. CO 2 2020 CO 2
  18. 18. Is plastic using up our oil and gas? • Plastics production accounts for just 4% of oil and gas use • Other non-energy use consumes a further 4% • The chemical and petrochemical industries consume around 5% • Heating, electricity and energy production consumes a further 42% • Transport consumes 45% of our oil & gas CO 2 CO 2 18
  19. 19. A tiny amount used saves a lot! CO 2 CO2 19

×