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Virtualization 101: Everything You Need To Know To Get Started With VMware

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This was a breakout track from the VMware Forum in April.

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Virtualization 101: Everything You Need To Know To Get Started With VMware

  1. 1. Virtualization 101Timothy Stephan, Senior DirectorvSphere Product Marketing
  2. 2. Introduction Goals for this session • Gain a fundamental understanding of VMware’s core virtualization technology • Understand the customer benefits of virtualization • Explore how vSphere components work together to form a complete cloud infrastructure platform. • Teach you how to get started today!2
  3. 3. Agenda What Exactly is Virtualization? Who is VMware? What are We Trying to Solve? How Will Virtualization Benefit Me? Getting Started: vSphere Hypervisor and VMware Go3
  4. 4. Agenda What Exactly is Virtualization? Who is VMware? What are We Trying to Solve? How Will Virtualization Benefit Me? Getting Started: vSphere Hypervisor and VMware Go4
  5. 5. Virtualization DefinedVirtualization ● virt·tual·iz-a-tion ● [vur-choo-uhl-iz-ey-shuhn]–noun1. Today’s x86 computer hardware was designed to run a single operating system and a single application, leaving most machines vastly underutilized. Virtualization lets you run multiple virtual machines on a single physical machine, with each virtual machine sharing the resources of that one physical computer across multiple environments. Different virtual machines can run different operating systems and multiple applications on the same physical computer.2. Something only VMware can do well :)5
  6. 6. Virtualization & Cloud = Top Priorities for CIOs CIO Technology 2010 Priority 2009 Priority Virtualization 1 3 Cloud Computing 2 14Source: Gartner CIO study, Q4 20096
  7. 7. Virtualization Defined For those more visually inclined… Traditional Architecture Virtual Architecture7
  8. 8. Key Properties of Virtual Machines Partitioning Run multiple operating systems on one physical machine Divide system resources between virtual machines8
  9. 9. Key Properties of Virtual Machines : Continued Partitioning Run multiple operating systems on one physical machine Divide system resources between virtual machines Isolation Fault and security isolation at the VMware hardware level Advanced resource controls preserve performance9
  10. 10. Key Properties of Virtual Machines : Continued Partitioning Run multiple operating systems on one physical machine Divide system resources between virtual machines Isolation VMware Fault and security isolation at the hardware level Advanced resource controls preserve performance Encapsulation Entire state of the virtual machine can be saved to files Move and copy virtual machines as easily as moving and copying files10
  11. 11. Key Properties of Virtual Machines : Continued Partitioning Run multiple operating systems on one physical machine Divide system resources between virtual machines Isolation VMware Fault and security isolation at the hardware level Advanced resource controls preserve performance Encapsulation Entire state of the virtual machine can be saved to files Move and copy virtual machines as easily as moving and copying files Hardware Independence Provision or migrate any virtual machine to any similar or different physical server11
  12. 12. Abstraction + Pooling = Reduced Complexity Traditional View Virtual Infrastructure Exchange File/Print Operating System Operating System Virtual Infrastructure OS Virtualization OS Virtualization CPU Pool Memory Pool SAP ERP Oracle CRM Storage Operating System Operating System Pool OS Virtualization OS Virtualization Interconnect Pool12
  13. 13. Abstraction + Pooling = Reduced Complexity Exchange File/Print Operating System Operating System Virtual Infrastructure CPU Pool Memory Pool SAP ERP Oracle CRM Storage Operating System Operating System Pool Interconnect Pool13
  14. 14. Agenda What Exactly is Virtualization? Who is VMware? What are We Trying to Solve? How Will Virtualization Benefit Me? Getting Started: vSphere Hypervisor and VMware Go14
  15. 15. VMware is the Customer Proven Market Leader Company Overview • $3.77 billion in 2011 revenues • >$4.5 billion in cash and equivalents • 30%+ operating margins • ~11,000 employees worldwide • 5th largest infrastructure software company in the world Proven in the Trenches • 300,000+ VMware customers • 100% of Fortune 100 • 100% of Fortune Global 100 • 99% of Fortune 1000 • 97% of Fortune Global 50015
