Quentin D. Wheeler - ZooBank and the Taxonomic Renaissance

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Quentin D. Wheeler - ZooBank and the Taxonomic Renaissance

  1. 1. ZooBank and theTaxonomic RenaissanceQuentin WheelerKeeper and Head of EntomologyThe Natural History Museum, London
  2. 2. 010020030040050060070080090010001000 SPPINSECTSARTHROANIMALSPLANTSFUNGIOTHER
  3. 3. 00.511.522.53known unknownspecies inmillions
  4. 4. AppliedTaxonomyBasicTaxonomyServices &Problem-solvingCuriosity-driven
  5. 5. Taxonomy’s “Grand Challenge” Questions
  6. 6. Grand Challenge Questions• What species exist?• Phylogeny?• Character Δ history?• Distribution ingeographic, ecologicalspace?• Δ distribution?• Informative, predictiveclassification/names?
  7. 7. Need for reliable taxonomyinformation is urgent•environmental sciences•biodiversity conservation•management natural products•inform public policy•evolutionary (historical) frameworkfor biology
  8. 8. TAXONOMYCLASSIFICATIONS,NAMESExperimental BiologyProblem SolvingspeciesphylogenycharactersID’sinforeference systemID’s
  9. 9. Taxonomic services• identifications• reference system• biodiversity language• collections (vouchers)Human &environmental welfare• problem-solving• resources• security• nature enjoymentBasic biology• ecology & ecosystem science• genetics & evolution• developmental biology• behavior & neurobiologyApplied biology• agriculture• biomedicine• conservation biology• natural resourcemanagementBiodiversity patterns Biodiversity processes
  10. 10. What are constraints?Access:•Existing species, names & literature•Specimens & specimen data•Instrumentation•Colleagues•Timely, complete, reliableinformation
  11. 11. E-monography:modernizeimprove efficiencyenable collaborative research
  12. 12. e-monographye-monographyCyber f aci l i t at edTaxonomi c Exper tNet wor kCur at edCol l ect i onsCur at edVi r t ualMonogr aph( Taxonomi c‘ Knowl edge Base’ )monogr aphsf i el d gui descheckl i st smapsmor phol ogi cal i magesand anal ysesI D t ool suser def i ned:
  13. 13. TAXONOMY CKCCyberinfrastructure-enabled Knowledge CommunityHighperformancecomputingservicesData, info,knowledgemanagementservicesObservation,measurement& fabricationservicesInterfaces,visualizationservicesCollaborativeservicesNetworking, Operating system, MiddlewareBase technology: computation, storage, communication= cyberinfrastructure (CI)
  14. 14. Cyber-infrastructureCollections/specimen infoSpecies descriptions(=hypotheses)PhylogeneticclassificationIDsapplied taxonomybasic taxonomyinfrastructureresearch & scholarship
  15. 15. Virtual Species Observatory (= Σcollections)‘See’ Across all Scales: Geography | Ecosystems | Time
  16. 16. Known SpeciesUnknown SpeciesSpecimensSpecimen-DataZooBankInventories (e.g.,PBIs)Images, remote systemsInformatics (e.g., GBIF)LiteraturePhylogenetic ClassificationsNomenclatureDescriptionsDigital librariesE-publicationsInformatics (e.g., GBIF)E-publicationsACCESS CONSTRAINTS: SOLUTIONS:
  17. 17. CI (cyber-infrastructure) willtransform how we do, think aboutand use taxonomic information &knowledge

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