Joint ITU-T SG 13 and ISO/JTC1/SC 6                        Workshop on              “Future Networks Standardization”     ...
Outline       Socio-economic Awareness       Design Goals and Objectives in Y.3001       Scope of Y.FNsocioeconomic       ...
Socio-economic Awareness (1)                                                                            Stakeholders with ...
Socio-economic Awareness (2)       Traditional engineering goals (technology       design)           Effectiveness        ...
Design Goals and Objectives in Y.3001       „Future Networks: Objectives and Design Goals“       Objectives               ...
Scope of Y.FNsocioeconomic       Y.3001 lists...           Candidate technologies           But no methods to achieve goal...
Proposed Structure       Summary       Scope       References       Definitions       Abbreviations and acronyms       Con...
Tussle Evolution: Bandwidth Sharing                      peer-to-peer                                                     ...
Tussle Analysis Meta-method                  Functionality I                        Functionality II          Step 1: Iden...
Conclusions and Recommendation       Engineers need to...           Be aware of socio-economic aspects of           techno...
Thank you for your attention!           Questions?           Comments?        Find more information on socio-economics    ...
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Socio-Economic Aware Design of Future Network Technology (Y.FNsocioeconomic)

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  • Traditional engineering goals like effectiveness, efficiency, modularity, security have been and will be essential for meeting the objectives of technology-based infrastructures As infrastructures extend their scope to include socio-economic interactions and their reach to a wider group of participants, the above engineering goals are interpreted in many, diverse ways. For example security in networking involves integrity of communicated data, but trust issues as well. Similarly modularity is associated with easier identification and correction of faults, but brings more flexibility in business models as well (for instance enables virtualization). Thus, understanding the socio-economic aspects of technologies can give a more complete picture of the ecosystem. Ignoring such aspects can lead to technologies that do not match the market and policy makers’ needs, negatively affecting their adoption and long-term success.
  • ----- Besprechungsnotizen (01.04.12 18:12) ----- Contention Control Repurposing Responsibility
  • Socio-Economic Aware Design of Future Network Technology (Y.FNsocioeconomic)

    1. 1. Joint ITU-T SG 13 and ISO/JTC1/SC 6 Workshop on “Future Networks Standardization” (Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012) Socio-Economic Aware Design of Future Network Technology (Y.FNsocioeconomic) Martin Waldburger, University of Zurich, Editor of Y.FNsocioeconomic in Q21/13, waldburger@ifi.uzh.chGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012
    2. 2. Outline Socio-economic Awareness Design Goals and Objectives in Y.3001 Scope of Y.FNsocioeconomic Proposed Structure Tussle Evolution: Bandwidth Sharing Tussle Analysis Meta-method Conclusions and Recommendation Q&AGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 2
    3. 3. Socio-economic Awareness (1) Stakeholders with End-users ISPs Regulators ASPs … varying socio- economic interests Out-of-network socio-economic interactions Technology choicesSocio-economic (including investments,layer configurations)Technology Technology outputs (connectivity, QoS,layer mobility, security, etc.) Network Middle application boxes Network s Firewall Technology protocols s components Links Routers Switches Servers 3G towers Socio-economic layer is governed by laws of socio-economics, while technology layer by laws of physics Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 3
    4. 4. Socio-economic Awareness (2) Traditional engineering goals (technology design) Effectiveness Efficiency Modularity Security Technology will reach multiple stakeholders Different interpretations of goals Different incentives Stakeholders tussles engage in Different choices Understanding socio-economic aspects Complete view on ecosystem Assess technology adoption and long- term successGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 4
    5. 5. Design Goals and Objectives in Y.3001 „Future Networks: Objectives and Design Goals“ Objectives ... to reduce barriers to entry for the various actors involved in the network ecosystem. Service awareness ... to reduce life cycle costs in order for them to be deployable and sustainable. Data awareness ... allow appropriate competition and an appropriate Environmental awareness return for all actors Social and economic awareness Design goals Service diversity FNs are recommended to be designed to provide a Functional flexibility sustainable competition environment for solving Virtualization of resources tussles among the range of participants in the ICT/telecommunictaion ecosystem Data access Rationale: Many technologies have failed to be Energy consumption deployed, flourish, or be sustainable because of inadequate or inappropriate decisions of the Service universalization architect, ... Economic incentives Sufficient attention therefore needs to be paid to Network management economic and social aspects such as economic incentives in designing and implementing the Mobility requirements, architecture, and protocol of FNs in order to provide a sustainable competition Optimization environment to the various participants Identification ReliabilityGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 5
    6. 6. Scope of Y.FNsocioeconomic Y.3001 lists... Candidate technologies But no methods to achieve goals and objectives „Socio-Economic Aware Design of Future Network Technology“ This Recommendation lists methods to achieve socio-economic design goals and objectives for Future Networks (FNs). When a candidate FN technology is provided, the methods listed provide a structured approach •to anticipate at technology design time the socio-economic impact of the technology taking into account the relevant set of stakeholders, tussles emerging among them, and the range of available choices, •to anticipate either a stable and incentives-compatible or an unstable outcome resulting from deploying the technology, •to identify potential spillover (unwanted) effects from the technology’s primary functionality to another functionality, •and to help design technology for Future Networks that is in-line with the respective socio-economic design goals and objectives.Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 6
    7. 7. Proposed Structure Summary Scope References Definitions Abbreviations and acronyms Conventions Introduction Socio-economic Aware Deployment of Future Network Technology Design for Tussle Technology Deployment Cycle Tussle concept Tussle Evolution Tussle Analysis Meta-method Stakeholder Identification Methods Methods to Tussle Identification Methods implement steps Tussle Impact and Tussle Evolution Methods of tussle analysis Appendix: Methods OverviewGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 7
    8. 8. Tussle Evolution: Bandwidth Sharing peer-to-peer p2p users get p2p users configure (p2p) users applications to open p2p applications disproportionatestrategies/policies multiple TCP configured to bandwidth share Tussle outcome ? connections for the perform traffic Stakeholders’ same session obfuscation ISPs throttle bandwidth of p2p fair ISP applications by using bandwidth (neutral entity) What if ISPs deploy p2p DPI technology sharing applications motivate multiple congestion exposure technologies & congestion pricing schemes? ? interactive interactive TCP connections for users get users the same session disproportionate Functionality: bandwidth sharing bandwidth sharestrategies/policies Tussle outcome ISPs Regulator announces fines due Stakeholders’ to VoIP providers‘ complaints Regulator ISPs use DPI technology no to degrade quality of discrimination rival VoIP services ASPs Functionality: VoIP service delivery Functionality Stable outcome Evolves Initial state Unstable outcome Affects Geneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 8
    9. 9. Tussle Analysis Meta-method Functionality I Functionality II Step 1: Identify all primary stakeholder roles and their characteristics for the functionality under investigation new iteration spillover Step 2: Identify tussles among identified stakeholders tussle tussle tussle tussle Step 3: For each tussle assess the impact to each stakeholder and potential spilloversGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 9
    10. 10. Conclusions and Recommendation Engineers need to... Be aware of socio-economic aspects of technology Consider socio-economics in technology design For the goal of... Long-term success by incentive compatibility Assessment of adoption potential Sustainable competition environment Recommendation Y.FNsocioeconomic Methods to achieve socio-economic goals, objectives Tussle analysis (meta-method) Several methods to implement tussle analysisGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 10
    11. 11. Thank you for your attention! Questions? Comments? Find more information on socio-economics on http://www.seserv.orgGeneva, Switzerland, 11 June 2012 11

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