  16. 16. VMware is the Customer Proven Market Leader Company Overview • $3.77 billion in 2011 revenues • >$4.5 billion in cash and equivalents • 30%+ operating margins • ~11,000 employees worldwide • 5th largest infrastructure software company in theof mid-2011, As world about 81% Proven inof installed VMs are VMware-based the Trenches • 300,000+ Gartner,customers VMware June 2011 • 100% of Fortune 100 • 100% of Fortune Global 100 • 99% of Fortune 1000 • 97% of Fortune Global 500 Source: From Virtualization to Cloud Computing, Gartner IT Infrastructure, Operations and Management Summit, June 2011, Thomas Bittman16
  17. 17. Our Mission – Aligns with your Mission Enable Our Customers By Simplifying and Automating IT in the Cloud Era Leading to a Optimizing IT Enabling Greater More Engaged, Efficiency… Business Agility… Productive Workforce Enabling Business Transformation thru IT Transformation18
  18. 18. VMware History – the Road to Cloud Infrastructure Gen 1: Gen 2: Gen 3: Gen 4: Client Hypervisor Server Hypervisor Virtual Infrastructure vSphere Focus is on the application App App App App App App App App App App OS OS OS OS OS OS OS OS OS OS App App App App App VMware Server (GSX) OS OS OS OS OS VIP HOST OS ESX Server Foundation of a Private Cloud VIP Central management Central management via vCenter via vCenter • Higher utilization • Complete OS/App fault • Centralized • Policy-based control of isolation management compute, network, and • Some OS/App fault storage resources isolation • Encapsulation of virtual • Move virtual machines machines while running • Security and fault tolerance • Hardware Independence • Automatic business • Focus is on the application continuity19
  19. 19. Our Focus Empowered, Secure End-User Computing Mobile Workforce Faster Time-to-Market for Modern Cloud Application Platform Applications A More Flexible, Scalable, Efficient Infrastructure Cloud Infrastructure & Management for All Apps Existing Datacenters Public Cloud Services20
  20. 20. VMware in the Leaders Quadrant for x86 Server VirtualizationGartner, Inc. Magic Quadrant for x86 Server Virtualization Infrastructure, Thomas J. Bittman, Philip Dawson, Mark Margevicius, George J. Weiss, 30 June 2011.This Magic Quadrant graphic was published by Gartner, Inc. as part of a larger research note and should be evaluated in the context of the entire report. The Gartner report is available upon request from VMware.The Magic Quadrant is copyrighted 2011 by Gartner, Inc. and is reused with permission. The Magic Quadrant is a graphical representation of a marketplace at and for a specific time period. It depicts Gartners analysis of how certain vendors measureagainst criteria for that marketplace, as defined by Gartner. Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in the Magic Quadrant, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors placed in the "Leaders" quadrant.The Magic Quadrant is intended solely as a research tool, and is not meant to be a specific guide to action. Gartner disclaims all warranties, express or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for aparticular purpose. 21
  21. 21. VMware and Our Partner Network… Deep Expertise… Economics of Choice… 2,200+ Technology and 70+ vCloud Consulting Partners Service Providers Collectively committed to achieving transformative business outcomes through continuous innovation and superior technology. Together we have the complementary skills and shared commitment to bring the best expertise and business solutions to each unique customer environment. Leverage Existing Available Resources… Relationships… 25,000+ 59,000+ VMware Channel Partners Certified Professionals22
  22. 22. Broadest Software and Hardware Support in the IndustryOver 1400 ISV Partners Supporting Broadest ISV and IHV Supportover 2500 Applications on VMware Majority ISVs Support VMware  SAP and IBM have clear support 10 out of Top 10 statements for running their software on VMware Healthcare ISVs  Oracle’s official support policy (Document 10 out of Top 10 ID #249212.1) states they will support Finance ISVs Oracle Databases, applications & middleware virtualized on VMware  Microsoft fully supports all leading 5 out of Top 5 applications on VMware (and recently Telecom ISVs extended support for Exchange 2010 DAG) 4 out of Top 5 Broadest x86 Hardware Support Retail ISVs  The broadest choice of x86 hardware23
  23. 23. So, What’s the Problem? © 2010 VMware Inc. All rights reserved
  24. 24. IT Mandate IT will always be pressured to … enable greater business agility, while becoming more efficient.25
  25. 25. IT is Traditionally Forced to Focus on Non-Value-Add Activity IT Investment Overwhelming complexity 5% + Infrastructure Investment Brittle infrastructure = < 30% of IT budgets 23% Application 42% goes to innovation and Investment Infrastructure competitive advantage Maintenance 30% Application Maintenance Business Agility Depends on IT AgilitySource: VMware Fortune 100 Customers 26
