The Global Trends in Open, Distance and
Online Learning - ODL
4th ACDE Conference and General Assembly
Victoria Falls, 7 J...
Overview:
What is this presentation about?
• This presentation is about trends in ODL in an African perspective. Education...
• The leading global membership organization for open, distance and online
education
• An NGO official partner of UNESCO, ...
ICDE’s member-driven agenda
ICDE OER Chair
– global south
The network of ICDE Chairs in OER
currently consists of five distinguished
and international...
ICDE upcoming events
The picture
1,0
1,5
2,0
2,5
3,0
Being Employed High wages Good to
excellent health
Participation in
volunteer
activities
High levels o...
THE STATE OF HIGHER EDUCATION:
Selected key findings and rec.
• Findings
• The public and individuals benefit
from higher ...
THE STATE OF HIGHER EDUCATION:
Selected key findings and rec.
• Recommendations
• Higher education institutions should
hel...
The BIG picture
• The growth in higher education is massive
20442030
320
400
2007 - 2030
Mill. students
EU/OECD projections
the need for HE
by 2030: 400 mill.
The BIG picture
• The changes in higher education is dramatic
Job OK Job ?
The BIG picture
http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/
http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/
Africa is doing better than average
http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/
Many countries have remarkeble
progress on education, on health
http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/
Better integration of education
and vaulue chains needed
The BIG Picture
• Online and distance education is steadily
increasing all over the world
India Sweden
Russia
South Americ...
The BIG picture
• MOOC took the world (?) with storm, peaked, and
opened up for massive innovation in education
Coursera ”Learning Hubs”
MOOCs trends
Numbers per June 2014
Who take MOOC ?
2013 (ECAR)
First generation
MOOCs are primarily
targeting those that
already have – and
not the have not'...
Are MOOCs Really Open? MOOC or MOC?
No, all rights reserved.
No, non-OER license.
No, all rights reserved.
Note: some inst...
Karl Aberer
Pierre Dillenbourg
http://moocs.epfl.ch/eu-mooc-summit
Mind to MOOCs
Overview, reflections and brainstorming in whitening water
Think tank 20 October 2013, Open
Universitty of C...
Excerpts from ICDE Mind to MOOCs report
A few of the issues and recommendations
Equity.
• Consider this initiative as an o...
The BIG picture
• Online, Distance (ODL) and on Campus Learning
are converging => Blended
BlendedODL
Campus
• And as a res...
The BIG picture
• Three streams work in parallel:
– Online becomes mature – and Internet/mobile:
freedom from distance, mo...
The BIG picture
• We are in the beginning (of the beginning) –
example: mobile technology
We are in the beginning of the
beginning
State of Broadband Report 2013 www.broadbandcommission.org
Libya and broadband
- use your strengths
The digital divide is holding Africa back, but by using
available capacity, like ...
Image: O3b Networks
Google's Project Loon uses big networked
air balloons to fill internet black holes
Google to launch 18...
African Undersea
Cables
Picture updated
May 2014
http://manypossibilities.net/african-undersea-cables/
We are in the
begin...
The Governments move…..
BIG
IOMS(ITOperations
Managementsystem)
ISMS(Informationsecurity
managementsystem)
……
Software & Education resource Services
(...
The Governments move…..
Small
http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/kd/dep/styrer-rad-og-utvalg/utvalg-om-hoyere-
utdanningstilbud-pa-net.html?id=732679
• Th...
The BIGtrends
The Open University Catalunia
Innovate from within,
put faculty in the lead
2014 2011
The Innovative University: What Coll...
Open
knowledge
Societal needs
Technology
Students needs
and
expectations
OERCost
Trends, within
the framwork of globalisat...
The BERTAproject
Bringing
Educational
Resources For
Teachers in
Africa
ACDE and ICDE:
- a joint collaborative agenda
New teachers
needed
in classroom (??)
by 2015
And the need
For new teachers
by 2030……….
An idea consulted
among stakeholders:
• To develop a high quality Open Educational
Resource, OER, as open online coursewar...
The Consortium
• Fundació per a la
Universitat Oberta de
Catalunya (FUOC) –
Spain
• South African Institute
for Distance E...
Idea
Consult
Call
Consortium
1/2012 2/12 1/13 2/13 1/14
Project
Deliver
Implement
2/14 1/15 2/15
Effect
Expand
Cooperation...
