Phrases, Clauses and Sentences

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Short description of phrases clauses and sentences.

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Phrases, Clauses and Sentences

  1. 1. Phrase, Clause SentenceAn Introduction 1 1
  2. 2. What Is a Phrase?Phrase: A phrase is any collection of words that does not havea subject and a functional verb. Phrases take their names fromthe word they begin with. in the park (Prepositional phrase) Driving at night (gerund phrase) To be or not to be (infinitive phrase) 2 2
  3. 3. What Is a Clause?Clause: one configuration of a noun or noun phrase (a subject) and afunctional verb. Bob drives. (main clause) Mary had a little lamb. (main clause) I know the man who lives next door. (subordinate clause) Veronica is the woman I told you about. (subordinate clause) 3 3
  4. 4. What Is a Sentence?Sentence: a main clause plus any number of subordinateclauses. Bob drives a jeep. (One clause) Mary had a little lamb whose fleece was white as snow. (Two clauses) I know the man who told me about the earthquake that destroyed the Colossus. (Three clauses). 4 4
  5. 5. Recognizing Phrases, Clauses and Sentences Main ClauseBob goes to the beach with his friends. Prepositional Phrase Prepositional Phrase
  6. 6. Recognizing Phrases, Clauses and Sentences Main ClauseIt’s a lot of fun to go hiking in the woods. Infinitive Phrase Prepositional Phrase
  7. 7. Recognizing Phrases, Clauses and Sentences Main Clause Subordinate ClauseDriving at night is dangerous when you are tired Gerund Phrase

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