  26. 26. Before VMware: The State of at IT Infrastructure Server Sprawl Power & Cooling  36M physical x86 servers by  $1 for every $1 spent on 2011— a ten-fold increase servers over 15 years  $29 bn in power and  $140 bn in excess server cooling industry wide capacity - a 3-year supply Space Crunch Costs Operating Costs  $1,000 / sq ft  $8 in maintenance for  $2,400 / server every $1 spent on new infrastructure  $40,000 / rack  20-30 : 1 server-to-admin ratio 1. IDC, U.S. and Worldwide Server Installed Base 2007–2011 Forecast, Doc #207044, May 2007272. IDC, Virtualization And Multicore Innovations Disrupt The Worldwide Server Market, Doc #206035, March 2007 3. Source: VMware
  27. 27. Obviously something isn’t working very well… …so what should we do?28
  28. 28. Agenda What Exactly is Virtualization? Who is VMware? What are We Trying to Solve? How Will Virtualization Benefit Me? Getting Started: vSphere Hypervisor and VMware Go29
  29. 29. Core Benefits 1. Reduce 2. Dramatically 3. Enable Flexible, Agile the Complexity Lower Costs IT Service Delivery to simplify operations to redirect investment into to meet and anticipate the and maintenance value-add opportunities needs of the business Drive IT Agility to Increase Business Value30
  30. 30. How Do I Get Those Benefits?Consolidation - One-time event that moves existing applicationsonto a fewer number of serversContainment - An ongoing effort to virtualize new applicationsand manage growth of existing onesAvailability – Introducing virtualization to increase applicationavailability and data recoverability …there are many more benefits of virtualization
  31. 31. What is vSphere? Industry’s Most Complete and Robust Virtualization Platform vSphere Provides:  Infrastructure consolidation and cost savings  Application high-availability and business continuity  Simple, yet powerful IT management What Does vSphere Solve for Customers?  Provides a Powerful Disaster Recovery Strategy  Supports Running Mission-Critical Applications  Simplifies IT Operations  Delivers the Most Flexible Building Block for Leveraging the Cloud
  32. 32. VMware vSphere Platform vCenter Server • High Availability • Fault Tolerance • vShield Zones • vMotion • Hot Add • Security APIs • Storage vMotion • DRS • Data Recovery Application Services Availability Security Scalability VMware vSphere Compute Storage Network Infrastructure Services • Thin Provisioning • Network I/O Control • ESXi Convergence • Storage DRS • Distributed Switch • Auto Deploy • Profile-Driven Storage • DRS • Storage I/O Control • Storage APIs
  33. 33. High AvailabilityDescription:Enables the high availability ofvirtual machines by restarting Xthem on a different vSpherehost in the event of a failureBenefits: Resource Pool• Minimizes downtime and IT service disruption• Reduce cost and complexity compared to traditional clustering
  34. 34. Live Machine Migration with Zero DowntimeDescription:Enables the live migration of virtualmachines from one host to anotherwith continuous service availability.Benefits:• Revolutionary technology that is the basis for automated virtual machine movement• Meets service level and performance goals35
  35. 35. Better Storage Utilization and Efficiency Description: Provisioning storage only based on what is needed now and grow into requested size over time Benefits Benefits: • Eliminate over-allocating storage • Reduce CapEx purchases • More granular controls over storage resources • Easy to convert from virtual disks that were previously thick (Storage vMotion)
  36. 36. Save Time During Disaster Recovery Physical Configure Install Configure Install Start ―Single-step hardware OS OS backup automatic recovery‖ agentVirtual Restore Power 40+ hrs VM on VM < 4 hrsEliminate recovery steps• No operating system re-install or bare-metal recovery• No time spent reconfiguring hardwareStandardize recovery process• Consistent process independent of operating system and hardware
  37. 37. The Results are Transformational Financial Resources Human Resources Earth’s Resources ―Strategically, virtualization leads inexorably down a path toward agility, flexible sourcing and cloud computing.‖ Tom Bittman, Gartner Capital costs reduced by 50% - 60% Average of 33% reduction in routine Delayed data admin time Up to 80% center expansion E.g. provision reduction in Operational costs a server in minutes datacenter reduced by 25%+ energy costs Source: Gartner; 29 July 2010 Q&A: Six Misconceptions About Server Virtualization, Tom Bittman.38
  38. 38. Agenda What Exactly is Virtualization? Who is VMware? What are We Trying to Solve? How Will Virtualization Benefit Me? Getting Started: vSphere Hypervisor and VMware Go40
  39. 39. vSphere Hypervisor - Overview A Free Version of VMware’s Leading ESXi Architecture Partitions a server into virtual machines Reduces hardware, power, and cooling with the performance and features of ESX Plug-and-Play Minimal configuration. Run VMs in minutes OS-Independent, thin architecture Unparalleled security and reliability Full-featured Superior consolidation and scalability Ease of Use Easy to manage with remote tools Free download from vmware.com Simple license upgrade to vSphere editions
