Platinum Sponsor for ICLAM 2011 Dr. Dinesh S. Katre Programme Coordinator Human-Centred Design & Computing C-DAC, Pune Feb...
<ul><li>Encoded Archival Description (EAD) standard was developed and tested as part of Online Archive of California, 1995...
<ul><li>Which are the converging and diverging factors of LAMs paradigm? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Indian scenario wit...
Digital Preservation as Common Ground <ul><li>Common areas with domain specific adaptation  </li></ul><ul><li>Collection m...
Metaphorical digital extensions <ul><ul><li>Traditional Activity </li></ul></ul>Digital Extensions The distinguishing aspe...
<ul><ul><li>Traditional Activity </li></ul></ul>Digital Extensions The distinguishing aspects Curation Digital Curation Re...
Inclusive versus domain specific software All inclusive software solutions Omeka claims to web publish libraries, museums,...
Diverging aspects of LAMs <ul><li>Course syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition methods  </li></ul><ul><li>Type of data an...
Diverging aspects of LAMs <ul><li>Administrative systems and procedures  </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue sharing models </li></u...
Museology education International Council of Museums (ICOM) offers the curricula guidelines for the museum professional de...
Archival education Indian scenario School of Archival Studies, National Archives of India, New Delhi One year Diploma Cour...
Library and information science education Indian scenario Approx. 125 universities and research institutes Offer undergrad...
 
<ul><ul><li>MMR – Heritage Conservation Society, Mumbai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince of Wales Museum, Mumbai </li></u...
Cross-museum collaboration for metadata enrichment
Distributed search across homogeneous virtual museums
<ul><li>Incorporate “digital preservation” in the curriculums  of course syllabus for  libraries, archives and museums </l...
<ul><li>Department of Culture  and  Department of Information Technology , Government of India  together  must encourage a...
National Study Report on  Digital Preservation Requirements of India <ul><li>Volume – I  </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations...
Dr. A. K. Chakravarti, Chairman of Expert Group Dr. Dinesh Katre, Principal Investigator (C-DAC) Dr. Gautam Bose, National...
Proceedings of Indo US Workshop Panel recommendations for India’s National Digital Preservation Programme <ul><ul><li>Indo...
National Digital Preservation Programme www.ndpp.in [email_address] Thank You  
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Converging and diverging factors of LAMs Paradigm . Dr. D. S. Katre K

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Converging and diverging factors of LAMs Paradigm . Dr. D. S. Katre K

  1. 1. Platinum Sponsor for ICLAM 2011 Dr. Dinesh S. Katre Programme Coordinator Human-Centred Design & Computing C-DAC, Pune February 16, 2011 Converging and diverging factors of LAMs Paradigm in Digital Preservation with Gap Analysis from Indian Perspective
  2. 2. <ul><li>Encoded Archival Description (EAD) standard was developed and tested as part of Online Archive of California, 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>RLG Partners are conducting investigation into LAMs collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>RLG Partners Social Metadata Working Group is exploring how users in the social networks could be used to benefit LAMs convergence </li></ul><ul><li>As per OCLC, LAMs convergence has been a popular topic for panel debates and workshops, which has raised theoretical issues and some experimental evidence of ‘interoperability’ at metadata level </li></ul>Current trends
  3. 3. <ul><li>Which are the converging and diverging factors of LAMs paradigm? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the Indian scenario with respect to this convergence? </li></ul>Questions (?)
