"Urban Ecosystem Europe" by Lorenzo Bono, Ambiente Italia
Urban Ecosystem Europe Lorenzo Bono
Urban Ecosystem EuropeThe Urban Ecosystem Europe is a core set of advanced sustainability indicators which provides an integrated assessment of European cities’ urban environment, according to the EU Urban Thematic Strategy and the Aalborg Commitments.
Urban Ecosystem Europe• Cities participating receive a benchmarking report and a city’s profile showing their strengths and weaknesses. Solar thermal and PV plants on public buildings (kW)10.000 Hannover median big medium small 9.000 N O2 8.000 S e pa ra t e d c o lle c t . P M 10 7.000 6.000 5.000 Wa s t e S o la r po we r 4.000 3.000 2.000 P ublic t ra ns po rt Wa t e r c o ns . 1.000 0 Helsinki Hannover Barcelona Paris Lefkosia Wien Lyon Dresden Heidelberg Napoli Roma Praha Zaragoza Munchen Madrid Goteborg C yc ling P a rk s a nd ga rde ns
Urban Ecosystem Europe• Comparing with other cities across Europe can be a useful reference point to do a baseline review of the local situation and to set new local targets.• A minimum size of 50-100 thousands inhabitants is recommended
The main themes• Local action for health• Natural common goods• Responsible consumption and lifestyle• Planning better mobility, less traffic• Energy and Climate change• Local Management towards sustainability
The indicators• PM10 concentrations• NO2 concentrations• Ozone concentrations• People exposed to noise pollution (traffic source)• Domestic water consumption• Inhabitants served by water treatment plants• Re-use of rain water• Water network’s leakages
The indicators• Household and municipal waste produced• Differentiated collection of waste• Waste disposal• Percentage of journeys by car (modal split)• Number of registered cars• Passengers travelling on public transport• Low emission public transport fleet• Cycle paths and lanes• Pedestrian areas• Public green areas
The indicators• CO2 emissions and reduction targets• Trend of electric consumptions• Inhabitants connected to district heating system• Energy consumption of public buildings• Renawable plants (managed by public authority)• Green public procurement, procedures and purchasing• Environmental certification of public authorities
Data collection• Download the spreadsheet from the web: www.iclei- europe.org/informed-cities• The spreasheet contains definitions and measure units• Contact our helpdesk in order to get more information• Fill the form in, taking the formal responsibility of data• Send us the spreadsheet• After a first quality data check, we will send data back to you for a final agreement
Data collection CYCLING AND PEDESTRIAN NETWORK W AS T EW A T ER 1 ) In h a b ita n ts c o n n e c te d to w a s te w a te r tr e a tm e n t p la n ts :3) Cycling network km year num ber ye a r Cycle paths/tracks along streets or roads to ta l in h a b ita n ts c o n n e c te d km % p e rc e n ta g e o f h o u s e h o ld s c o n n e c te d Cycle lanes along streets or roads km to ta l n . in h a b ita n ts e q u iva le n t c o n n e c te d Cycle routes not along streets or roads km 2 ) T r e a tm e n t le ve l Traffic calming streets % o f u rb a n w a s te w a te r tre a te d P rim a ry, s e c o n d a ry a n d fu ll te rtia ry tre a tm e n t P rim a ry a n d s e c o n d a ry tre a tm e n t o r p rim a ry, s e c o n d a ry a n d in c o m p le te te rtia ry 4) Pedestrian network year P rim a ry tre a tm e n t o r p rim a ry a n d in c o m p le te s e c o n d a ry tre a tm e n t km N o tre a tm e n t pedestrian streets N o in fo rm a tio n 0% Ha pedestrian areas 3 ) Is th e w a s te w a te r tre a te d r e u s e d ? Glossary W h a t is th e p e rc e n ta g e o f re u s e ? Glo s s a r yCycle paths/tracks - paths/traks along streets and roads physically separated. This may include a separate In h a b ita n ts c o n n e c te d to w a s te w a te r tr e a tm e n t p la n ts - In h a b ita n ts livin g in d w e llin g s w h o s e c o lle c tin gpedestrian zone or path, or pedestrians and cyclists may be expected to share the same way. s ys te m (s ys te m o f c o n d u its w h ic h c o lle c t a n d c o n d u c t u rb a n w a s te w a te r) is c o n n e c te d to a tre a tm e n t p la n t.Cycle lanes - Traffic lanes marked on an existing roadway generally restricted to cycle traffic. They can be Bla c k w a te r : w a s te w a te r c o n ta in in g fe c a l m a tte r a n d u rin emandatory (marked with a solid white line, entry by motor vehicles is prohibited) or advisory (marked with a R a in w a te r: w a t e r t h a t h a s fa lle n a s ra in a n d c o n t a in s lit tle d is s o lve d m in e ra l m a t t e rbroken white line, entry by motor vehicles is permitted only in particular cases). Do m e s tic w a te r c o n s u m p tio n - P e r c a p ita d o m e s tic c o n s u m p tio n o f w a te r is th e a m o u n t o f w a te r c o n s u m e d p e r p e rs o n fo r th e p u rp o s e s o f in g e s tio n , h yg ie n e , c o o k in g , w a s h in g o f u te n s ils a n d o th e r h o u s e h o ldCycle routes - Routes or pathways for bicycles only, not along streets or roads (e.g. through parks) p u rp o s e s , in c lu d in g g a rd e n in g u s e s .Traffic calming streets - Urban street with strict measures of motorized traffic moderation. Examples are inverted N o te spriority and 30 km/h zones. Notes
