October 15 - Ancient Arts HUM 15

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October 15 - Ancient Arts HUM 15

  1. 1. OCTOBER 15, 2011<br />ANCIENT ARTS PART 2<br />
  2. 2. Ancient<br />Egyptian <br />Art<br />Ancient<br />Egyptian <br />Art<br />
  3. 3. 5000 BC to 300 AD<br />Highly stylized and very symbolic<br />Surviving art comes from tombs and monuments<br />Strong belief in a “future state” or the afterlife<br />Art is mostly for religious purposes<br />Imperfect art upsets the gods<br />Created to provide solace for the deceased in the afterlife<br />Death and the afterlife is the most common theme<br />Pharaohs, Gods, Nature<br />Quick Facts<br />
  4. 4. Geography<br /><ul><li>Located in the Nile river valley
  5. 5. Civilization developed by about 3,000 BC</li></li></ul><li>Geography<br />Protected from invaders by:<br /><ul><li>mountains to the south
  6. 6. vast deserts on both sides
  7. 7. Mediterranean Sea to the north </li></li></ul><li>Geography<br />This location kept Egypt separate from the rest of the world, so the Egyptians had a unique and enduring style of life and art for about 3,000 years. <br />
  8. 8. People<br />Communities were made up of:<br /><ul><li>Hunters and fishermen
  9. 9. Soldiers
  10. 10. Slaves
  11. 11. Priests
  12. 12. Scribes
  13. 13. Artists and craftsmen
  14. 14. Farmers and herdsmen</li></li></ul><li>People<br />Artists, craftsmen and scribes were honored and admired.<br />A scribe is a scholar who could read and write.<br />.<br />
  15. 15. People<br />Scribes wrote on papyrus.<br />Papyrus is a reed pounded to make a heavy type of paper.<br />.<br />
  16. 16. People<br />The leader was called a pharaoh.<br />The pharaoh was believed to be half man, half god.<br />The afterlife of the pharaoh is an important theme in ancient Egyptian art.<br />Famous Pharaohs<br /><ul><li>Tutankhamun (King Tut)
  17. 17. Seti I
  18. 18. Ramesses II
  19. 19. Cleopatra</li></li></ul><li>Contributions<br />The ancient Egyptians:<br /><ul><li>Made bricks
  20. 20. Used sails on the water
  21. 21. Used wheels on land
  22. 22. Harnessed animals for work
  23. 23. Trained donkeys to carry people
  24. 24. Combined copper and tin to make bronze
  25. 25. Forged tools from copper.</li></li></ul><li>Contributions<br />They also used hieroglyphics.<br /><ul><li> an early form of picture writing.
  26. 26. pictures and symbols stand for sounds and words
  27. 27. More than 700 symbols </li></li></ul><li>Architecture<br />The greatest architectural achievements of the Ancient Egyptians were the pyramids.<br /><ul><li>Pyramids were built as tombs for the pharaohs.
  28. 28. They contained the items that the Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh would need in the afterlife.
  29. 29. Much of the art that remains was preserved in the pyramids.</li></li></ul><li>Architecture<br /><ul><li>The first pyramid was built for King Zoser. It was a “step pyramid”. It was designed and built by an artist and architect named Imhotep.
  30. 30. Imhotep is the first artist whose name is recorded in history.
  31. 31. This pyramid was built about 2600 BC.</li></li></ul><li>Architecture<br /><ul><li>The Three “great pyramids” are located at Giza.</li></li></ul><li>Architecture<br />They are guarded by the Great Sphinx.<br /><ul><li> body of a lion, wings of a bird and face of a human
  32. 32. The sphinx is carved from a rocky ledge.