Taking BERTA to phase 2
• The BERTA project is a symbolic action to demonstrate
the opportunities and potential of Open Ed...
The BIGGERopportunities
OER and Open and
Distance Learning can
increase the impact of
investments in knowledge
OER &
ODL
Open Access – open scienc...
Quality OER and ODL
can make dreams come through
- Without OER and ODL, dreams might end up as wishful thinking
Education ...
an old African proverb
"If you want to go quickly, go alone. If
you want to go far, go together."
Thank you!
titlestad@icde.org
www.icde.org
African Perspective on The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL
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African Perspective on The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL

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This presentation is about trends in ODL in an African perspective. Education and learning is probably that single thing that has the greatest impact on humans and societies, in particular in a long term perspective.
Higher education is increasing more rapid than ever, and Africa is a hot spot for future HE. Africa is lagging compared with richer parts of the world, but is catching up faster than many would have believed. However, better integration between education and economic value chains has to be more in focus.
For the post 2015 education agenda Quality Open Education Resources and ODL can make dreams come through. In fact, without OER and ODL, dreams about quality education for all might end up as wishful thinking.
Not all that shines is gold, and the MOOC hype has been replaced by a good portion scepticism in particular regarding target groups, lack of student success and learning outcomes. However, the driving forces for open knowledge are so strong that we again and again will se waves of innovations riding on online learning and mobile broadband, where Africa will through time will catch up and close the digital gap.
Teachers and teachers trainers is the key to educational success for Africa, and competencies and capability to provide quality ODL will be in the core. "If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together”, an old African proverb says. And ICDE is prepared to go far together with ACDE.

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African Perspective on The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL

  1. 1. The Global Trends in Open, Distance and Online Learning - ODL 4th ACDE Conference and General Assembly Victoria Falls, 7 June 2014 Gard Titlestad Secretary General International Council For Open and Distance Education, ICDE
  2. 2. Overview: What is this presentation about? • This presentation is about trends in ODL in an African perspective. Education and learning is probably that single thing that has the greatest impact on humans and societies, in particular in a long term perspective. • Higher education is increasing more rapid than ever, and Africa is a hot spot for future HE. Africa is lagging compared with richer parts of the world, but is catching up faster than many would have believed. However, better integration between education and economic value chains has to be more in focus. • For the post 2015 education agenda Quality Open Education Resources and ODL can make dreams come through. In fact, without OER and ODL, dreams about quality education for all might end up as wishful thinking. • Not all that shines is gold, and the MOOC hype has been replaced by a good portion scepticism in particular regarding target groups, lack of student success and learning outcomes. However, the driving forces for open knowledge are so strong that we again and again will se waves of innovations riding on online learning and mobile broadband, where Africa will through time will catch up and close the digital gap. • Teachers and teachers trainers is the key to educational success for Africa, and competencies and capability to provide quality ODL will be in the core. "If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together”, an old African proverb says. And ICDE is prepared to go far together with ACDE.
  3. 3. • The leading global membership organization for open, distance and online education • An NGO official partner of UNESCO, and shares that agency’s key aim – the attainment of quality education for all • ICDE believes that in pursuing education as a universal right, the needs of the learner must be central. • Members in all regions of the world 25 Years Support From Norway
  4. 4. ICDE’s member-driven agenda
  5. 5. ICDE OER Chair – global south The network of ICDE Chairs in OER currently consists of five distinguished and internationally recognized academics in the field of OER: • Rory McGreal from Athabasca University, Canada • Wayne Mackintosh from Otago Polytechnic, New Zealand • Fred Mulder, Former Rector Open Universiteit, The Netherlands • Martin Weller, The Open University, UK • Maria Soledad Ramirez Montoya, Tecnólogico de Monterrey, México. ICDE Chairs in Open Educational Resources - call for proposals from the Global South • ICDE is considering the extension of the network of ICDE Chairs in Open Educational Resources (OER). • The network, where possible, works in collaboration with UNESCO and existing UNESCO Chairs in OER.
