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History of Online Education


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History of Online Education

  1. 1. E-LearningThe History of Online Education Information Culture September 16, 2012
  2. 2. Section Topics Section One Personal Experience Section Two The Beginnings Section Three Teething Problems Section Four Addressing the Challenges Information Culture Sept 22, 2012
  3. 3. Personal ExperienceI first became interested in online training in 2003 when I worked for acommunity bank with limited funds for staff development.Enrolled in MSc E-Learning in 2003 and graduated in 2007.Research / Thesis was titled “A Study of Online Teaching and LearningExperiences in Higher Education” and focused evaluating online teachingand learning experiences based on existing models of teaching online.Since then I have been involved in teaching / training and instructionaldesign both in my full-time job as well as my adjunct work. CampusOne was the University of Ulster’s first online / E-Learning “campus” launched in 2002. Information Culture Sept 22, 2012
  4. 4. The BeginningsE-Learning or Online Learning within colleges and universities, evolvedfrom the correspondence learning model, which had been around formany years.In the business word, E-Learning began in the early 80s with computerbased programs used to train employees. Most early E-Learning course were1992 saw the beginning of the World Wide Web and with it came better delivered directly through he use of aways to distribute and access information via the Internet. telephone line and a Modem.The Mid – Late 1990s saw the growth of academic institutions offeringonline courses. CalCampus was one of the early innovators, whichpreviously offered computer assisted learning programs dating back to1982.By the early 21st century, many educational institutions began offering E-Learning options and many business organizations took advantage of theopportunities presented by the web and online training initiatives. Information Culture Sept 22, 2012
  5. 5. Teething Problems Commercial Word Business organizations tried to integrate E-Learning as a cost- saving approach to training. Often they did not have the expertise needed and required the help from outside consultants. Academic World Early adopters who were experienced with the correspondence model continued to integrate this approach in the online environment! Source: Information Culture Sept 22, 2012
  6. 6. Addressing the ChallengesInstructional Systems Development is the process of developing courses that arewell designed and thought out, which meet a specific set of learning objectives.It is necessary to adopt proper ISD principles to the online learning environment.Temptation to simply “package” lessons and curriculum from face-to-face andcorrespondence materials to the online format was common.Unfortunately this led to poor use of the technology available. In cases where face-to-face material was used in an online course, considerations for student-student, student-instructor interaction were not made. “ADDIE is an acronym for Analysis, Design, Development, ImplemThe solution was to develop a plan for robust ISD specifically for online courses that entation, and Evaluation. This modelwould make use of all the available technologies. guides you through the process of creating effective educational courses and materials for your audience.” Synchronous strategies – Live web-conferencing and chat Asynchronous strategies – Proper use of multi-media learning objects, discussion and collaboration technologies Evaluation strategies – Ways to effectively “test” students knowledge at a distance.>>> Fast Forward …. How are we doing today in 2012?Image Source: Information Culture Sept 22, 2012
  7. 7. Additional SourcesThe challenges of the learning object paradigm business models in eLearning and Challenges of E-Learning In the business word informal history of eLearning E-learning in the Academic Environment in an online learning context Information Culture Sept 22, 2012
  8. 8. Questions Information Culture September 16, 2012