  33. 33. It was damaged by sand and wind.</li></li></ul><li>Architecture<br />The ancient Egyptians also built beautiful temples.<br /><ul><li>The post and lintel system was used to build this temple
  34. 34. Most famous is the Luxor Temple</li></li></ul><li>Mummies<br />The pyramids and tombs contained the mummified remains of the pharaohs.<br />The ancient Egyptians believed that the soul (called the Ka) would need to use the body in the afterlife, so the bodies were carefully preserved. Many items in the tombs were left there to be used by the Ka in the afterlife.<br />
  35. 35. Mummies<br />
  36. 36. Mummies<br />These are the mummified remains of a pharaoh named Ramses II.<br />
  37. 37. Mummies<br />After embalming, mummies were carefully wrapped in yards of linen bandages.<br />
  38. 38. Mummies<br />The ancient Egyptians even mummified animals.<br />
  39. 39. Sculpture<br />Painted relief sculpture lined the walls of pyramids.<br />This is called a stele.<br /><ul><li>A stele is a carved upright stone slab used as a monument.</li></ul>Male statues are darker than the femaile<br />Hands usually on the knees<br />
  40. 40. Sculpture<br />This stele shows Ramses II slaying his enemies.<br />
  41. 41. Sculpture<br />Notice that the sculptures are stiff, formal, and stylized.<br />
  42. 42. Sculpture<br />Faces face forward, and the left foot is slightly ahead of the right. There are no open spaces in the stone that the figures are carved from.<br />
  43. 43. Sculpture<br />Artists used materials found in the Nile river valley. They were:<br /><ul><li>Gold
  44. 44. Turquoise
  45. 45. Lapis Lazuli
  46. 46. Red coral
  47. 47. Glass</li></li></ul><li>Sculpture<br />
  48. 48. Sculpture<br />This gold mask rested on the head of the mummy of King Tutankhaman.<br />
  49. 49. Sculpture<br />Notice how Ramses II faces forward. He appears to be very rigid. This is typical of ancient Egyptian sculpture.<br />
  50. 50. Sculpture<br />This sculpture of Queen Nefertiti is much more relaxed and graceful than most ancient Egyptian sculpture.<br />
  51. 51. Painting<br />Ancient Egyptians followed a very strict set of rules in their art. One of these rules was to show the human body from the most familiar or visible angle.<br />
  52. 52. Painting<br />Again, the figures appear to be rigid and stylized. Notice the left foot and body posture.<br />
  53. 53. Painting<br />Paintings tell us about the daily lives of the ancient Egyptians.<br />
  54. 54. The gods are often depicted in the tomb paintings.<br />Painting<br />
  55. 55. <ul><li> Obelisk
  56. 56. tall, four sided narrow tapering monument
  57. 57. symbolized the Sun God Ra</li></ul>Influence on Popular Culture<br />
  58. 58. <ul><li> Ankh
  59. 59. Hieroglyphic symbol for eternal life
  60. 60. Goths, World of Warcraft, </li></ul>Influence on Popular Culture<br />
  61. 61. Influence on Popular Culture<br />
  62. 62. Indian<br />Art<br />
  63. 63. Names of India<br />South Asia<br />The Sub-Continent<br />Hindustan<br />Bharat<br />
  64. 64.
  65. 65. History and Culture<br />Indus River Valley<br />Dravidians and Aryans<br />Hinduism and the Caste system<br />Dynasties<br />British Colonization<br />India Today<br />
  66. 66. Indus Valley Civilization<br />2600-1900 BCE<br />
  67. 67. Indus Valley Civilization<br />City of Harappa<br />
  68. 68.
  69. 69.
  70. 70.
  71. 71. Dravidians and Aryans<br />
  72. 72. India Today<br />2nd largest population (after China)<br />Great ethnic diversity<br />Largest English-speaking nation in the world<br />Poverty-stricken<br />
  73. 73. Focus on Hinduism<br />
  74. 74. Rise of Hinduism<br />Gupta Dynasty (320 – 500 CE)<br />Sponsored a lot of the finest surviving Hindu artworks<br />
  75. 75. Interior of cave 19<br />Ajanta, India<br />2nd half of 5th century<br />
  76. 76. Bodhisattva (mural), detail of a wall in Cave I, Ajanta, Maharashtra India.<br />Gupta period, c. 475 CE<br />
  77. 77. Hinduism <br />Reincarnation into higher “positions” and escape from cycle of life<br />Has millions of gods and godesses<br />Important deities<br /><ul><li> Vishnu – Benevolent God of Order and Well-being of the world, often depicted with a goddess Lakshmi or Radha.