  4. 4. Digital Preservation as Common Ground <ul><li>Common areas with domain specific adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Collection management </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Information science </li></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul>
  5. 5. Metaphorical digital extensions <ul><ul><li>Traditional Activity </li></ul></ul>Digital Extensions The distinguishing aspects Library Digital Library Information systems to manage and acces s the collection of digitized published books, born digital e-books, published documents and e-media Archive Digital Archive Information systems to manage the digitized official documents, electronic official records, digitized or e-media of historical interest Museum Virtual Museum Information systems to manage and access the collection of digital surrogates, replicas and digital documentation of artifacts pertaining to human heritage Record Keeping Electronic Record Management Manage / maintain the digital surrogates and electronic official records Archeology Digital Archeology Discovery, reading and interpretation of data on obsolete or damaged storage device or media or technology and in obsolete, unknown file formats
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Traditional Activity </li></ul></ul>Digital Extensions The distinguishing aspects Curation Digital Curation Restoration or recovery of lossy digital data or the reconstruction of digital replicas of broken physical artifacts #1 Collection Management Digital Collection Management No clear definition could be found on the Internet #2 Preservation Digital Preservation Archival, management, curation of both digital surrogates and born digital data for access over time. Repository Trusted Digital Repository Reliable, long-term access to managed digital resources to its Designated Community , now and into the future .
  7. 7. Inclusive versus domain specific software All inclusive software solutions Omeka claims to web publish libraries, museums, archives Canadian Digital Collection Builder (DCB) claims to make it simple for libraries, archives, and other heritage organizations CollectiveAccess meant to integrate and web publish museums, archives and digital collections Domain specific software solutions DSpace meant to build digital repository Greenstone meant to build digital library collections CONTENTdm collection management system JATAN: Virtual Museum Builder specially designed for “Indian” museums
  8. 8. Diverging aspects of LAMs <ul><li>Course syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition methods </li></ul><ul><li>Type of data and file formats </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of content creation </li></ul><ul><li>Classification systems </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of object description (metadata) </li></ul><ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><li>Digital preservation strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Data sharing / distribution rules / copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy and confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Legal sensitivities associated with the materials </li></ul><ul><li>Standards and practices </li></ul>
  9. 9. Diverging aspects of LAMs <ul><li>Administrative systems and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue sharing models </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability models </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional / government policies </li></ul><ul><li>User expectations (type of knowledge, user experience, </li></ul><ul><li>usability, human-computer interaction design) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Museology education International Council of Museums (ICOM) offers the curricula guidelines for the museum professional development Indian scenario Banaras Hindu University (BHU) Master of Arts course which unfolds over a period of 2 years. This course gives greater emphasis on regular topics of museology which include history of museums and collections, documentation, presentation and interpretation, management and administration, etc. National Museum Institute, New Delhi Two year long Master of Arts in Museology course. They also offer Ph.D. programme in Museology. M.A/ M.Sc. University of Calcutta Degree Course of Study in Museology which mentions about mentions about museum technology or use of information technology Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Mumbai offer exposure to computerized and digital methodology of documentation in museums using the JATAN: Virtual Museum Builder system developed by C-DAC, Pune Delhi Institute of Heritage Research and Management Offers two course which are namely Master in Archaeology and Heritage Management; and Master in Conservation, Preservation and Heritage Management
  11. 11. Archival education Indian scenario School of Archival Studies, National Archives of India, New Delhi One year Diploma Course in Archives and Records Management Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Vishva Vidyalaya, Agra Post Graduate Diploma in Archival Studies and Museology, which is for 2 years duration Centre for Heritage Studies, Kochi, Kerala offers one year Post Graduate Diploma in Archival Studies International scenario Society of American Archives (SAA) provides guidelines for Graduate Programme in Archival Studies which emphasize on Digital Records and Access Systems, human-computer interaction, database management, information architecture, website design and creation, metadata encoding, markup languages and programming for archivists. Academy of Certified Archivists, Institute of Certified Records Managers (ICRM) Certified archival professional
  12. 12. Library and information science education Indian scenario Approx. 125 universities and research institutes Offer undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph.D degrees International scenario Separate courses for Library Science and Information Science PG level courses in information science are giving coverage to advanced topics like digital collection management, knowledge organization and representation, information architecture, search and retrieval, digital rights, human-computer interaction, usability, social media, data / digital curation, digital preservation and access, etc.