Data collectionCYCLING AND PEDESTRIAN NETWORK3) Cycling network km year Cycle paths/tracks along streets or roads km Cycle lanes along streets or roads km Cycle routes not along streets or roads km Traffic calming streets 4) Pedestrian network year km pedestrian streets Ha pedestrian areas
Data collection GlossaryCycle paths/tracks - paths/traks along streets and roads physically separated. This may include aseparate pedestrian zone or path, or pedestrians and cyclists may be expected to share the sameway.Cycle lanes - Traffic lanes marked on an existing roadway generally restricted to cycle traffic. Theycan be mandatory (marked with a solid white line, entry by motor vehicles is prohibited) or advisory(marked with a broken white line, entry by motor vehicles is permitted only in particular cases).Cycle routes - Routes or pathways for bicycles only, not along streets or roads (e.g. throughparks)Traffic calming streets - Urban street with strict measures of motorized traffic moderation.Examples are inverted priority and 30 km/h zones. Notes
The report• Benchmark off all the cities participating• Personal city’s profileDownload theUrban Ecosystem Report 2007www.iclei-europe.org/informed-cities
32 Cities, 16 Countires10 northern Urban Ecosystem Europe 200710 central 9 southern 3 eastern
Urban Ecosystem Europe 2007Metropol. Big Medium Medium- areas small Berlin Barcelona Antwerpen BristolG. London Brussels Kobenh. Aarhus G. Lyon Milano Dresden Heidelberg Madrid Napoli Goteborg Lefkosia Paris Praha Helsinki Tampere Roma Wien Riga Turku Munchen Stockholm Patra Zaragoza Durres Hannover Aalborg Oslo
Air pollution: the situation is still over the limit• Half of the 32 cities does not respect the PM10 yearly limit value set for 2005 (40 µg/m3) and more than 90% exceeds the 2010 target (20 µg/m3).• Almost all cities (84%) exceed the present limit value referred to PM10 daily exceedance of 50 µ µg/m3, and about 7 cities more than 3 times.• 60% of the cities doesn’t respect at least in one sample point the NO2 yearly average limit value of 50 µg/m3 set for 2005 and 90% exceeds the 2010 target (40 µg/m3).
100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 0Greater London Roma Milano Madrid PM10: number of daily means exceeding 50 µg/mc (highest values) Barcelona Praha big Paris Munchen Wien Berlin Lyon Bruxelles Napoli Riga Zaragoza Explorative application Kobenhavn Stockholm Antwerpen medium µ µ µ Hannover Dresden Oslo Helsinki Goteborg Bristol Patra Aalborg Heidelberg small background traffic limit value Aarhus Tampere Turku
Bike is an urban alternative to car, if integrated with TP and well protected• In smaller cities offering a cycling network of about 300 km unless 20% of citizens use the bicycle for their home-to-work trips.• Also bigger cities, as Helsinki Stockholm and Hannover, offer focused policy aiming to strenghten the cycling network ( more than 750 km).• Hannover and Kobenhavn implemented also speed reduction on a significant part of their roads (660 and 117 km respectively) and now register the maximum use of bicycle in home-to-work trips.
100 120 140 160 180 200 220 20 40 60 80 0 Wien Munchen Lyon Berlin Bruxelles Paris big Praha BarcelonaGreater London Cycle paths and lanes (m/100 inh) Roma Milano Madrid Napoli 297 Helsinki Explorative application Hannover Stockholm Goteborg Kobenhavn medium Dresden Bristol Oslo Zaragoza Riga Turku Aalborg Tampere small Aarhus Heidelberg Patra
Municipal waste: local policies and life styles can make the difference• Waste production is growing almost everywhere• Some administrations, thanks to good separated collection rates (in some cases over 50%), have managed to increase the recycle and so to reduce the amount of residual waste to be disposed under 300 kg/inh.• Other cities register more than 450kg/inhab/year residual waste to be disposed, due to low separation rates.
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 0 Munchen Praha Lyon Bruxelles separated residual Berlin Madrid big Paris Per capita urban waste production (kg/inh year) Barcelona MilanoGreater London Wien Napoli Roma Dresden Hannover Explorative application Riga Goteborg medium Kobenhavn Zaragoza Bristol Antwerpen Stockholm Durres Heidelberg Aarhus small Turku Patra Lefkosia Aalborg
Risks due to climate changes could be avoided, but now it’s time to act• A good majority (21) of the 32 cities adopted local CO2 reduction targets.• Solar panels diffusion in public buildings is growing: Wien is the best for thermal panels (about 13,000 m2) and Munchen for photovoltaic panels on public buildings (more then 4,000 kW).• In Helsinki, Kobenhavn, Aarhus, Tampere and Stockholm more than 70% of the population is connected to a district heating system.
Solar thermal and PV plants on public buildings (kW)10.000 big medium small 9.000 Explorative application 8.000 7.000 6.000 5.000 4.000 3.000 2.000 1.000 0 Hannover Lyon Paris Praha Wien Munchen Madrid Goteborg Heidelberg Barcelona Roma Napoli Helsinki Zaragoza Lefkosia Dresden
Benchmark your city! Hannover median N O2 S e pa ra t e d c o lle c t . P M 10 Wa s t e S o la r po we rP ublic t ra ns po rt Wa t e r c o ns . C yc ling P a rk s a nd ga rde ns
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