  78. 78. Shiva – Lord of Existence. Lord of the Dance (creation and destruction of the world)
  79. 79. Devi – the Great Goddess of Material Wealth and Fertility; represents positive (beauty, wealth, auspiciousness) and negative aspects (wrath, pestilence, violent power); provides the vital force to all male gods.</li></li></ul><li>Vishnu<br />Often depicted lying in a trance or sleeping on Cosmic Waters.<br />Associated with the symbols: Wheel, Conch Shell, usually has four arms, lavish jewelry.<br />
  80. 80. Shiva<br />Shiva is often represented as dancing within a ring of fire; a linggam, the symbol of creative energy, holding fire, a drum, and gesturing to worshippers.<br />5-fold nature (five heads/faces): creator, protector, destroyer, obscurer, releaser.<br />
  81. 81. Devi<br />General term form for mother goddess, reincarnations in the form of numerous other goddesses that represent life-giving power of the universe as identified with women, fruitfulness of the land; rites of the dead.<br />
  82. 82. Other Important Contributions of India to the World of Art<br />Mandala<br />Taj Mahal<br />Swastika<br />Indian Music<br />Bollywood<br />
  83. 83. Mandala<br />Sanskrit for “circle” or “wholeness”<br />diagram that reminds of our relation to the infinite, the world that extends both beyond and within our bodies and minds. <br />Diagrams of cosmic realms; representing order and meaning within the spiritual universe; may be simple of complex, three- or two-dimensional and in different shapes<br />
  84. 84.
  85. 85.
  86. 86.
  87. 87.
  88. 88. The Taj Mahal<br />
  89. 89. The Swastika<br />
  90. 90. Indian Music<br />Sitar, wooden flutes, little bells<br />George Harrison of the Beatles<br />
  91. 91. Bollywood<br />Filmmaking<br />Largest movie-making industry in the world<br />Slum Dog Millionaire<br />
  92. 92. East Asian<br />Art<br />
  93. 93. Countries in East Asia<br />China<br />Korea<br />Japan<br />
  94. 94. Early Civilization<br />Huang-Ho River Valley<br />Cradle of Chinese civilization<br />First Chinese kingdoms – Bronze age, before 1600 BCE<br />
  95. 95. Huang Ho <br />or<br />Yellow River<br />“China’s <br />Sorrow”<br />Because of its<br />Disastrous floods.<br />
  96. 96. Yang Tze River<br />
  97. 97. History of China<br />China means “Middle Land”<br />Huang-Ho River Valley Civilization<br />Great Wall of China<br />Trade with the West<br />Communist China<br />Tibet and Taiwan<br />Modern China<br />
  98. 98. History of Korea<br />Ju Mong <br />Jewel in the Palace<br />Japanese Invasion<br />Post World War 2 Division of Korea<br />Korean War<br />Modern Korea<br />
  99. 99. History of Japan<br />Samurais, Ninjas and Shogunates<br />Empire of the Sun<br />World War 2<br />Economic Recovery<br />Japan Today<br />
  100. 100. Chinese Art<br />
  101. 101.
  102. 102. Shi Huang Di<br /><ul><li> First emperor of China
  103. 103. United the warring states
  104. 104. Common language, system of writing
  105. 105. First version of The Great Wall of China
  106. 106. Burning of the books and burying of the scholars
  107. 107. Hero and The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor </li></li></ul><li>During his life, Qin Shi Huangdi’s empire was defended by an army of 300,000. <br />After his death, an underground army of thousands of terracotta men and horses guarded his tomb, disciplined and alert for all eternity. <br />Army of Emperor Shi Huangdi<br />Shaanxi Province, China<br />210 B.C.E.painted terracotta<br />
  108. 108. <ul><li>1,000 potters molded and carved the clay, fired and painted
  109. 109. 85 artists signed the figures
  110. 110. Standardized figures by using molds of arms, torsos, legs, fingers, heads
  111. 111. Real weapons of wood and bronze
  112. 112. Such feat predates European industrial societies (1700s) by many centuries!</li></ul>Army of Emperor Shi Huangdi<br />Shaanxi Province, China<br />210 B.C.E.painted terracotta<br />
  113. 113.