  13. 14. <ul><ul><li>MMR – Heritage Conservation Society, Mumbai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prince of Wales Museum, Mumbai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum, Pune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heritage Information System for Monuments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victoria Memorial Museum, Kolkata (New) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Cross-museum collaboration for metadata enrichment
  15. 16. Distributed search across homogeneous virtual museums
  16. 17. <ul><li>Incorporate “digital preservation” in the curriculums of course syllabus for libraries, archives and museums </li></ul><ul><li>Develop common interoperability standards (with local adaptations and international alignment both) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop specialized software solutions for building digital museums, digital archives, digital libraries and repositories to address the local user requirements in Indian socio-economic context. </li></ul><ul><li>Our first priority should be to develop and sustain some digital museums, digital archives and digital libraries with shared objectives and interests. </li></ul><ul><li>  Achieve convergence between homogenous entities first and heterogeneous entities as the next logical step (E.g. converge museums with museums or archives with archives first and then LAMs to build further on this success) </li></ul>Bridging the gap from Indian perspective
  17. 18. <ul><li>Department of Culture and Department of Information Technology , Government of India together must encourage and proactively support the modernization of museums, archives and libraries with the possible convergence as its long-term objective. Proper ecosystem for nurturing and sustaining the digital preservation life cycle is essential (Katre, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>  A professional society or a forum needs to be created, which could consolidate / integrate the LAMs professionals in India together. </li></ul>Bridging the gap from Indian perspective
  18. 19. National Study Report on Digital Preservation Requirements of India <ul><li>Volume – I </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for National Digital Preservation Programme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 1. Need of Digital Preservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 2. Scope of Digital Preservation in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 3. Recommendations for NDPP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Volume – II </li></ul><ul><li>Position Papers by National Expert Group Members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23 Status Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stakeholder Recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short Term (3Yrs) and Long Term Actions (10Yrs) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Dr. A. K. Chakravarti, Chairman of Expert Group Dr. Dinesh Katre, Principal Investigator (C-DAC) Dr. Gautam Bose, National Informatics Centre Ms. Renu Budhiraja, e-Governance Division, DIT Mr. Sumnesh Joshi, Unique Identification Authority of India Dr. Meena Gautam, National Archives of India Ms. Debjani Nag, Controller of Certifying Authorities Mr. Vakul Sharma, Supreme Court Dr. Mukul Sinha, Expert Software Consultants Dr. Kamalini Dutt, Doordarshan Dr. Ramesh C. Gaur, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts Ms. Manju Mathur, All India Radio Dr. S. B. Bhattacharyya, e-Health Consultant Dr. Usha Munshi, Indian Institute of Public Administration Dr. Vandana Sinha, American Institute of Indian Studies Dr. A. Moorthy, Defence Scientific Information & Documentation Centre, DRDO Mr. Ramchandra Budihal, WIPRO Mr. Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, IBM Mr. V.V.S. Nageswara Rao, National Remote Sensing Centre, Dept of Space Mr. Zia Saquib, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing Mr. Ashok Kapoor, Reserve Bank of India Mr. Patrick Kishor, State Bank of India Mr. Sukhdev Singh, National Informatics Centre Mr. Vivek K. Srivastava, e-Governance Division, DIT Ms. Seema Sridhar, Life Insurance Corporation of India Mr. N. S. Mani, National Archives of India Mr. V. H. Jadhav, National Film Archives of India Dr. V. C. V. Rao, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing Dr. Y.K. Somayajulu, National Institute of Oceanography May 20-21, 2010 National Meet of Expert Group Members from 30 different stakeholder organizations held at C-DAC, Pune
  20. 21. Proceedings of Indo US Workshop Panel recommendations for India’s National Digital Preservation Programme <ul><ul><li>Indo-US Workshop on International Trends in Digital Preservation March 23-24, 2009 </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. National Digital Preservation Programme www.ndpp.in [email_address] Thank You 

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