  40. 40. Hardware RequirementsServer CPU Minimum: Single socket, dual core CPU Ideal: Dual-socket, 4 or more cores per CPU Memory: Minimum: 2GB Ideal: 8+GB MemoryNetwork Minimum: one NIC, plus one for Management interface Ideal: One for Management Interface plus multiple NICs for VMsStorage Network Local Storage (SATA/SAS): Minimum: one 80GB drive Ideal:2 mirrored drives (only for ESXi Installable) plus 4 RAID5 drives for VMs Storage ESXi 4.0 Installable may be installed on 1GB+ USB 2.0 flash storage device Shared Storage NFS, iSCSI, Fibre Channel: for VM storage ESXi Installable requires local disk or 1 GB+ USB 2.0 flash storage for the hypervisor
  41. 41. Installing vSphere HypervisorvSphere Hypervisor vSphere Hypervisor VMware GoEmbedded Installable • Installed via SD flash or • Load Installer via CD • Go to USB key internal to the or ISO image “go.vmware.com” server • Simple 2-step 1. Register for an account • Distributed with a new procedure: 2. Accept EULA server 1. Accept EULA 3. Walk through • No Installation -- Just 2. Select local drive for installation wizard Turn It On! installation
  42. 42. Installing vSphere Hypervisor: Using VMware GoVMware Go UIvSphere Installation wizard: VMware Go - FREE • Simplified installation with HCL verification • Configuration & management • Installation, HW/SW inventory tracking
  43. 43. Get up and running in Minutes 1. Power on server , which boots into hypervisor 2. Configure Admin Password  3. (optional) Modify network configuration 4. Connect via vSphere Client Point your browser to the configured IP Address Download & Install Windows-based  vSphere Client Start vSphere Client and log into host
  44. 44. Manage Your ESXi Host: vSphere Client
  45. 45. Interacting with Virtual Machines Virtual Machine Console Or just use standard remote access, e.g. RDP, ssh, etc.
  46. 46. Creating Virtual Machines Use VMware Converter Transfer existing physical servers into virtual machines Import existing VMware and 3rd party virtual images Create from Scratch Specify CPUs (1-4), Memory (1-256 GB), Disks, Network interfaces Load OS from ISO image (over 80 supported OSes) Import a Virtual Appliance Hundreds to choose from on the Virtual Appliance Marketplace Download directly via vSphere Client and deploy on host
  47. 47. Manage Individual VMsControl capabilities • Power on/off • Suspend  Captures state of VM to disk  Can resume back to same state• Snapshot  Makes point-in-time copy of virtual disk(s)  Can have multiple snapshots in a tree
  48. 48. Monitor Individual VMs
  49. 49. Easily Upgrade vSphere Hypervisor vSphere Hypervisor vSphere – Kits or Editions • FREE • Pools of computing resources • Single server partitioning • Centralized management • Production-class hypervisor • Built-in automation, availability and • Advanced server resource manageability management • All Kits or Editions include ESXi, starting at $83 per CPU socket The hypervisor is to Virtual Infrastructure what the engine is to a car, or the BIOS to a PC – an required component, but not the whole solution.
  50. 50. VMware vSphere Deployment Architecture • Deploy ESXi on each host • Add vCenter Server to Centrally manage ESXi hosts • Upgrade license file to vSphere
  51. 51. VMware vSphere Storage Appliance:Delivering shared storage capability to all SMBs Traditional IT Environment VMware vSphere Storage Appliance VSA runs as a virtual machine, with your application workloadsShared storage VSA uses serverhardware provides internal disk – no VSA clusters storagecentralized arrays shared storage across server nodesof storage over a hardwarehigh-speed network required Traditionally shared storage hardware VSA delivers high availability and is required to use high availability and advanced vSphere features to SMBs advanced vSphere features without shared storage hardware53
  52. 52. Simplify Management with vCenter Operations Overview  Comprehensive dashboard for infrastructure operations with health, risk and efficiency scores  Single tool to manage performance, capacity and configuration changes across entire environment Benefits  End-to-end visibility into infrastructure health  Proactively ensure quality of service and incident avoidance  Optimize for efficiency and cost54
  53. 53. In Summary Virtualization reduces cost, improves high availability, and simplifies operations ESXi is a high performance, enterprise-class hypervisor architecture vSphere Hypervisor can be up and running with VMs in minutes and is available for free. VMware Go can help! vSphere Hypervisor can be upgraded to VMware vSphere to deliver high availability and reduce OpEx and CapEx.
