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WHITE PAPER Cloud 9    NINE REASONS TO TAKE     THE CLOUD SERIOUSLY                  OCTOBER 2010              www.encanva...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                       Contents                       Overv...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                                     Overview       The IT ...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                                      Introduction         ...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                                     The fundamental pillar...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                                      The 9 Good Reasons   ...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                                      Is Cloud Computing go...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                                       4. Clouds are greene...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                                       6. The cloud is easi...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                                      9. The cloud is safer...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                       Conclusion                       The...
WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously                       Contact Information                 ...
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Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously_White Paper

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Private sector businesses and Government departments around the world are under pressure to achieve the improbable - deliver improvements in the quality of services to citizens while finding sizeable cashable efficiency savings. Cloud computing is a paradigm shift in the way information management systems are architected and is heralded as the saviour of IT budgets. So what are the practical operational advantages of Cloud technology?

This paper examines nine very good reasons why it makes sense to take cloud computing seriously.

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Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously_White Paper

  1. 1. WHITE PAPER Cloud 9 NINE REASONS TO TAKE THE CLOUD SERIOUSLY OCTOBER 2010 www.encanvas.com
  2. 2. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously Contents Overview......................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................... 4 The 9 Good Reasons ........................................................................................ 6 Conclusion .................................................................................................... 11 Contact information ...................................................................................... 12© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 2
  3. 3. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously Overview The IT industry has put its Private sector businesses and Government departments around the world are under marketing machine behind pressure to achieve the improbable - deliver improvements in the quality of services cloud computing making it to citizens while finding sizeable cashable efficiency savings. Cloud computing is a one of the biggest IT hype curves ever. So does the paradigm shift in the way information management systems are architected and is cloud have a silver lining? heralded as the saviour of IT budgets. So what are the practical operational advantages of Cloud technology? This paper examines nine very good reasons why it makes sense to take cloud computing seriously.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 3
  4. 4. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously Introduction What is the cloud? The cloud is used in computing context as a metaphor for a virtualized computing Cloud computing versus web server hosting – what’s the system that is seemingly always available to users anywhere and at any time. difference? Instead of procuring and maintaining web server platforms internally, organizations and individuals are able to procure their computing resources on a pay-for-use basis. The essential difference between virtualized cloud computing infrastructures and traditional web hosting is the ability of this new genre of platforms to pool resources between different tenants and applications (so-called multi-tenant applications). A componentization of hosting resource building blocks means that if one tenant requires more computing capacity while another wants less, the platform is able to bring its capacity to bear as required. This means that utilization of computing resources is optimized while the experience for tenants is that applications can seemingly scale forever without thoughts or concerns over processing capacity, memory capacity or other such non-trivial matters that whilst important are not core to their business. With the cloud comes a new bag of technologies Discussions on cloud computing inherit topics related to the advancement of web-based technologies that have occurred over recent years such as the emergence of Web 2.0 applications and AJAX web programming that enable more fluid user interface experiences. Adoption of programming innovations and smarter ways of using known technologies – finding better ways to create applications, deploy applications, secure applications etc. – means that cloud computing is no longer simply about infrastructure and hosting, it represents a collection of new technology-led approaches.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 4
