The Gettysburg Address


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The Gettysburg Address

  1. 1. The Gettysburg Address: Abraham Lincoln By Matthew Wright
  2. 2. Personal History <ul><li>Born February 12, 1809 in a one room log cabin in the state of Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>On August the 4 th 1834 Lincoln (24) is elected to the Illinois General Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>On August the 3 rd 1846 Lincoln is elected to the US House of Representatives as a member of the Whig Party </li></ul>
  3. 3. … Continued Personal History <ul><li>1854 opposes the passing of the Kansas-Nebraska Act </li></ul><ul><li>1857 Lincoln speaks against the Dred Scott decision </li></ul><ul><li>November the 6 th Lincoln is elected as the 16 th president of the US; and, he won the election over Stephen A. Douglas and John C. Breckenridge in so doing </li></ul><ul><li>January the 1 st 1863 issues and ratifies the Emancipation Proclamation, thereby freeing all the slaves </li></ul><ul><li>November the 19 th , 1863 delivers Gettysburg Address </li></ul><ul><li>Intended audience: for the present and future generations </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Battle of Gettysburg <ul><li>The actual battle lasted for two days from July 1- July 3, 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>Location was in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in Adams County </li></ul><ul><li>Commanders were: for the Union Gen. George G. Meade, for the CSA Gen. Robert E. Lee </li></ul><ul><li>The armies were: for the Union the Army of the Potomac, and for the CSA the Army of Northern Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>The Army of the Potomac had 93,921 soldiers, and the Army of Northern Virginia had 71,699 soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Casualties: Union suffered 23,055 (3,155 killed, 14,531 wounded, 5,369 captured/missing; for, the CSA 22,231 (4,708 killed, 12,693 wounded, 5,830 captured/missing) </li></ul><ul><li>Result: the Union is victorious </li></ul><ul><li>Gettysburg incursion also halted the CSA’s invasion of the North, and is seen as the focal point of the war </li></ul>
  5. 5. Main points <ul><li>Lincoln advocates the words of the Declaration of Independence; and, Lincoln accentuated the Civil War as not just a fight to preserve the Union, but to bring equality to “all” of its citizens : “…conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.” </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln also advocated the notion that the test of equality and liberty is indispensable: “Now we are engaged in a great civil war testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Main Points Continued… <ul><li>Lincoln’s speech also praises the soldiers, and their deaths did not go in vain: “The world will little note nor long remember what we say here but it can never forget what they did here.” </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln believed that present and future generations must take up the cause of defending the Union: “It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us…that these honored dead shall not have died in vain…” </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln advocates and espouses the writings of Supreme Court Justice John Marshall and the transcendental reverend Theodore Parker; for, they both believed that the Union is a government of, by, and for the people. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Main Points Continued… <ul><li>It is for this reason that Lincoln acknowledges the sacrifice, but explains why the struggle is important for future Americans to uphold and defend the Union: “…that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom; and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Questions to Consider <ul><li>Is the US a government of the people, or is it a government of the states? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the significance of the Gettysburg Address, and why has it had such an profound effect on the American way of life? </li></ul>