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Access to knowledge and digital divide


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Access to knowledge and digital divide

  1. 1. Access to knowledge and digital divide Ismael Peña-López Universitat Oberta de Catalunya Encuentro Andaluz de Voluntariado Digital Jaén, March 28, 2009
  3. 3. Development Based on Welzel, C., Inglehart, R. & Klingemann, H. (2003). “ The theory of human development: A cross-cultural analysis ”. En European Journal of Political Research , 42(3), 341-379. Oxford: Blackwell. Socioeconomic development Individual resources Objective choice Value change Emancipative values Subjective choice Democratization Freedom rights Effective choice
  4. 4. Network Society Based on: Castells, M. (2000). “ Materials for an exploratory theory of the network society ”. En British Journal of Sociology , Jan-Mar 2000, 51(1), 5-24. London: Routledge. Culture Matter (nature) Relationships of Production Relationships of Power Relationships of Experience
  5. 5. Development and Network Society Development ICT4D Network Society Socioeconomic Development (individual resources) INFRASTRUCTURES Matter (nature) ICT SECTOR Production Subjective Orientation Towards Choice (emancipative values) (DIGITAL) LITERACY Experience Freedom Rights (democratization) LEGAL FRAMEWORK Power USES (CONTENT & SERVICES) Culture
  6. 6. Digital Divide Assets Flows Supply Demand Infrastructures Availability Affordability ICT Sector Enterprises Economy Workforce Legal Framework ICT (Sector) Regulation Information Society Strategies and Policies Content and Services Availability Intensity of Use Digital Skills Digital Literacy Level Digital Literacy Training
  8. 8. Strategies for the Network Society Peña-López (2007) Level ICT4D Strategies 1.0 INFRASTRUCTURES Push ICT SECTOR (DIGITAL) LITERACY 2.0 Pull LEGAL FRAMEWORK USES (CONTENT AND SERVICES)
  9. 9. Digital Literacy: typology Technological Literacy Media Literacy Digital Presence Informational Literacy e-Awareness Get Manage Monitor Define Multimedia Crossmedia Identity Network
  10. 10. Knowledge, literacy and engagement School Work Government Citizen Technological Literacy <ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul>Informational Literacy <ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Life-long learning </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment </li></ul>Digital Presence <ul><li>e-Portfolios & PLE </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>e-Portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency & Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Socialization </li></ul>Media Literacy <ul><li>Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>4 th & 5 th powers </li></ul><ul><li>Open government </li></ul><ul><li>Goverati </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>User Generated Content </li></ul>e-Awareness <ul><li>Business models </li></ul><ul><li>Self-programming </li></ul><ul><li>Connected worker </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Connected institution </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy & Security </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Connected citizen </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ciudadanos de la Sociedad de la Información Based on Castells (2000, 2004) Inequality Exclusion Worker / Customer / Citizen Self-programmable Generic Connected Source of innovation and value creation Executor Disconnected Diamond in the rough but invisible to networks Structurally irrelevant to the system
  12. 12. Jaén, March 28, 2009. Encuentro Andaluz de Voluntariado Digital <ul><li>To cite this work: </li></ul><ul><li>Peña-López, Ismael (2009) Access to knowledge and digital divide. Conference at the Encuentro Andaluz de Voluntariado Digital. Jaén: ICTlogy </li></ul><ul><li> 20090328_ismael_pena-lopez_-_access_knowledge_and_digital_divide.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>To contact the author: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// ismael. </li></ul>More information please visit All the information in this document under a Creative Commons license: Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivative Works