  6. 6. ICDE upcoming events
  7. 7. The picture
  8. 8. 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 Being Employed High wages Good to excellent health Participation in volunteer activities High levels of political efficacy High levels of trust 2 Skills transform lives and drive economies Odds ratio Increased likelihood of positive outcomes for adults with higher literacy skills (scoring at PIAAC Level 4/5 compared with those scoring at Level 1 or below) Andreas Schleicher, OECD, Wellington, 28 March Education: Power to transform
  9. 9. THE STATE OF HIGHER EDUCATION: Selected key findings and rec. • Findings • The public and individuals benefit from higher education, HE, in financial and non financial ways. – HE generates positive returns to the public in general, as well as to the people who obtain degrees. • HE without a degree does not boost earnings. – Although there are some benefits to HEparticipation, even if no degree is earned, drop-outs do not usually enjoy the same financial returns that degree holders can expect.
  10. 10. THE STATE OF HIGHER EDUCATION: Selected key findings and rec. • Recommendations • Higher education institutions should help students succeed and graduate. – Higher education institutions should ensure that students are informed of the financial and non-financial risks of dropping out of higher education. Effective student support services can help students succeed and graduate. • Student aid is important to ensure cost sharing does not limit access.
  11. 11. The BIG picture • The growth in higher education is massive
  12. 12. 20442030 320 400 2007 - 2030 Mill. students EU/OECD projections the need for HE by 2030: 400 mill.
  13. 13. The BIG picture • The changes in higher education is dramatic Job OK Job ?
  14. 14. The BIG picture
  15. 15. http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ Africa is doing better than average
  16. 16. http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ Many countries have remarkeble progress on education, on health
  17. 17. http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/ Better integration of education and vaulue chains needed
  18. 18. The BIG Picture • Online and distance education is steadily increasing all over the world India Sweden Russia South America The US Africa Australia China
  19. 19. The BIG picture • MOOC took the world (?) with storm, peaked, and opened up for massive innovation in education
  20. 20. Coursera ”Learning Hubs” MOOCs trends Numbers per June 2014
  21. 21. Who take MOOC ? 2013 (ECAR) First generation MOOCs are primarily targeting those that already have – and not the have not's.
  22. 22. Are MOOCs Really Open? MOOC or MOC? No, all rights reserved. No, non-OER license. No, all rights reserved. Note: some institutions using CC anyway. Yes, CC BY or CC BY-SA Partial, CC BY-NC on some Most MOOCs are open only in the sense of free enrollment. Paul Stacey, Associate Director of Global Learning, Creative Commons, Oktober 2013 MOOC or MOC
  23. 23. Karl Aberer Pierre Dillenbourg http://moocs.epfl.ch/eu-mooc-summit
  24. 24. Mind to MOOCs Overview, reflections and brainstorming in whitening water Think tank 20 October 2013, Open Universitty of China, Beijing, China To be reported to the ICDE Standing Conference of Presidents meeting and Policy Forum
  25. 25. Excerpts from ICDE Mind to MOOCs report A few of the issues and recommendations Equity. • Consider this initiative as an opportunity to rethink our role as universities and take up MOOCs. . • Integrate open MOOCs in our respective institutions • National, regional and transnational cooperation is a great opportunity in developing MOOC and MOOC-alike concepts. Diversity. • Undertake contextualized strategies when implementing MOOCs • Be aware of cultural and language aspects → anglo-centric core, colonialism • OER and OCW as the basis for MOOC will ease contextual, cultural and language adaptation Innovation and Quality. • Improve and innovate on pedagogical aspects: methodologies, content formats, assessment. • Provide learning analytics as a tool for improving the courses. Connect the learning process and research for new knowledge and improvements. • Promote research about MOOCs. • Keep moving towards quality. Beyond quantity of MOOCs and users, the focus on quality is essential for sustainability.
  26. 26. The BIG picture • Online, Distance (ODL) and on Campus Learning are converging => Blended BlendedODL Campus • And as a result – an even more diverse higher education landscape……
  27. 27. The BIG picture • Three streams work in parallel: – Online becomes mature – and Internet/mobile: freedom from distance, mobile broadband: freedom from location – New methodologies, content and pedagogy – new opportunities for student supportive teaching – New knowledge about the brain and learning, new knowledge in neurosciences
  28. 28. The BIG picture • We are in the beginning (of the beginning) – example: mobile technology
  29. 29. We are in the beginning of the beginning State of Broadband Report 2013 www.broadbandcommission.org
  30. 30. Libya and broadband - use your strengths The digital divide is holding Africa back, but by using available capacity, like for example mobile broadband, for selected target groups, for example teachers – Quality Online Learning can take place despite digital divide.
