Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Causes of WWI


Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

Causes of WWI

  1. 1. WORLD WAR I 1914-1919
  2. 2. The Players <ul><li>Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States (1917) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulgaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. “ Main” Causes of WWI <ul><li>M ilitarism </li></ul><ul><li>A lliances </li></ul><ul><li>I mperialism </li></ul><ul><li>N ationalism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Militarism <ul><li>Europe entered the 20 th century in an arms race. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1914, Germany had the biggest arms build-up. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain responded by working to increase the size of its navy. </li></ul><ul><li>The situation was similar on both Russia & France. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Alliances <ul><li>By 1914 all of the major powers were linked by a system of alliances. </li></ul><ul><li>If one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. </li></ul><ul><li>This system made it more likely that a war would start & that it would spread throughout the continent. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Alliances
  7. 7. Imperialism <ul><li>In the years before World War I, all of the major powers were in competition for colonies & territory – particularly in Africa & Asia. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nationalism <ul><li>This was an age when all nations wanted to assert their power and independence. </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe, a rivalry developed among Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, & France. </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, groups living within those countries were fighting for their independence. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Slavs, aided by Serbia & Russia, wanted to be free of Austrian rule. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Spark <ul><li>June 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>The heir to Austrian throne – Archduke Franz Ferdinand - visited Sarajevo, Bosnia </li></ul><ul><li>Gavrilo Princip , a Serbian nationalist, shot the Archduke and wife as a protest against Austrian rule in the region </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Spark <ul><li>In July 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war against Serbia. </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance system pulled one nation after another into the conflict. </li></ul>