Catriona MacCallum - Open-access publishing and copyright


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Catriona MacCallum - Open-access publishing and copyright

  1. 1. Open-access publishing andcopyrightCatriona MacCallumPublic Library of Sciencewww.plos.orgEuropean Editorial Office7 Portugal PlaceCambridgeCB5 8AF, UK+44 (0)1223
  2. 2. IF=13.9
  3. 3. STM publishing is changing - thepromise of the internet• Reduced costs, globaldistribution (one copy servesall who connect)• Potential for Archiving andSearching new and oldliterature (Google Scholar)• Improved format for datapresentation, opportunitiesfor other novel features• Text- and data-mining• ZooBank…
  4. 4. What is open access?• Free and unrestricted access online• Readers/users are licensed to download,print, copy, redistribute, etc.• Author retains copyright (Creativecommons Licence -• Papers are deposited in a public onlinedatabaseBased on the Bethesda Principles, April 2003
  5. 5. SUMMARY OF THE CREATIVE COMMONSATTRIBUTION LICENSE• to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work• to make derivative works• to make commercial use of the workUnder the following conditions:Attribution. You must give the original authorcredit.– For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear toothers the license terms of this work.– Any of these conditions can be waived if you getpermission from the author.Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above.You are free:
  6. 6. • Copyright: © 2004 Moorthy et al. This isan open-access article distributed underthe terms of the Creative CommonsAttribution License, which permitsunrestricted use, distribution, andreproduction in any medium, provided theoriginal work is properly cited.
  7. 7. NoncommercialYou let others copy, distribute,display, and perform your work —and derivative works based upon it— but for noncommercial purposesonly
  8. 8. ResearcherPublisherReader££Pay-per-view£Subscription£LibrarySubscription journalsGovFundersInstitutions£
  9. 9. Open access journalsPublishingis the finalstep in aresearchprojectResearcherPublisherReader£PublicDigitalLibraryGovFundersInstitutions£Fees are waived for those without access to funding
  10. 10. Transition state economicsOpen accessSubscription-based?
  11. 11. Barriers to open access• Publishers - commercial success• Societies - publishing supports them• Libraries – uncertainties about funding• Funding agencies - don’t fund publishing• Authors - submitting to a new journal
  12. 12. Catalysts for change• New publishers– Biomed Central, Public Library of Science• Existing publishers– Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences– Oxford University Press, Company of Biologists, Blackwell• Societies– Entomological Society of America• Funding agencies– Wellcome Trust, Howard Hughes Medical Institute• UK inquiry, European Commission• Institutions, libraries, scientists and physicians• Developments in the UK…
  13. 13. Wellcome Trust (Oct 1, 2005)• Papers must be deposited in PMC• Must be publicly accessible within 6months• Establishing UK PMC• Provides additional funds for authorswhose work is published in OA journals• OA agreement with Blackwell, Springerand OUP– Wellcome “approves” these OA options as PMCcompliant– Money is available for authors from their institution– Wellcome has deposited £30,000 at the “top 30” UKinstitutions– money is made available direct to other institutionsWellcome Trust FAQ on OA -
  14. 14. Key features of proposed RCUKpolicy (2005)• Mandate deposition of accepted articlesinto Institutional Repositories– “subject to copyright and licensing arrangements”• Grants (awarded after Oct 1st, 2005) caninclude the costs of publishing for OAjournalsbut…publishers and some societies have been lobbyinghard against the RCUK policy
  15. 15. Publisher Initiatives - Hybrids• Blackwell– 665 Societies, 805 journals– Online Open (80 journals)– $2500 publication fee• Oxford University Press– 180 journals (2/3 with societies)– Nucleic Acids Research fully OA from 2005– Oxford Open (42 journals and rising)– $2800 publication fee• Springer– Open Choice (all 1200+ journals)– $3000 publication fee• Proceedings of the National Academy ofSciences- Open Access Option: $1000 plus page and colourcharges; $750 with site license
  16. 16. Int’l Funding Agencies thatSupport OA (from BioMedCentral)Canadian Institutes of Health Research (Canada)Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (Spain)Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy)Danmarks Grundforskningsfond (Denmark)Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany)Fondazione Telethon (Italy)Fonds zur Forderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung(Austria)Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (Belgium)Health Research Board (Ireland)Howard Hughes Medical Institute (US)International Human Frontier Science Program Organization(International)Israel Science Foundation (Israel)National Health Service (UK)National Institutes of Health (US) National Science Foundation(US)Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek(Netherlands)Rockefeller Foundation (US)South African Medical Research Council (South Africa)Suomen Akatemia (Finland)Swiss National Science Foundation (Switzerland)Vetenskapsrådet (Sweden)Wellcome Trust (UK)
  17. 17. PLoS and ZooBank• PLoS will require authors to submit copiesof relevant articles/print resolution figuresetc to ZooBank on publication [online]• New Launch 2006-2007– High volume– Cost efficient– Fast– Peer-reviewed– An open access venue for all scientific literature– Including species descriptions
  18. 18. Authors Licensing and CollectingSociety• Jane Carr of ALCS read out a typical copyrightagreement, telling us that "the practice of assignmentby some publishers takes away all the rights of anauthor, if I can quote Without limitation, any form ofelectronic exploitation, distribution or transmission, notknown or invented in the future, all other intellectualproperty rights in such contributions… and so on".• Quote from an ALCS member who had reported that"the only journal I challenged over assigning copyrightagreed to assign it to me as long as I understood thatthey would not publish me again. Academic publishingis, from an authors perspective, a complete rip-off".From House of Commons Report 2004