  5. 5. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously The fundamental pillars of cloud computing are: Infrastructure as a Service Delivering the multi-tenant hosting environment and providing appropriate levels of backup, storage, security provisioning, processing capacity, resource pooling etc. – supplied to tenants on a pay-for-use basis. Examples include Amazon EC2, theRackspaceCloud and Microsoft Azure. Platform-as-a-Service Applications platforms are a new concept in computing. They are software platforms that manage the life-cycle of applications design, deployment and operation in a single integrated platform that are charged to customers on a pay- for-use basis. Examples include Salesforce.com’s Force.com, Encanvas Secure&Live, Microsoft Azure AppFabric and Google AppEngine. Software-as-a-Service These are applications delivered to customers on the cloud in the form of a service made available on a pay-for-use basis. There are a number of organizations that now provide SaaS platforms that house a number of applications. Examples include iGoogle, Zoho, Squork, Salesforce and 37signals. Types of cloud A cloud for every occasion… In a little over a year since the beginning of its hype-curve , the IT industry has begun to make sense of definitions of what a cloud i. Types of cloud have emerged all of which are using the same platform architectures but are providing deployment options geared to suit differing user communities. These are: Public Cloud Cloud platforms that share their resources with public tenants where tenant might be an individual or organizations. Private Cloud Cloud platforms that are provided by a cloud service provider for the exclusive use of an organization for their community of tenants. Custom Cloud A custom cloud is a platform based on cloud technologies deployed by an organization itself rather than hosted by a third party. This scenario is more prevalent in highly secure environments such as defence and government installations where the likelihood of third parties accessing data is of too great a risk to consider.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 5
  6. 6. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously The 9 Good Reasons 1. Clouds cost less The obvious benefit of cloud computing are associated with infrastructure savings when compared to traditional in-sourcing of hosting for business applications. For organizations that insource their information systems hosting, it means largely removing (not off-setting) costs such as:  No on-site hosting hardware and software o Associated procurement costs o Configuration costs o Maintenance costs o Power costs o Upgrade costs o Disaster recovery and backup provisioning  No associated staff costs o Recruitment o Salary and benefits o Training and technical qualifications o Succession o Associated risks brought about by dependencies on staff skills (people leaving or sick that possess essential knowledge of how hosting platforms are configured and how they operate…)  No facility related costs o Physical office space o Site security o Site heating and lighting In addition to cost reductions, virtual hosting brings additional advantages of reducing risk by:  Removing knowledge bleed (particularly implicit knowledge – the knowledge people carry around in their heads)  Removing risk of a fire or natural disaster that destroys the hosting site Cloud computing gives  Removing risk of loss of data due to external attack, mistakes or organizations of any size interventions access to the latest technology for their Adopting a cloud computing service can mean that organizations inherit information management technology leadership and competencies they could scarcely afford for their systems. In this way it democratizes IT. business directly but benefit from the economies of scale enjoyed by vendors to pursue excellence in IT hosting approaches with the revenues to fund innovation at a faster pace.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 6
  7. 7. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously Is Cloud Computing good news for organizations that use external hosting? While the rewards of moving to cloud computer are fewer Arguments for cloud hosting services are compelling when compared to for already virtualized traditional in-sourcing. But what about organizations that have already migrated operations, there are still economic advantages to be to hosted service provision? How do the economic benefits of the cloud stack up realized. then? For organizations that are already to some extent ‘virtual’ it comes down to scale of economies and the agility of cloud computing to enable EVEN more virtualization. The cloud enables the outsourcing of more applications and greater optimisation of shared resources so that organizations have the opportunity to port more applications to a hosted model, and they’re able to call on more resources as they need them (on-demand) without having to anticipate a ceiling in capacity brought about by the capacity limits of the hosted environment. For organizations that have already adopted hosting services then, the economies are not as clear-cut but the scope for economies is greater. 2. Clouds are easier to manage Once applications are up and running on the cloud, day-to-day governance and management is easier. Modern cloud computing platform offer very sophisticated administration dashboards and performance intelligence to enable tenants to easily understand their utilization. Porting to the cloud normally reduces the number of technology vendors and partners required to support the enterprise. This means associated costs of managing vendor relationships are reduced. 3. Clouds help to make corporate IT cost less and are easier to budget Through cloud computing, organizations are lowering their total IT costs to less than 1% of total business income (so if you’re spending more than that on IT it’s worth considering. Adopting cloud services means tenants don’t pay for what Cloud computing removes the need for just-in-case they don’t use. Traditional internally hosted solutions have meant in the past that processing power. organizations have had to buy much more processing capacity than they really need on a day-to-day basis ‘just-in-case’ of growth and to cope with peaks and troughs in demand. It’s also been difficult for IT managers to configure their hosting applications in such a way that applications are able to share available processor, memory and storage between applications and between departments. This has meant organizations are housing, powering and maintaining many more servers and much higher levels of capacity than they need with many assets being heavily under-utilized. And when growth occurs, the incremental cost of additional computing capacity is already known and can be built into budgeting models.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 7