  114. 114. The Silk Route<br />5,000-mile long caravan & sea trade route from western end of the Great Wall to Rome.<br />Silk was greatly treasured in ancient Greece and Rome. <br />Funeral Banner from Tomb 1<br />Mawangdui, China<br />ca.168 B.C.E.painted silk<br />
  115. 115. Silk, spices and other foodstuff, horses, metals, gems and ceramics were traded along this silk route as early as 2640 BCE. Silk had been greatly valued in ancient Greece and Rome. China had monopoly of silk cultivation and art until 2 christian missionaries smuggled a few silkworm larvae to Constantinople. <br />
  116. 116. Fan Kuan<br />Travelers Among Mountains and Streams<br />early 11th centuryhanging scroll, ink, and colors on silk6 ft. 7 1/4 in. x 3 ft. 4 1/4 in.<br />
  117. 117. Zhou Jichang<br />Arhats Giving Alms to Beggars<br />1178 C.E.ink and colors on silk44 x 21 in.<br />
  118. 118. Shakyamuni Buddha<br />338gilded bronze1 ft. 3 1/2 in. high<br />
  119. 119. Vairocana Buddha, Longmen Caves<br />Luoyang, China<br />ca. 670-680 C.E.central figure 50 feet high<br />
  120. 120. Most impressive surviving works of Buddhist art are hundreds of caves carved from solid rock<br />Vairocana Buddha, Longmen Caves<br />Luoyang, China<br />ca. 670-680 C.E.50 feet high<br />
  121. 121. Paradise of Amitabha<br />Cave 172<br />Dunhuang, China<br />mid 8th centurywall paintingwall approximately 10 feet high<br />
  122. 122. The abundance of raw material necessary for ceramics has made China the cradle of ceramic—porcelain and earthenware art. <br />Glazing—the art of fastening color unto ceramics—was also perfected by ancient Chinese. <br />Horse<br />8th to 9th century C.E.20 in. highglazed earthenware<br />
  123. 123. Neighing Horse<br />8th to 9th century C.E.20 in. highglazed earthenware<br />
  124. 124. Meiping vase<br />960-1127 C.E.Stoneware, Cizhou type with sgraffito decoration<br />
  125. 125.
  126. 126. Pagodas are closely associated with East Asian Buddhist temples, particularly the stupas<br />Influenced early Han Dynasty watchtowers<br />Foguang Si Pagoda<br />Yingxian, China<br />1056 C.E.<br />
  127. 127. Multi-storied buildings with upward-curving roofs supported by elaborate bracketing.<br />Architectural principles of simplicity, symmetry, proportions and grace.<br />Foguang Si Pagoda<br />Yingxian, China<br />1056 C.E.<br />
  128. 128. Korean Art<br />
  129. 129.
  130. 130. Emperor Wu Ti of China (2nd cent BCE) brought the northern part Korea into his empire; introduced Buddhism, which in turn Koreans brought to Japanese culture in 552 CE. <br />Korean people: skilled ceramists and metal workers.<br />Shakyamuni Buddhaat entrance to cave temple<br />from Sokkuram, Korea<br />751-744graniteapproximately 11 ft. high<br />
  131. 131. The Matreya, or “Buddha of the Future” is the otherwise known as the early Korean representation of Buddhist deities.<br />Slender figures, sophisticated, linear patterns.<br />Statues with downcast eyes and fingers touching the chin indicating a person lost in deep thought.<br />Seated Matreya. Korea. <br />Three Kingdoms Period, early 7th Cent.<br />Gilt bronze, 35 ¾ in.<br />
  132. 132. Usually seen as a conduit from China to Japan<br />Assimilated Chinese art but created a unique culture of its own<br />Sophisticated style spread to Japanese islands and became an aesthetic basis for arts in China, Korea and Japan.<br />
  133. 133. Japanese Art<br />
  134. 134. <ul><li> Painting is one of the oldest of the Japanese arts
  135. 135. Synthesis and competition between native/original aesthetics and adaptation of imported ideas</li></li></ul><li>Ise Shrine<br />Ise, Mie Prefecture, Japan<br />originally 5th century C.E.rebuilt 1973<br />
  136. 136. Horyuji kondo<br />Nara, Japan<br />ca. 680 C.E.<br />
  137. 137. Yakushi triad, Yakushiji kondo<br />Nara, Japan<br />late seventh or early eighth century C.E.bronze<br />
  138. 138.
  139. 139. Taizokai (Womb World)<br />Ryokai Mandara Kyoto, Japan<br />9th centurycolor on silk 6 ft. x 5 ft. 5/8 in.<br />
  140. 140.
