Presentation for report in Nghe An Province


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Futher information on disasters or preparedness issues affecting Vietnam in 2007- Presentation for Needs assessment report of the Typhoon Lekima in Nghe An Province at the meeting on October 15, 2007

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Presentation for report in Nghe An Province

  1. 1. Flood No.5 in Nghe An Qui Chau and Que Phong districts 10-12 September 2007
  2. 2. Team and Methodology <ul><li>10 members, different organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided on sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked at different levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews, observations, secondary data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Area cover: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 most affected districts (QC, QP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most affected and second affected communes </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Basic information of area <ul><li>Remote and mountainous </li></ul><ul><li>High poverty rate: 48-53% </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic minority: 80-90% </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihood: mainly on agriculture and forest exploitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultivated land is small </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Market operation: only at district </li></ul>
  4. 4. Damages <ul><li>Overall: 214/476 communes were affected </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihood and nutrition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crops: partly to completely affected: >2600 ha (80%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paddy field was covered with thick sand: 247 in QC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter crop time already past for maize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal lost: 76 cattle + 31,700 poultry; aquaculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dams and canals broken: 7 dams + several canals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation: blocked </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shelter & non-food items </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collapsed, washed away houses: 50 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damaged houses: 237; flooded houses: 864 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Damages (continue) <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools/boarding houses for teachers were washed away or damaged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tables, school materials were damaged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School closed for 2-5 days, not re-open until 15/10 (Nam Giai) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Health, water and sanitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health clinics were damaged (10/14), 1 totally damaged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Several wells were flooded and contaminated (QC): 590 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water system was broken in Nam Giai (15,000 people in QC were out of clean water) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment pollution: mud, wood, rubbish, waste </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Current needs <ul><li>Livelihood and food security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food for next 4-6 months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal raising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash for basic things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field recovery (247 ha in QC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop restoration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shelters and non-food items </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergent shelters </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Needs (continue) <ul><li>Health, water and sanitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recovery of commune health stations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment sanitation: cloramin, permethrin, mosquito nets, units of medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean water supply in QC (Nam Giai) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reparation of class rooms and schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text books, educational materials and equipment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Current response <ul><li>Immediate and helpful response for urgent recovery from Gov. and voluntary forces </li></ul><ul><li>Province/Dist. issued good policy of support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash for death, injured, swept-away and collapsed houses, school children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food, salt, fuel for the affected households </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeds for coming crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash for immediate transportation recovery (150-300 million/district) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Current response (continue) <ul><li>Red Cross: noodles and household items </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources: 3 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Response is on process </li></ul>
  10. 10. Recommendations <ul><li>Livelihood and food security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide 1-3 months’ food and supplementary to the affected households </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash dispersal to assist most urgent needs over coming months </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for the recovery of damaged field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplementary support for fertilizers and/or seeds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for basic infrastructure recovery </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Recommendations (cont.) <ul><li>Shelter and non-food items </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide emergent shelters for the affected HHs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure compensation reach the affected and adequate for needs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide utensils for the washed away HHs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heath, water and sanitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support with environment sanitation: cloramin, permethrin and mosquito nets </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Recommendations (cont.) <ul><ul><li>Ensure adequate sources for recovery of commune health stations and facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raise awareness on population on health, hygiene. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide complement 03 Units of medicines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide soap </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repair/reconstruct damaged classrooms and schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support text books, notebooks, education materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace fittings and furniture </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Recommendations (cont.) <ul><li>Child protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure sufficient nutrition levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor and provide additional support for those who lost parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist to facilitate health check-ups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide vaccination against encephalitis, hepatitis and other 6 diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short and medium term relief and long-term development program to reduce child labour </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Meeting with local authority
  15. 15. Assessment team cross the river...
  16. 16. On the way to flooded villages
  17. 17. Enjoy traveling by...crane
  18. 18. Over the trouble water...
  19. 19. Women group discussion on the field
  20. 20. A school destroyed by flood in Que Phong
  21. 21. Secondary pupils are cleaning classrooms after flood
  22. 22. Textbooks in schools got wet by flood
  23. 23. A house collapsed by strong water in Quy Chau district
  24. 24. Rice field covered with sand
  25. 25. Rice field under the thick sand
  26. 26. A young couple totally lost their house and rice crop
  27. 27. A woman with her rice flooded
  28. 28. A 13 girl make rice after harvest
  29. 29. People help each other to harvest
  30. 30. Woods and trees floating on river
  31. 31. Hygiene & Sanitation are problems after floods.
  32. 32. Instant noodles and foods are ready to be distributed in Nam Giai commune, Que Phong
  33. 33. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>