THE RISE OF MASS
DEMOCRACY
(1824-1840)
Essential Question:
Champion of
the
“Common Man”?
“King”
Andrew?
OR
Voting Requirements
Voter Turnout: 1820 - 1860
Why Increased Democratization?
White male suffrage increased
Party nominating committees
Voters chose their state’s slate ...
Why Increased Democratization?
Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats,
etc.)
Two-party system returned in the 1832
...
Jackson’s Opponents in 1824
Henry Clay
[KY]
John Q. Adams
[MA]
John C. Calhoun
[SC]
William H. Crawford
[GA]
Results of the 1824 Election
A “Corrupt Bargain?”
Rachel Jackson
1828 Election Results
The New “Jackson Coalition”
The Planter Elite in the South
Settlers on the Frontier
State Politicians – spo ils syste m
Im...
Jackson’s Faith in the “Common Man”
Intense distrust of Eastern “establishment,”
monopolies, & special privilege.
His hear...
The Reign of “King Mob”
Jacksonian Democracy
Abolish the electoral voting system
Relocate all Indians west of the Mississippi
River
Extinguish the...
1832 Tariff Conflict
1828  “Tariff of Abomination”
1832  new tariff
South Carolina’s reaction?
Jackson’s response?
Clay’...
Indian Removal
Jackson’s Goal?
1830  Indian Removal Act
Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831) - “domestic
dependent nation”
Worces...
The Cherokee Nation After 1820
Indian Removal
Trail of Tears (1838-1839)
The National Bank Debate
Nicholas Biddle Andrew Jackson
1832  Jackson vetoed the extension of the 2nd
National Bank of th...
1832 Election Results
Slaying the Many Headed Monster
The “Monster” Is Destroyed!
1833  Jackson bled
the Bank
1836  The Bank’s
charter expired
1841  The Bank went
bankrupt
The Specie Circular (1836)
“Wildcat banks”
Buy future federal
land only with gold
or silver
Jackson’s goal?
Results of the Specie Circular
$ Banknotes lost their value
$ Land sales plummeted
$ Credit not available
$ Businesses beg...
The 1836 Election Results
The Panic of 1837 Spreads
The Rise of a Mass Democracy
The Rise of a Mass Democracy
The Rise of a Mass Democracy
The Rise of a Mass Democracy
The Rise of a Mass Democracy
The Rise of a Mass Democracy
The Rise of a Mass Democracy
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The Rise of a Mass Democracy

  1. 1. THE RISE OF MASS DEMOCRACY (1824-1840)
  2. 2. Essential Question: Champion of the “Common Man”? “King” Andrew? OR
  3. 3. Voting Requirements
  4. 4. Voter Turnout: 1820 - 1860
  5. 5. Why Increased Democratization? White male suffrage increased Party nominating committees Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential electors Spoils system Rise of Third Parties
  6. 6. Why Increased Democratization? Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.) Two-party system returned in the 1832 election:  Dem-Reps  Natl. Reps. (1828)  Whigs (1832)  Republicans (1854)  Democrats (1828)
  7. 7. Jackson’s Opponents in 1824 Henry Clay [KY] John Q. Adams [MA] John C. Calhoun [SC] William H. Crawford [GA]
  8. 8. Results of the 1824 Election A “Corrupt Bargain?”
  9. 9. Rachel Jackson
  10. 10. 1828 Election Results
  11. 11. The New “Jackson Coalition” The Planter Elite in the South Settlers on the Frontier State Politicians – spo ils syste m Immigrants in the cities
  12. 12. Jackson’s Faith in the “Common Man” Intense distrust of Eastern “establishment,” monopolies, & special privilege. His heart & soul was with the “plain folk.” Belief that the common man was capable of uncommon achievements.
  13. 13. The Reign of “King Mob”
  14. 14. Jacksonian Democracy Abolish the electoral voting system Relocate all Indians west of the Mississippi River Extinguish the national debt Eliminate the Bank of the United States Do away with paper currency
  15. 15. 1832 Tariff Conflict 1828  “Tariff of Abomination” 1832  new tariff South Carolina’s reaction? Jackson’s response? Clay’s “Compromise” Tariff?
  16. 16. Indian Removal Jackson’s Goal? 1830  Indian Removal Act Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831) - “domestic dependent nation” Worcester v. GA (1832) Jackson: “John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!”
  17. 17. The Cherokee Nation After 1820
  18. 18. Indian Removal
  19. 19. Trail of Tears (1838-1839)
  20. 20. The National Bank Debate Nicholas Biddle Andrew Jackson 1832  Jackson vetoed the extension of the 2nd National Bank of the US
  21. 21. 1832 Election Results
  22. 22. Slaying the Many Headed Monster
  23. 23. The “Monster” Is Destroyed! 1833  Jackson bled the Bank 1836  The Bank’s charter expired 1841  The Bank went bankrupt
  24. 24. The Specie Circular (1836) “Wildcat banks” Buy future federal land only with gold or silver Jackson’s goal?
  25. 25. Results of the Specie Circular $ Banknotes lost their value $ Land sales plummeted $ Credit not available $ Businesses began to fail $ Unemployment rose $ Panic of 1837
  26. 26. The 1836 Election Results
  27. 27. The Panic of 1837 Spreads

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