  8. 8. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously 4. Clouds are greener Removing internal hosting delivers savings in power consumption resulting from server power usage, site lighting etc. In addition to these obvious economies, cloud computing means that information management is accessible to workers wherever they are located because cloud architectures only typically require workers to have a computing device with a browser. With these basic tools, workers can login to systems from anywhere and discharge their roles. Commuting to the office is only required when face-to-face meetings are the only option. 5. The cloud gets applications right-first-time and makes them easier to deploy Platform as a Service (PaaS) technologies are changing the way organizations design, deploy and operate their applications. In the case of PaaS technologies like Encanvas Secure&Live, business analysts are equipped to integrate with data sources, design and deploy applications without any IT skills deeper than basic database and process understanding. Removing the need for programming and the use of so many different application development tools enables business analysts to work collaboratively with business sponsors and users to fashion applications precisely for their purpose without having to procure ready-made applications (that are often overly specified or difficult to customize) or instigating a high risk and very expensive IT project that would ordinarily have required a project manager, a number of IT experts and many days of cross-browser compatibility testing and re-working. Creating applications is a back-room - as has been the adopted approach for many decades of corporate IT - is known to result in compromise because the cost of making changes to original design concepts is so expensive) Platform-as-a-Service Having created applications using a single integrated design environment, the solutions enable IT skills to be embedded into business process of deploying them is controlled from a similarly uncomplicated improvement teams to drive dashboard. One business analyst can normally produce as many applications as a innovation in processes. business function needs, as quickly as they’re needed. This agile applications design and deployment approach removes the so-called ‘long-tail’ of demand for business applications from business professionals charged with achieving business outcomes or running departmental functions who have traditionally found themselves resorting to self-authored spreadsheet and MS Access style database because of a lack of access to robust IT and relational database systems. Adopting PaaS solutions means that information management systems offer the agility to stay in-tune with organizational needs and IT can drive innovation and process excellence across the enterprise.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 8
  9. 9. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously 6. The cloud is easier to access Platform-as-a-Service Applications deployed on Platform-as-a-Service systems like Encanvas solutions make information systems accessible 24x7. Secure&Live are available to workers, partners and customers through secured Equipped with access to their access 24 hours a day, 7 days a week from any computing device that operates a social networks, information browser. Organizations do not need to concern themselves with provisioning for systems and analytical tools, workers can be as productive hosting support as cloud platforms are maintained by vendors around the clock. when working remotely as 7. The cloud is easier to use and support they are in the office. Developments in Web 2.0 and Rich Internet applications running in web browsers that adopt AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) programming techniques mean that PaaS vendors are able to serve up user experiences far superior to traditional desktop applications. Features such as repeater panels, conditional panels and action oriented animated transitions enable applications designers to author ‘single-page’ views instead of multi-page hierarchical menus. Authored pages provide a very fluid look and feel - as important content flies into view as needed whereas page elements that are not required remain hidden so not to confuse the user with information overload. Cloud applications typically adopt a common design ethos and look-and-feel so users become quickly familiar with the intuitive design layouts. This reduces training costs. PaaS solutions like Encanvas Secure&Live are specifically engineered to enable many hundreds of applications portals from a single integrated administration cockpit with full governance over user and group authentication, viewing permissions, data structures, languages and reports. This scale of applications engineering would not have been possible prior to cloud computing for many technical reasons – version control, cost of applications design, security provisioning, testing and tuning overheads, IT skills and resource capacity etc. Moving to the cloud means that organizations can dramatically reduce their IT skills dependencies and the cost of IT to service their operations. 8. The cloud makes data and systems easier to share Many organizations today want to share their data and information systems with colleagues, industry partners – even customers. Hosting content and systems on a cloud means that intellectual ownership of content and data remains intact but applications required for collaboration and cooperation are easier to engineer. In one case cloud computing technologies are being adopted in the transport and traffic management sector to create regional (and virtual) traffic control systems where many different authorities are pooling their data, systems and resources to deliver regional services at a fraction of the traditional cost. Each organization participating in the scheme retains their own brand credentials for ‘their space’ on the web while data systems and applications operate in a single common-to- all platform.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 9