  141. 141. Phoenix Hall<br />Byodoin, Uji, Japan<br />1053 C.E.<br />
  142. 142. Flying StorehouseThe Legends of Mount Shigi<br />Chogosonshiji, Nara<br />late 12th centuryhandscroll ink and color on paper1 1/2 ft. high<br />
  143. 143. Detail of Burning of the Sanjo Palace<br />13th century C.E.<br />handscroll, ink and colors on paper16 1/4 in. high<br />
  144. 144. Detail of Burning of the Sanjo Palace<br />13th century C.E.<br />handscroll, ink and colors on paper16 1/4 in. high<br />
  145. 145. Amida Descending over the Mountain<br />13th century C.E.<br />hanging scroll, ink and colors on silk51 1/8 in. high<br />
  146. 146. Amida Triad<br />Horyuji Kondo, Nara, Japan<br />ca. 710ink and colors10 ft. 3 in. x 8 ft. 6 in.<br />
  147. 147. Crown from tomb 98<br />Hwangnamdong, Korea<br />5-6th centurygold10 3/4 in. high<br />
  148. 148. Kano Motonobu<br />Xiangyen Zhixian Sweeping with a Broom<br />Muramachi Period, ca. 1513hanging scroll, ink and color on paper5 ft. 7 3/8 in. x 2 ft. 10 3/4 in.<br />
  149. 149. Hasegawa Tohaku<br />Pine Forest<br />Monoyama Period, late 16th C.one of a pair of six-panel screensink on paper5 ft. 1 3/8 in. x 11 ft. 4 in.<br />
  150. 150. Katsushika Hokusai<br />The Great Wave off Kanagawa, from Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji series<br />Edo Period, ca. 1826-33woodblock print oban, ink and colors on paper9 7/8 in. x 1 ft. 2 3/4 in.<br />
  151. 151. Ancient Greece<br />Foundation of Western Civilization<br />Breeding ground of the great philosophers (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle)<br />Influenced Roman civilization, which is the foundation of democratic societies<br />Greek language is the foundation of many modern English terms.<br />New Testament written in Greek language<br />
  152. 152. History<br />Began with small sea-faring communities in the Aegean Sea<br />Developed to city-states (polis)<br />Became an empire that conquered the known world east of Greece (Alexander the Great) circa 350 BCE<br />Replaced by the Roman Empire <br />
  153. 153. Ancient Greeks sought perfection of the body and mind <br />Greeks believed in Humanism – idea that humans should look to themselves when establishing standards<br />Ancient Greeks greatly influenced Western culture – government / democracy, systems of education, athletics, developed philosophy, math, literature<br />
  154. 154. Mythology<br />Stories of gods and goddesses<br />Theme of many sculptures<br />
  155. 155. Sculpture<br />Highly realistic<br />Life-size<br />Semi-nude<br />Theme: mythology<br />Theme: the perfect human body<br />
  156. 156. Anavysos Kouros<br />Sculpture (Marble) <br />530 BCE<br />1.93 M Tall<br />
  157. 157. Anavysos Kouros<br />Kouros means “young man” in Greek<br />Represents the ideal “perfect” young man (strong, athletic, smooth skin, classic features)<br />Classic pose (one foot forward, hands at the sides)<br />Pose is similar to Egyptian figures<br />
  158. 158. Peplos Kore<br />
  159. 159. Peplos Kore<br />Kore - “young woman”<br />Peplos – style of dress that she is wearing<br />Originally wore a metal crown and jewelry<br />Originally painted with patterns of animals<br />Missing left forearm – arm once held an object that would have identified her role<br />Peplos Kore, <br />530 BCE, Marble, height 121 cm<br />
  160. 160. Discus Thrower<br />Sculpture (Marble / Roman Copy)<br />450 BCE<br />1.54 M Tall<br />
  161. 161. Discus Thrower<br />Sculpture is a copy by the Romans (who loved Greek art)<br />Discus Throwing is an Olympic sport<br />Greeks started the original Olympic Games in 776 BCE<br />Anatomy of the human figure<br />Movement of the figure<br />
  162. 162. Venus de Milo (Aphrodite of Melos)<br />Sculpture (Marble)<br />150 BCE<br />2.1 M Tall<br />
  163. 163. Venus de Milo<br />(Aphrodite of Melos)<br />Classic Beauty of the Female Form<br />Elongated Body with S-curve (shape of letter S)<br />“Erotic” tension of her drapery falling off her body<br />Arms broken off – originally holding an apple? <br />Found on Aegean island of Melos by French excavators in 1820)<br />
  164. 164. Nike of Samothrace<br />Sculpture (Marble)<br />190 BCE<br />2.44 M Tall<br />
  165. 165. Nike of Samothrace<br />Nike – Greek Goddess of Victory<br />Sometimes called “Winged Victory”<br />Monument which originally stood on a hill (Victory Monument)<br />Louvre Museum, Paris <br />
  166. 166. Architecture<br />Temples<br />For the gods, not for human use<br />pillars<br />
  167. 167.
  168. 168.