  54. 54. Questions?
  55. 55. APPENDIX
  56. 56. Visibility into Immediate and Potential Future Problems Operations Short and Long Term Capacity• Immediate • Forward problems Looking• What is • Are there happening areas that I right now? should be• What do I concerned need to pay about from a attention to? capacity perspective? • Have I deployed my VI in the most efficient manner? 58
  57. 57. Ducati PROFILE “ We chose VMware as they are the leader in the market. When you choose VMware, you know that you have a solution which is always going to support you.‖ - Daniel Bellini, CIO, DucatiIndustry Automotive ObjectivesHeadquarters Bologna, ItalyEmployees 1,100 •To meet their requirements in terms of growth and compete/win against must larger brands, Ducati needed toAnnual Revenue €403 million find a partner with the capabilities to support them. VMware Solution VMWARE PRODUCTS & SERVICES •Cloud infrastructure has enabled Ducati to link it’s racing and street bike businesses. • VMware vSphere •Ducati’s Cloud is 100% integrated on VMware technology • VMware vCloud Director • VMware View Business Impact •0%-to-98% virtualized in less than 2 years, all with no down time and supporting a 3x increase in production. •Ducati’s IT infrastructure supports the production of 40K bikes per year, and helps them outrace competitors significantly larger.59
  58. 58. Centaur Fund ServicesProfile ―As a start up business, choosing the right IT infrastructure for our business was absolutely crucial. We needed a scalable, resilient and affordable solution... We’re 100% confident we made the right choice in selecting VMware to provide our data center and desktop technology.‖ — Karen Malone, Managing Director Customer Objectives  Create a highly resilient and scalable IT infrastructure withoutIndustry Finance significant initial investmentHeadquarters Dublin, Ireland  Provide a robust remote working solution to reduce downtimeEmployees 100+ SolutionThe Numbers  Deployed vSphere 4 for high availability and enhanced business• 2 data centers in the UK continuity as well as a secure environment for cost effective growth• Manages $200 billion in assets  Used View 4 for remote working capability• 100% of server environment virtualized Business Impact  Reduced downtime to zeroVMware Products & Services  Increased speed of responses to client requests  Maximized utilization of servers to reduce capital and operating costs• vSphere 4  Increased ability to access applications remotely• View 460
  59. 59. ThreadneedleProfile ―We have made huge savings across our IT…VMware’s server and desktop virtualization solutions have enhanced the performance and availability of our key business applications and our business continuity and disaster recovery plans have been transformed.‖ — Phil Whittock, Head of Infrastructure Architecture Customer Objectives  Maintain high availability for operational and regulatory purposesIndustry Finance  Reduce costs and streamline operations by consolidating data centersHeadquarters London, UK  Improve security and application delivery for end-usersEmployees 100+ SolutionThe Numbers  Deployed VMware virtualization to consolidate data centers and provide high availability for applications• 5 data centers in the UK• Manages £59 billion ($90 billion) in assets  Used View to enhance desktop application and remote IT delivery• Achieved 10:1 server consolidation Business Impact  Saved 6-figures in cost avoidanceVMware Products & Services  Virtualized over 80% of applications to improve delivery  Reduced cost of ensuring high availability by 90%• VMware Infrastructure 3  Reduced server provisioning by 3X• View  Enhanced overall business agility61
  60. 60. Start Virtualization Today How to get started • vSphere Eval Download link: https://www.vmware.com/tryvmware/?p=vmware-vsphere5- ent&lp=default • vSphere Eval Guide: https://www.vmware.com/files/pdf/products/vsphere/VMware-vSphere- Evaluation-Guide-1.pdf • VMware Hardware Compatibility Guide: http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/search.php?lp=default • vSphere Quick Start Classes: http://www.vmware.com/a/webcasts/details/260?lp=default • vSphere Product Documentation: https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/vsphere-esxi-vcenter- server-pubs.html Additional resources • vSphere Product Demos: https://www.vmware.com/tryvmware/?p=vmware-vsphere5-ent&lp=default • VMware ROI/TCO Calculator: http://roitco.vmware.com/vmw/ • VMware Cost per App Calculator: http://www.vmware.com/technology/whyvmware/calculator/ • Get Started with vSphere Kits: http://www.vmware.com/products/datacenter- virtualization/vsphere/small-business/compare-kits.html62

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