Remember! Plagiarism is using and not acknowledging other people’s work.
Look at this picture and think of this common scenario. You are a Year 5 teacher and your class is studying about Australian animals. You instruct your class to write an information report and to research about it. Sarah goes on google and types in “ Emu”. She clicks on the first link and copies and pastes the paragraphs. She goes to another website and copies and pastes. She changes the font and deletes a few words and then hands in the information report.
Let grandma be proud.
Talk about the 9 digital themes of digital citizenship according to Ribble (2003). Provide a quick summary of each point.
Refer to tea and chocolate joke.
A CRASH COURSE INPLAGIARISMDIGITAL CITIZENSHIP ISSUE: PROTECTING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYPresenter: Irene Lu, the teacher librarian
INTRODUCTIONThis presentation is to help you as an educator: to be aware of what constitutes as plagiarism; to understand the importance of preventing plagiarism in yourclassroom; and to find out how your teacher librarian can assist you instopping plagiarism.
WHAT IS PLAGIARISM?Plagiarism occurs when a person uses anotherperson’s work, words or ideas and passes it off as hisown without acknowledging the original author(Charles Sturt University, 2013).
EXAMPLES OF PLAGIARISMExamples of plagiarism include, but are notlimited to the following:cutting phrases, sentences, or paragraphs from another sourceand pasting these into an assignment directly; paraphrasing ideas from a source/or sources withoutacknowledgement; and/or submitting an assignment that someone else completed orsubmitting someone’s assignment (Charles SturtUniversity, 2013).
HOW DOES PLAGIARISM APPLY IN THECLASSROOM?Possible reasons why and how students plagiarise:Information is at our fingertips. It is easier to copy and pasteparagraphs of writing than gathering the different ideas and thenphrasing it into their own wording (Dowshen, 2011).Students are not aware that they are plagiarising.It could be accidental whereupon the student does not cite referencesaccurately (Charles Sturt University, 2013).
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO STOPPLAGIARISM?Plagiarism is like cheating (Dowshen, 2011).We should take the responsibility to educatestudents to be honest and have the integrity toacknowledge other people’s hard work (Charles SturtUniversity, 2013) .Think of our students’ future.Academic institutions take plagiarism seriously and it can lead toa fail grade or exclusion from the university (Charles SturtUniversity, 2013) .
FOR STUDENTS TO BE GOODDIGITAL CITIZENSAccording to Ribble (2013) there are nine themes ofdigital citizenship: Digital Access Digital Commerce Digital Communication Digital Literacy process of teaching and learning abouttechnology and the use of technology. Digital Etiquette Digital Law: electronic responsibility for actions and deeds Digital Rights & Responsibilities Digital Health & Wellness Digital Security (self-protection)
FOR STUDENTS TO BE GOODDIGITAL CITIZENSIn particular, the issue of plagiarism links with DigitalLaw and Digital Literacy. Digital LawWe want students to be ethical users of the web (Ribble, 2013).Digital LiteracyWe need to educate our students to be information literate andto have the skills to use and reference information appropriately(Ribble, 2013).
HOW CAN YOUR TEACHERLIBRARIAN HELP YOU?Provide professional development to help teachers understandplagiarism.Collaborate with classroom teachers to educate students aboutplagiarism and that it is not acceptable. “Ethical behaviour in the useof information must be taught (as cited in American Association ofSchool Librarians, 2007).” Plan with classroom teachers to design learning activities thatreduces the opportunity for students to plagiarise (Johnson, 2004). Monitor and introduce a software tool to check for plagiarism(Charles Sturt University, 2013).
CONCLUSIONDigital technologies has enabled information to be readilyaccessible. In order for our students to be good digitalcitizens, we need to educate our students to be informationliterate and be ethical users of information (AmericanAssociation of School Librarians, 2007). This includes teachingstudents about plagiarism by citing other people’s ideasappropriately and collaborating with your teacher librarian toprevent plagiarism occurring in your classroom.
DISCUSSION POINTS Do we need to teach students to use APA style ofreferencing? What types of activities gives students lessopportunities to plagiarise? How do we get parents involved in reinforcing thatplagiarism is not acceptable?
REFERENCE LIST ANDRECOMMENDED READINGSAmerican Association of School Librarians. (2007). Standards for the 21st-century learner.Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/aasl/guidelinesandstandards/learningstandards/standardsCharles Sturt University (2013). Guide to avoiding plagiarism. Retrieved fromhttp://student.csu.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/186501/CSU_GuideToAvoidingPlagiarism.pdfDowshen, S. (2011). Kids Health. Retrieved fromhttp://kidshealth.org/kid/feeling/school/plagiarism.html# Johnson, D. (2004). Plagiarism-Proofing Assignments. Retrieved fromhttp://www.doug-johnson.com/dougwri/plagiarism-proofing-assignments.htmlRibble, M. (2013). Digital citizenship: using technology appropriately. Retrieved fromhttp://digitalcitizenship.net/Nine_Elements.html
FURTHER REFERENCE LIST AND THANKS TO:Combes, B. (2013). ETL523 Assignment proposal feedback. Unpublished.Microsoft Corporation (2003). Clipart images. Retrieved fromhttp://office.microsoft.com/en-au/images/