  31. 31. Image: O3b Networks Google's Project Loon uses big networked air balloons to fill internet black holes Google to launch 180 satellites in $1bn plan to cover the unwired Several initiatives for covering the unwired underway
  32. 32. African Undersea Cables Picture updated May 2014 http://manypossibilities.net/african-undersea-cables/ We are in the beginning of the beginning
  33. 33. The Governments move….. BIG
  34. 34. IOMS(ITOperations Managementsystem) ISMS(Informationsecurity managementsystem) …… Software & Education resource Services ( Open, shared, quality and massive education resources and e-learning software ( Platform Services ( Portal, CAS, Teaching, Managing, Support service, Research, etc.( Infrastructure Services ( IDC, Computing and storage pools, high-speed network ( … … … … Mobile Internet Satellite Network VPN Internet Networks Terminals Cloud OUC Pad Cloud Desktop Cloud TV Cloud Phone Cloud Classroom “Cloud-based” technology support model Ref. Yang Zhijian, president Open University of China, ICDE world Conference, Tianjin, China October 2013
  35. 35. The Governments move….. Small
  36. 36. http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/kd/dep/styrer-rad-og-utvalg/utvalg-om-hoyere- utdanningstilbud-pa-net.html?id=732679 • The Norwegian MOOC Commission was appointed by Royal Decree on 21 June 2013. • Final report, green paper, expected in June 2014. • A white paper on structures and financial regulations foreseen in 2015.
  37. 37. The BIGtrends
  38. 38. The Open University Catalunia Innovate from within, put faculty in the lead 2014 2011 The Innovative University: What College Presidents Think About Change in American Higher Education, Chronicle
  39. 39. Open knowledge Societal needs Technology Students needs and expectations OERCost Trends, within the framwork of globalisation and internationalisation HE needs – 1 U a week Demographics Globalisation Enabling economic growth Access Open Access eInfrrastructures eScience Automation Robots Sensors 2020 – 80% connected Internet of things Open Research Open Data Open Innovation US quadruppling Southern Europe…. Developing economies ICT Habitus Flexibility Employability Lifelong
  40. 40. The BERTAproject Bringing Educational Resources For Teachers in Africa ACDE and ICDE: - a joint collaborative agenda
  41. 41. New teachers needed in classroom (??) by 2015
  42. 42. And the need For new teachers by 2030……….
  43. 43. An idea consulted among stakeholders: • To develop a high quality Open Educational Resource, OER, as open online courseware for training teachers/ faculty in open , distance and online learning. • Target group for the project result: Teacher trainers. • The first regional area of priority should be Africa. • A regional focus on Asia will be considered when the project has delivered.
  44. 44. The Consortium • Fundació per a la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (FUOC) – Spain • South African Institute for Distance Education, SAIDE, South Africa
  45. 45. Idea Consult Call Consortium 1/2012 2/12 1/13 2/13 1/14 Project Deliver Implement 2/14 1/15 2/15 Effect Expand Cooperation Awareness Anchoring Improvement Fundraising Phase 1
  46. 46. Taking BERTA to phase 2 • The BERTA project is a symbolic action to demonstrate the opportunities and potential of Open Educational Resources and distance education as a concept for improving the quality of education delivery in Africa. • A joint agenda for ACDE and ICDE is to see how the BERTA initiative can be successfully taken to the next phase and further developed for implementation at African universities. • Collaboration on open content, teachers education, methodology and technolgy can contribute to the African Education Area.
  47. 47. The BIGGERopportunities
  48. 48. OER and Open and Distance Learning can increase the impact of investments in knowledge OER & ODL Open Access – open science Research based OER Research based teaching Innovation in education – open innovation Innovate the learning system – flip the classroom Knowledge supply for innovation High quality education Research based education Resource based education Open education
  49. 49. Quality OER and ODL can make dreams come through - Without OER and ODL, dreams might end up as wishful thinking Education for all!?
  50. 50. an old African proverb "If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together."
  51. 51. Thank you! titlestad@icde.org www.icde.org

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