New England Colonies


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New England Colonies

  1. 1. New England Colonies
  2. 2. Themes <ul><ul><li>Motivations for traveling, including religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early histories & life in the Plymouth & Massachusetts Bay colonies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New England society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactions between Native Americans & colonists in New England </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Religion in England <ul><li>Religion was a key motivating factor in the founding of the New England colonies </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1530s, King Henry VIII established the Anglican Church </li></ul>
  4. 4. Religion in England <ul><li>The Puritans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to purify the Church of England to eliminate corrupting Catholic influences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited membership to those who had undergone a conversion experience </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Religion in England <ul><li>The Pilgrims </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separatists who wanted to leave the Anglican Church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stressed godliness, social order, community, & cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed that their most important relationship was their relationship to God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Left England for Holland to escape religious persecution but became concerned with losing their cultural identity </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Plymouth Colony <ul><li>The Mayflower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passengers included 102 men, women, & children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of both “saints” & “strangers” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrived in New England in November 1620 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First landed in Cape Cod, then Provincetown, & finally Plymouth near the site of an abandoned Indian village </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>While on board, 41 Pilgrim leaders signed the Mayflower Compact </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Plymouth Colony <ul><li>Mayflower Compact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declared their support for King James I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a government to establish rules for the colony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was an important step in colonial self-government </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Plymouth Colony
  9. 9. Plymouth Colony
  10. 10. Religion in England <ul><ul><li>Great Puritan Migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious persecution in England increased under King Charles I </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Religion in England
  12. 12. Massachusetts Bay Colony <ul><ul><li>Founded in 1630 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of Congregationalists who wanted to form self-governing churches with members limited to “visible saints” – those who could demonstrate their receipt of God’s grace </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Massachusetts Bay Colony <ul><li>John Winthrop </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated that the Puritans establish a “city upon a hill” as an example to all people of what a godly community could be </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. “ A Model of Christian Charity” <ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Document Study </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Church & State in New England
  16. 16. Dissenters – Roger Williams <ul><ul><li>Minister who called for the separation of church & state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declared that the colonists had no legal right to own land </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Dissenters – Roger Williams
  18. 18. Dissenters – Anne Hutchinson <ul><ul><li>Articulate, strong-willed, & intelligent wife of a prominent merchant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Held prayer meetings in her home to discuss sermons & provide her own commentary on religious matters </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Dissenters – Anne Hutchinson
  20. 20. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  21. 21. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  22. 22. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  23. 23. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  24. 24. Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  25. 25. Connecticut
  26. 26. Pequot War (1636-37)
  27. 27. A Changing Landscape
  28. 28. King Phillip’s War (1675-76)
  29. 29. King Phillip’s War (1675-76)
  30. 30. Review