  10. 10. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously 9. The cloud is safer Cloud computing gets more Original strategies for data security have focused on preventing nasty people corporate information under the control of the from accessing secured containers of data. The problem with this model in organization. today’s business environment is that organizations are working more closely with their customers, supply-chain and industry partners and contracted employees. In order to maintain coherent security framework and governance over site access users, user groups and data, a new approach to security has to emerge. Class-leading cloud computing platforms adopt an inclusive security model which means data itself is protected rather than the containers of data. Systems like Encanvas Secure&Live and Microsoft’s AppFabric enable the formation of federated security models so that users outside of the enterprise firewall can offered the benefits of controlled viewing and editing permissions for data sources that remain secure and well governed. Corporate databases controlled by IT are thought to contain only 60% of corporate information. The remainder of content is typically held in unstructured forms like paper, on hard-drives of workers – or worse still in people’s heads. The ability afforded by PaaS platforms to create applications as they’re needed means that fewer ‘shadow systems’ are created and maintained by workers on Excel spreadsheets, Access databases and PowerPoint presentations. This not only makes data more secure but makes it more re-usable and easier to share. Another key priority for security professionals is to cascade the responsibility of managing data security through the enterprise. IT professionals have found themselves the gate-keepers and trustees of corporate information. The problem with this approach to security is that IT as a functional entity often has limited bandwidth to make decisions on security risk and threat. Departmental heads are normally better placed to judge whether requests for data are valid and they are also better placed to assess the risk associated with the request. But if departmental heads are to take on more accountability for the data they make available, they must have the tools and insights to understand user data behaviors and easily apply security protocols so not to make mistakes. Modern Cloud computing platforms PaaS solutions provide administrative cockpits for senior officers to manage data adopt inclusive security models that return the governance. It means that IT professionals can pass over the keys to corporate responsibility for data data to accountable and responsible departmental managers that know their governance to accountable systems, user requirements for data and associated levels of risk. This approach executives… makes more of the organization aware of security risks and the responsibilities of every employee to protect corporate information assets and to comply with regulatory requirements over the use and application of sensitive data.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 10
  11. 11. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously Conclusion The idea that IT functions will achieve step-change reductions in operational costs is unlikely to happen without harmonising the hundreds of software applications organizations use down to a manageable number. Migrating the many homemade and spreadsheet systems to a common ‘secure and live’ cloud architecture presents immediate opportunities for short-term cashable economies. Platform-as-a-Service solutions like Encanvas Secure&Live provide a mechanism to economically serve the long-tail of applications demand that exists within all organizations today; improving internal customer satisfaction towards IT. So if you’re looking to make the move to cloud computing, consider taking baby steps first with situational and departmental applications - and just make sure you’re able to reach the cloud before you leap!© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 11
  12. 12. WHITE PAPER | Cloud 9: Nine Reasons to Take the Cloud Seriously Contact Information About the Author Previously holding a series of Sales and Marketing Management and Directorship positions in the European IT industry, in 2002 Ian Tomlin co-founded the International Management Consultancy NDMC Ltd whose portfolio of clients includes some of the world’s largest public and private sector organizations. With Nick Lawrie he co-authored ‘Agilization’, a guide to regenerating competitiveness for Western World companies. Ian Tomlin has authored several other business books and hundreds of articles on business strategy, IT and organizational design including ‘Cloud Coffee House’, a guide to the impact of cloud social networking on business and ‘Social Operating Systems’, an exploration into the next generation of enterprise computing platform. About Encanvas Encanvas® software makes the workplace work better. We bring added value to the Microsoft® enterprise platform by creating the technologies organizations need to spend less and receive more from their software investments. We’ve created the world’s first Integrated Computer-Aided-Applications-Design (CAAD) Software Platform. Our Secure&Live™ platform enables the near-real-time design, deployment and operation of applications without coding in workshop environments all made possible by a single tightly coupled architecture. It facilitates the massive scaling of portal architectures; so users can communicate, share information and their applications in real-time while operating in ‘secure spaces’ that protect systems, data, identity and intellectual property. Encanvas Inc. 2710 Thomas Avenue, Cheyenne, Wyoming 82001 USA. (Americas) +1 201 777 3398 (Europe) +44 1865 596151 www.encanvas.com All information of whatever kind and which is contained in this documentation shall be called for the purposes of this project ‘Confidential Information’ and remains the property of Encanvas Inc. All trademarks and trade names used within this document are acknowledged as belonging to their respective owners.© 2010 Encanvas Inc. 12

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