  169. 169. 3 Types of Greek Columns:<br />Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian<br />The Greek Columns became more elaborate as time advanced (the oldest column is the Doric)<br />
  170. 170. Sanctuary of Apollo<br />Architecture<br />6th – 3rd century BCE<br />
  171. 171. Sanctuary of Apollo<br />Sacred home of the Greek God Apollo (God of sun, light, truth, music, archery, and healing)<br />Greeks believed Apollo could communicate to humans through a human medium called the Pythia<br />Located at Delphi (the site of the Pythian Games – a festival and competition of music, dance, and poetry<br />
  172. 172. The Greeks searched for perfect proportions (relationship between size differences) in their sculpture and temples<br />The Greeks used a ratio called the Golden Section in their art and architecture<br />
  173. 173. Parthenon, Acropolis<br />Architecture<br />447 – 438 BCE<br />
  174. 174. Located in Athens, Greece<br />Temple built for Goddess Athena (Goddess of Athens, wisdom, war, victory, and civilization)<br />Acropolis - complex of buildings<br />Perfect Harmony and Balance (Golden Section)<br />Designed by Kallikrates and Iktinos (architects)<br />Doric Columns<br />Parthenon, Acropolis<br />
  175. 175. The Golden Section as applied to the Parthenon<br />
  176. 176. East Pediment of the Parthenon<br />Pediment – a triangular gable found over major architectural elements such as porticos, windows, or doors <br />
  177. 177. East Pediment of the Parthenon<br />
  178. 178. East Pediment of the Parthenon<br />AKA the “Elgin Marbles” - British Earl of Elgins bought the pediment and later gave it to British government <br />Originally over 90 feet long – today less than 40 feet survives (probably destroyed by Christians in the 5th Century when Parthenon was converted to a church<br />Figures illustrate the birth of Athena (goddess of wisdom and civilization)<br />East Pediment of the Parthenon, Marble Sculptures, 447 – 432 BCE<br />
  179. 179. Painting<br />Usually found on pots and vases<br />Flat<br />Theme: methology<br />
  180. 180. Francois Vase<br />Sculpture (Painted Ceramic)<br />570 BCE<br />66 cm<br />
  181. 181. Discovered by a French archaeologist, Francois<br />Signed by the painter and the potter<br />Black Figure Pottery (black on red decoration)<br />Volute Crater Shape<br />Many stories, including the story of the wedding of King Peleus<br />200 animal and human figures<br />Francois Vase<br />
  182. 182. Greek Vase Shapes<br />
  183. 183.
  184. 184.
  185. 185. Theater<br />Amphitheater<br />Comedy and Tragedy<br />Use of masks<br />
  186. 186.
  187. 187.
  188. 188. Olympics<br />Myth is that it was started by Hercules and Zeus (Olympic Stadium was built after Hercules completed the 12 labors)<br />All wars/protests/struggles are postponed during this period<br />Fundamental religious importance<br />Running events, pentathlon, boxing, wrestling<br />
  189. 189.
  190. 190.
  191. 191.
  192. 192.
  193. 193.
  194. 194. Literature<br />Mythology is the major theme<br />Illiad and Odyssey<br />Philosophy – Socrates, Plato, Aristotle<br />“All men by nature desire to know”<br />
  195. 195. Impact of Greek Mythology in Language<br />Herculean Task<br />Achilles Heel<br />Trojan virus<br />Trojan horse<br />Morphine<br />Midas touch<br />The face that launched a thousand ships<br />Narcissistic<br />Remember the Titans<br />You opened a Pandora’s box<br />Carrying the weight of the world<br />Odyssey <br />
  196. 196. Greek Gods and Goddesses<br /><ul><li>Zeus – king of the Gods
  197. 197. Hera – queen of the Gods
  198. 198. Hades – god of death, the underworld
  199. 199. Athena – goddess of wisdom and civilization
  200. 200. Ares – god of war
  201. 201. Apollo – god of sun, creativity, fine arts
  202. 202. Aphrodite – goddess of love and beauty
  203. 203. Hermes – god of commerce and messenger of the gods
  204. 204. Dionysos – god of wine
  205. 205. Poseidon – god of sea and earthquakes
  206. 206. Eros – god of love (son of Aphrodite)</li></li></ul><li>As a modern-day artist, what are the lessons that you have learned from studying the ancient civilizations? <br />ASSIGNMENT # 4<br />
  207. 207. Create a work of art inspired by an ancient civilization<br />Present to the class on October 29<br />Talk about the creative process, why you chose that civilization, what are some of the modern-day influences that you used<br />Powerpoint presentation <br />Mode of presentation depends on art form you will choose<br />GROUP PROJECT<br />

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