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Health and Safety
Computers and health <ul><li>Not so long ago, computers were expected to release humans from the drudgery of boring and re...
Stress <ul><li>Major factor in work-related illness </li></ul><ul><li>Ways in which computers put pressure on workers </li...
RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury) <ul><li>Usually affects hands, wrists, elbows, arms, shoulders and neck </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Eyestrain <ul><li>Long hours spent in front of a screen </li></ul><ul><li>No evidence that computers cause permanent damag...
ELF (Extremely Low Frequency) radiation <ul><li>Exposure to ELF is an everyday occurrence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can occur ...
Computers, Health and the law <ul><li>Employers are required to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform an analysis of workstations ...
Computers, Health and the law <ul><li>Employees have a responsibility to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use workstations and equipm...
Computers, Health and the law <ul><li>Manufacturers are required to ensure that their products comply with the Directive. ...
The ergonomic environment <ul><li>Ergonomics refers to the design and functionality of the environment, and encompasses th...
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3f - Health & Safety

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3f - Health & Safety

  1. 1. Health and Safety
  2. 2. Computers and health <ul><li>Not so long ago, computers were expected to release humans from the drudgery of boring and repetitive work </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays, computers are deemed responsible for a whole range of h ealth hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eyestrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ELF radiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backache </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Stress <ul><li>Major factor in work-related illness </li></ul><ul><li>Ways in which computers put pressure on workers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They may be used to monitor performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They induce fear and panic – particularly in older people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be impossible to escape them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile phones, modems, laptops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information overload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed of development contributes to stress-related illnesses </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury) <ul><li>Usually affects hands, wrists, elbows, arms, shoulders and neck </li></ul><ul><li>Can develop to be very debilitating </li></ul><ul><li>Once it develops it tends to recur </li></ul><ul><li>HSE says more than 100,000 workers suffer to some degree </li></ul>
  5. 5. Eyestrain <ul><li>Long hours spent in front of a screen </li></ul><ul><li>No evidence that computers cause permanent damage </li></ul><ul><li>The following factors all contribute to at least temporary eyestrain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improper lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improperly corrected vision (wrong glasses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor work practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poorly designed workstations </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. ELF (Extremely Low Frequency) radiation <ul><li>Exposure to ELF is an everyday occurrence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can occur naturally – sun, fire, magnetic effects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research suggests that effects of ELF are increasing </li></ul><ul><li>Some studies try to link ELF to early miscarriages </li></ul><ul><li>No clear-cut results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is evidence of some correlation between miscarriages and hours spent at a VDU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This could be due to other factors such as stress and workplace conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ongoing controversy over mobile phones </li></ul>
  7. 7. Computers, Health and the law <ul><li>Employers are required to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform an analysis of workstations in order to evaluate the safety and health conditions to which they give rise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide training to employees in the use of workstation components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure employees take regular breaks or changes in activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide regular eye tests for workstation users and pay for glasses </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Computers, Health and the law <ul><li>Employees have a responsibility to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use workstations and equipment correctly, in accordance with training provided by employers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring problems to the attention of their employer immediately and co-operate in the correction of these problems </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Computers, Health and the law <ul><li>Manufacturers are required to ensure that their products comply with the Directive. For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Screens must tilt and swivel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboards must be separate and moveable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notebook PCs are not suitable for entering large amounts of data </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The ergonomic environment <ul><li>Ergonomics refers to the design and functionality of the environment, and encompasses the entire range of environmental factors. Employers must give consideration to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting: office well lit, with blinds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Furniture: chairs of adjustable height, with tilting backrest, swiveling on five-point base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work space: combination of chair, desk, computer, accessories, lighting, heating and ventilation all contribute to overall well-being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noise: e.g. noisy printers relocated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware: screen must tilt and swivel and be flicker-free, the keyboard separately attached </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software: should facilitate task, be easy to use and adaptable to user’s experience </li></ul></ul>

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