Mirinae Storm-flood Joint-assessment in Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa


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Typhoon Mirinae, Joint rapid assessment in Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa presentation at the DMWG meeting on 12 November, 2009

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Mirinae Storm-flood Joint-assessment in Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa

  1. 1. MIRINAE STORM-FLOOD Joint-assessment to Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa
  2. 2. Assessment mission group Name Organization Expertise 1). Mr. Nguyen Van Gia Save the Children DRR/response/shelter 2). Mr. Le Quang Vinh PACCOM Partner relations 3). Ms. Bui Thi Cay Save the Children Child protection 4). Ms. Nguyen Thanh Hien UNICEF WASH Specialist 5). Dr. Cao Viet Hoa UNICEF Health Specialist 6). Mr. Nguyen Cong Trang Oxfam GB Livelihood 7). Mr. Pham Quang Trung Oxfam Hong Kong Pro-poor Market
  3. 3. Methodologies <ul><li>Review of provincial and district status reports on damages by storm no. 11 (MIRINAE), rescue & responses to the DISASTER victims. </li></ul><ul><li>On-site data collection : field observation, interviews with households, group discussions and communal & district officials in affected communes </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting with provincial departments (PCFSC, RC, DARD, DOH, DOET, DOFA, PPC Bureau) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Highlights of impacts <ul><li>Serious dead numbers in Phu Yen, left children orphan, families lost bread winners </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihood affected seriously </li></ul><ul><li>Families have lost their homes and possessions and been displaced. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of food and water, children going hungry. </li></ul><ul><li>Hygiene and sanitary problem with cases of highly flooded. </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s access to education is disrupted. </li></ul><ul><li>The poorest families are worst hit - their recovery will be long without assistance. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Housing <ul><li>Large scale of damage on housing including collapsed houses and roof blown away. The damage is found in all visited districts </li></ul><ul><li>The number of houses damaged found more in Phu Yen where experienced bad flooding. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : Phu Yen: 79 people died, 1,376 houses totally collapsed ; 35,994 house partly damaged; about 50,000 people in Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa had to evacuate from home. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Huge number of children lost their text books and note-books due to flood or typhoon swept away </li></ul><ul><li>Many schools are scheduled for re-open but in some communes the schools are expected to be closed for 1 – 3 weeks.. </li></ul>Education <ul><li>Many schools children in families falling into poverty and not expected going back to school. </li></ul><ul><li>Stress over teachers and children with busy learning schedule to catch up with non-affected areas </li></ul><ul><li>Some children last fathers and mothers need special care </li></ul>
  8. 8. Health <ul><li>Reported damage of health facilities in many places </li></ul><ul><li>Medical equipment and drugs damaged due to power cut off and flood water </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of mobile medical teams but still limited </li></ul><ul><li>High risk of disease outbreak (including H1N1) and water-born diseases </li></ul>
  9. 9. Livelihood <ul><li>Agriculture production is main income </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of crops (rice, maize, sugar cane, and others) </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture land seriously damaged </li></ul>
  10. 10. Livelihood (Con) <ul><li>Huge loss of aquaculture products and materials in coastal districts in both Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa (fish cage damaged in Phu Yen :19,485) </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of fishing boats (e.g. Phu Yen: 227; Khanh Hoa: 85) </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of animal (In Phu Yen Poultry: 229,149 Cattle 9,102 and Pig: 5,312 </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of farming tools in flooded area (both Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa….) </li></ul><ul><li>Facing long time to recover the main income production </li></ul>
  11. 11. Health, Water & Sanitation <ul><li>Toilets submerged has been polluting the water areas </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of drinking water: estimation of 30% to 40% of flooded dug wells treated by DOH and on-going </li></ul><ul><li>Increased risks of dengue fever, H1N1, diarrhea and other water-borne diseases due to poor hygiene practices and contaminated water </li></ul>
  12. 12. Aids to date and pledged <ul><li>Government pledged to provide rice (1000 ton/each province) and cash (100 bil for PY, 20 bil for Khanh Hoa) but procedure is slow </li></ul><ul><li>Government supported 3 mil/dead person, and pledged to supported 5mil/fully collapsed house. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Urgent provision of rice, noodle, foodstuff and bottled water have been done by different organizations (most for Phu Yen, esp for Dong Xuan district). </li></ul><ul><li>Some home necessities have been provided by RC and individuals, but insufficient </li></ul><ul><li>Labor forces (army, police, universities, youth, etc) have been called for public support and surounding environment clearance </li></ul>Aids (Con)
  14. 14. Gaps <ul><li>Aids of rice and cash from government are slow, need urgent supports </li></ul><ul><li>Aid for rehousing (collapsed) is too small, and slow </li></ul>
  15. 15. Gaps (Con) <ul><li>Poor families will lack food for 1-6 months due to loss of food crop and wet during the flood </li></ul><ul><li>Food stuff and nutrition food is very insufficient: </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of increased malnutrition among children </li></ul><ul><li>No party pledged yet for education and health care </li></ul><ul><li>No cash and force to recover the damaged land </li></ul><ul><li>Poor knowledge in DR and CBDRM </li></ul><ul><li>No sustainable livelihoods </li></ul>
  16. 16. Recommendations
  17. 17. Short term <ul><li>Food aid : Immediate support of food-stuff (local dried fish), and bottled water to the people in seriously affected and isolated communities (especially communes in Dong Xuan of Phu Yen) some communes of the ethnic minority is isolated and badly need urgent support </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter : provide roofing materials for unroofed house households. </li></ul><ul><li>Education: Roofs for and fence for damaged schools, books, notebooks, student kits for children and teaching materials </li></ul><ul><li>Nonfood items: particularly needed for families lost houses (including blankets, clothes, household utensils, lighting fuel…) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical supports: Provide technical assistances for recovering after shock in all areas </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Sanitation : Cleaning of surrounding environment immediately; </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of hygiene kits to households with completely collapsed houses; </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of water purification, cloramin B, Aqua tab (accompanied by instruction) and restoring of water sources in flooded areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Health: Free health check up, provision of essential medicines especially to treat water-born diseases including skin infection </li></ul><ul><li>IEC materials on health and </li></ul><ul><li>environment </li></ul><ul><li>Cash for poor and </li></ul><ul><li>near poor families </li></ul>
  19. 19. Long term <ul><li>Reconstruction collapsed houses : top up Government support (current policy 5,000,000 dong/house and 12,000,000 if this hh is poor ranked) </li></ul><ul><li>Recover damaged agriculture land </li></ul><ul><li>Support of seed/seedlings and fertilizers for next crop </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock breedings support or loans to buy </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Farming techniques and tools </li></ul><ul><li>Fishery tools and equipments </li></ul><ul><li>Repairs of schools, irrigation work and inter-village roads and bridge </li></ul><ul><li>DRR programmes include early warning, CBDRM and safe house construction techniques </li></ul>
  20. 20. Challenges/Constraints <ul><li>1- Insufficient data collected due to: </li></ul><ul><li>Provincial & District Officials did not have a complete set of data, especially humanitarian assisted data such as total number of children without books, notebooks and pens for continued school, total number of people lacking drinking water, food & NFI; </li></ul><ul><li>RA team could not meet with relevant people in visited communes as they were busy with distribution of in kind donations, their own assessment of losses and other businesses after disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Many seriously affected communes unreached by the RA team due to: </li></ul><ul><li>Time consuming; </li></ul><ul><li>Communes were not reached by normal road, but by boats and all the boats were used for aid transportation. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Thank you!