Ad Stijnman (ICN), Databases for art technological source research: some do's and don'ts

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Ad Stijnman (ICN), Databases for art technological source research: some do's and don'ts

  1. 1. Databases for art technological source research Some do’s and don’ts Ad Stijnman
  2. 2. What is art technology? Knowledge concerning the production methods of works of art or craft, i.e. knowledge concerning materials, tools, machines, techniques and sites used in making objects with a certain cultural value / from cultural heritage. Art Technological Source Research
  3. 3. What is a source? Any kind of information carrier that supplies data the researcher can ‘read’. Art Technological Source Research
  4. 4. What is source research? Research of sources fitting within the concept of a particular project. Art Technological Source Research
  5. 5. What kinds of sources are there? Textual sources Audio-visual sources Material sources Art Technological Source Research
  6. 6. Textual sources Can you read? Art Technological Source Research
  7. 7. Bibliography Art Technological Source Research
  8. 8. Terminology & Language Green in heraldry: • sinople (Spanish) • sinople (French) • vert (English) • sinopel (Dutch) • grün (German) Art Technological Source Research
  9. 9. Audio-visual sources What do you hear & see? Art Technological Source Research
  10. 10. Divide between ‘descriptive’ and ‘prescriptive’ sources Art Technological Source Research
  11. 11. Material sources What black is this? Art Technological Source Research
  12. 12. Any place, period, art or craft Art Technological Source Research
  13. 13. Concept & material “I think mediums can turn you on, they can excite you: they always let you do something in a different way, even if you take the same subject, if you draw it in a different way, or if you are forced to simplify it, to make it bold because it is too finicky” David Hockney Art Technological Source Research
  14. 14. Working group Art Technological Source Research http://www.clericus.org/atsr/ Art Technological Source Research
  15. 15. What is the purpose of your data system? • To study source material • To gather, select and order data on the subject • To disseminate and exchange information on the subject All this in order to develop and extend your knowledge about the subject Art Technological Source Research
  16. 16. What data system to choose? The technical factor • Consider your needs and possibilities • Choose a system that goes with the content and amount of information • Choose hardware you can control • Choose software you can control A paper card file is as good as any digital system, a Word text does well, too Art Technological Source Research
  17. 17. What data system to choose? The human factor • Managers • ICT staff • Administration • Colleagues • Politicians • Journalists • Museum staff • Private collectors • Art dealers Everyone has his own schedule Do not let yourself be overruled Art Technological Source Research
  18. 18. What data system to choose? The time factor • You know your subject best • Time is not an issue in research • A process takes the time it needs • You just want to get started Projects must be planned and executed with disregard of local interests Art Technological Source Research
  19. 19. Who will build the data system? Pro’s and con’s • You yourself always available, knows content ↔ need know- how, costs a lot of your time • Colleague in project short communication lines, knows content ↔ her/his know-how and time • ICT department internal communication, knows institute ↔ needs to know particular software, needs to make agreements on time, does not know content of project • External company work by contract, specific agreements ↔ does not know content of project, expensive • Extra partner in the project available for the project, can learn within the project about the project ↔ should know about particular software, extra costs Art Technological Source Research
  20. 20. How many levels are needed? • Level 1: descriptions of sources with related literature • Level 2: information units selected from and related to sources Art Technological Source Research
  21. 21. What data fields are needed? • Make a wishing list • See what others did • Use standards • Use existing thesauri • Use authorized terms • Enter and supply data uniformly Keep it simple Art Technological Source Research
  22. 22. How to process source materials? • Orientation • Define the subject of your research • Set limitations • Gather, select, study, enter and disseminate the information • Feedback Continue gathering details, there will come a moment they start outlining themselves and you will see structure Art Technological Source Research
  23. 23. Application in practice http://www.virtuelles-kupferstichkabinett.de Art Technological Source Research

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