Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory By: Ida Fehrenbach
About Albert Bandura • Born on December 4, 1925 • Canadian, American • Studied at University of British Columbia and University of Iowa. Researched and taught at Stanford University. • Elected president of American Psychological Association in 1974 • Famous for research on social learning theories
What is social learning? Remember the saying monkey see monkey do? Same concept! Observational learning: Watching actions performed either in a form of media of in real life then mimicking the observed behavior. Bandura’s concept of regulation of human behavior is found in the diagram of triadic reciprocal causation. Behavioral, cognitive and environmental factors all influence learning behavior.
Research Experiments Bobo the clown Boys and girls watched a video of a person performing violent acts on a blowup clown named Bobo. Use of kicking, punching, and hammering were modeled. When children were then left alone with the same blowup clown they performed the same behaviors they had observed. Watch Bandura and the Bobo experiement
What this means foreducators• Model appropriate behaviors for a school environment, realize that your students are watching you constantly.• Watch and listen critically to audiovisuals before using in class.• Do not underestimate how quickly children learn from what they observe!• A funny example...
Key Concept: Self-Efficacy A person’s belief that they can successfully perform behaviors that will produce desired effects. Judgment of personal capacity. Typically people will not try to do things they do not believe they can do. Self concept arises from past accomplishments. Contribute to academic confidence and success.
What this means for educators It is important to foster the development of self- efficacy. Create a sense of empowerment in the classroom. Challenge students, and always maintain confidence in their abilities to rise above challenges. Tell them this! Celebrate and acknowledge when children perform to the best of their ability and conquer challenges.
Applying Bandura’s theories in the classroom Carefully select audiovisuals that are to be used in the classroom. Create a sense of collective-efficacy by emphasizing team work. Set goals for students to accomplish, have them keep a record of these accomplishments. Once a month take the record out and celebrate their hard work. Incorporate technology by putting the students challenges and accomplishments online on the class website so they can show their friends and family.
Works CitedEngler, Barbara. Personality Theories: An Introduction. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 2009. Print.Shelly, Gary B., Glenda A. Gunter, and Randolph E. Gunter. Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology in a Connected World. Boston, MA: Course Technology Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.