WRITING
<ul><li>-PUNCTUATION- </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End Marks </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Co...
<ul><li>End Marks </li></ul><ul><li>1. Periods (.) </li></ul><ul><li>ex : Pizza is my favorite food. </li></ul><ul><li>2. ...
B. Commas (,) 1. Use a comma to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun. ex : Jupiter is a large, strange planet....
C. Semicolons (;) 1. Use a semicolons between the parts of a compound sentence if they are not joined by  and, but, or  an...
D. Colons (:) 1. Use a colon before list of items, especially after expression like as  follows  and the  following . ex :...
E. Italics 1. Use italics for titles of books, periodicals, works of art, ships, and so on. ex :  Harry Potter  is one of ...
F. Quotation Marks (“…”) 1. Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation – a person’s exact words. ex : “When the bel...
G. Apostrophes ( ‘ ) 1. to show owner ship or relationship. ex :  the baby’s toy mice ‘s tracks cats’ basket 2. to show wh...
H. Hyphens (-) 1. Use a hyphen to divide a word at the end of a line. ex : In my opinion, this salad needs  cu- cumber. 2....
<ul><li>Dash ( -- ) </li></ul><ul><li>1. to make a certain piece of information more stressful or more dramatic. </li></ul...
J. Stroke (/) 1. may be used to show alternatives; it is often replaced by the word  or . ex : To begin a formal letter, w...
K. Omission Marks (…) 1.  The three dots may imply that omission occurs there and then. ex : “Language … a set of rules … ...
L. Brackets ( ) 1. Can indicate something optional ex : Could you help me (to) remove  the box ? 2. Be used to show an aft...
<ul><li>M. Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Put the appropriate punctuation in the following sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Can yo...
<ul><li>Can you name a play by William Shakespeare ? </li></ul><ul><li>The pilot boarded the plane, checked her instrument...
References  Faulkner, Claude W. (1957).  Writing Good Sentence . New York: Charles Scribner’s sons George, E. Wishon, and ...
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Ict blog319(writing)

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Ict blog319(writing)

  1. 1. WRITING
  2. 2. <ul><li>-PUNCTUATION- </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>End Marks </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Semicolons </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colons </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Italics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quotation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apostrophes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hyphens </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dash </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Omission Marks </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brackets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>End Marks </li></ul><ul><li>1. Periods (.) </li></ul><ul><li>ex : Pizza is my favorite food. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Question marks (?) </li></ul><ul><li>ex : What time is it ? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Exclamation (!) </li></ul><ul><li>ex : How clever you are ! </li></ul>
  4. 4. B. Commas (,) 1. Use a comma to separate two or more adjectives preceding a noun. ex : Jupiter is a large, strange planet. 2. Use a comma before and, but, or, nor, for and yet when they join the parts of a compound sentence. ex : Betty offered to get the tickets, and I accepted gratefully. 3. Use commas to set of expressions that interrupt the sentence. ex : Our neighbor, Taylor Swift, is a good singer.
  5. 5. C. Semicolons (;) 1. Use a semicolons between the parts of a compound sentence if they are not joined by and, but, or and yet. ex : After school I went to play station; then I studied in my room for an hour. 2. A semicolons may be needed to separate the parts of a compound sentence if there are commas within the parts. ex : I wrote to Ann, Beth, and Meg; and Jean notified Terry and Sue.
  6. 6. D. Colons (:) 1. Use a colon before list of items, especially after expression like as follows and the following . ex : A search showed that Jack’s pocket contain the following: a knife, half an apple, a piece of gum, and a bottle of mineral water. 2. Use a colon between the hour and the minute when you write the time. ex : 8:30 A.M., 10:00 P.M. 3. Use a colon after a salutation of a business letter. ex : Dear sir:
  7. 7. E. Italics 1. Use italics for titles of books, periodicals, works of art, ships, and so on. ex : Harry Potter is one of my favorite novels.
  8. 8. F. Quotation Marks (“…”) 1. Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation – a person’s exact words. ex : “When the bell rings”, said the teacher, “leave the room quietly.” 2. A direct quotation begins with a capital letter. ex : Maria said, “ The frame isn’t strong enough.” 3. A period or a comma following a quotation should be place inside the closing quotation marks. ex : The man replied, “I’m ready.”
  9. 9. G. Apostrophes ( ‘ ) 1. to show owner ship or relationship. ex : the baby’s toy mice ‘s tracks cats’ basket 2. to show where letters have been omitted in a contraction ex : there is there’s is not isn’t will not won’t
  10. 10. H. Hyphens (-) 1. Use a hyphen to divide a word at the end of a line. ex : In my opinion, this salad needs cu- cumber. 2. Use a hyphen with compound numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine and with fractions used as adjectives. ex : There are twenty-nine days in February.
  11. 11. <ul><li>Dash ( -- ) </li></ul><ul><li>1. to make a certain piece of information more stressful or more dramatic. </li></ul><ul><li>ex : Do not forget–once again do not forget–to post the letter today. </li></ul><ul><li>The kangaroo–the native animal of Australia–can jump extremely quickly. </li></ul>
  12. 12. J. Stroke (/) 1. may be used to show alternatives; it is often replaced by the word or . ex : To begin a formal letter, we may write Dear Sir/Madam if we do not know who the receiver is.
  13. 13. K. Omission Marks (…) 1. The three dots may imply that omission occurs there and then. ex : “Language … a set of rules … for communication,&quot; the definition read. 2. It is especially useful when we intend to quote certain parts or words that somebody else has said or written. ex : The most important part of speech is the verb …” Hornsby said. 3. The three dots may represent something irrelevant or unnecessary. ex : “… two kinds of complements, namely, the subject complement and the object complement,” they concluded.
  14. 14. L. Brackets ( ) 1. Can indicate something optional ex : Could you help me (to) remove the box ? 2. Be used to show an after-thought or comment ex : The book said that when she was nineteen (in fact she was twenty-one), she married the writer.
  15. 15. <ul><li>M. Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Put the appropriate punctuation in the following sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you name a play by William Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>The pilot boarded the plane checked her instruments and prepared for takeoff </li></ul><ul><li>Gendis books are stolen </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite sports are the following basketball fencing golf and diving </li></ul><ul><li>Are you surprised asked Mr. Sulistiyo </li></ul><ul><li>Congress may overrule a president’s veto by a two third majority </li></ul><ul><li>What a beautiful girl she is </li></ul><ul><li>by filling our bladders during the night </li></ul>Go to answer
  16. 16. <ul><li>Can you name a play by William Shakespeare ? </li></ul><ul><li>The pilot boarded the plane, checked her instruments, and prepared for takeoff. </li></ul><ul><li>Gendis books are stolen. </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite sports are the following: basketball, fencing golf, and diving. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Are you surprised ?” asked Mr. Sulistiyo. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress may overrule a president’s veto by a two - third majority. </li></ul><ul><li>What a beautiful girl she is ! </li></ul><ul><li>(by filling our bladders during the night) </li></ul>
  17. 17. References Faulkner, Claude W. (1957). Writing Good Sentence . New York: Charles Scribner’s sons George, E. Wishon, and Julia, M. Burks. (1980). Let’s Write English . Writing College Workbook. Second Edition. Oshima, A and Hogue A. (2006). Writing Academic English . Fourth edition. New York: Pearson Education Inc.

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