Sherborn: Knapp - New workflows for "gold-standard" taxonomy


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  • Eugene Delacroix – Liberty leading the People (1830)
  • PBI Solanum : A worldwide treatment was tasked with producing a global monograph of Solanum . Effectively taking the genus Solanum and describing it, by describing groups within it and groups within those, which are in turn described by describing the species themselves, based funnily enough of descriptions of specimen objects collected from living plants Weapon of choice Microsoft Word Take Solanum section Geminata . Produced in the late 1990’s and published in 2002 written entirely in Microsoft Word, from keys to names lists to natural language descriptions and even lists of the specimens examined (and yes… that is as scary as it sounds…) But the same goes for a number of other Solanum treatments in existence, researchers are using Microsoft Word as a matter of course to generate material for publication, and I am fairly certain that many researchers would be extremely reluctant to stop using it unless the alternative is as easy to use and helps them achieve publication which unfortunately is often the only measure of their efforts. Community building –
  • What if there is 10 times the number of discovered species on Earth, as is estimated by field biologists?
  • Sherborn: Knapp - New workflows for "gold-standard" taxonomy

    1. 1. New workflows for “gold-standard” taxonomy
    2. 4. What is a monograph? <ul><li>mono – single </li></ul><ul><li>graph – writing </li></ul><ul><li>One place where all the sum total of knowledge of a topic is presented </li></ul><ul><li>“a single document that forms a complete text in itself” </li></ul>
    3. 6. Phylogeny after Weese & Bohs, 2007 Americas Eurasia Australia Africa Global 100% support Leptostemonum clade Brevantherum clade Geminata clade Cyphomandra clade Wendlandii/Allophyllum clade Dulcamaroid clade Morelloid clade Potato clade African non-spiny clade Normania clade Archaesolanum clade Regmandra clade Thelopodium clade Lycianthes Capsicum Jaltomata Witheringia Physalis
    4. 17. Data Model for taxonomic information using TDWG and other standards Weitzman & Lyal, 2007
    5. 18. From print... Knapp, S. 2002. Solanum section Geminata (G. Don) Walpers (Solanaceae). Flora Neotropica Monograph. 84: 1-405. Accepted name, synonyms and notes
    6. 19. to bits... Nomenclature notes Synonym of Taxonomic status Synonym category Legitimacy Validity Type collection (duplicates) Protologue citation Authority Latin name Taxon name and status
    7. 20. to bits... [Synonym of]* [Protologue citation]* Authority* Taxon name Editor* Accepted taxon name* Publication* Author * Species description Bibliography Bibliography* Species description* Citations Collection location* Collectors* Collection events Collection event* Duplicate specimens Herbaria* Type for species* Duplicate specimen * Determined by* Taxon name* Determination Locality* Species description* Distribution Herbaria Multimedia author(s)* Multimedia Common names Person(s) Geography(s)
    8. 21. Species names list [+status] to bits... Species concept Collections or specimens list Multimedia list Bibliography list Map Bibliography viewer Collection details & specimens Multimedia viewer
    9. 23.
    10. 26. Elements we need to do…. <ul><li>Nomenclature (what names are accepted, which are synonyms) </li></ul><ul><li>Typification </li></ul><ul><li>Description (synthesis of morphology) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of specimens to illustrate concept </li></ul><ul><li>?? </li></ul>
    11. 29. © NHM
    12. 32. Other “essential” elements… <ul><li>Specimens in database (or cited) </li></ul><ul><li>Distributions (maps) </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrations (types, drawings, photos?) </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular data </li></ul><ul><li>Phylogenetics </li></ul><ul><li>Protologues </li></ul>
    13. 38. 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 5 10 15 20 1.8 18 Known species (millions) L. Kristalka – University of Kansas UNDISCOVERED 
    14. 39. 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 5 10 15 20 1.8 18 Known species (millions) L. Kristalka – University of Kansas ? Something has to happen here
    15. 42. Thanks to….. Solanum PBI people NHM, Utah, Wisconsin, NYBG SYNTHESYS – European Community FP6 National Science Foundation