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ICT Carbon Accounting | Guy Hudson


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ICT Carbon Accounting | Guy Hudson

  1. 1. Guy Hudson, Convenor “ I nternational network for C arbon A ccounting R eporting, and R eduction in the B uilt environment “ ICT Workgroup
  2. 2. ICARB <ul><li>Positioning: a clear need – to ensure consistent and therefore comparable carbon accounting </li></ul><ul><li>At a formative stage </li></ul>
  3. 3. ICARB <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean applied to ICT? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we achieve the objective? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pushing at an open door <ul><li>ISO/BSI, the Carbon Trust and the supply chain </li></ul><ul><li>Industry initiatives PAS2050 </li></ul><ul><li>Solving the E-Waste Problem [StEP] </li></ul><ul><li>Green Grid </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Savers Computing Initiative [CSCI] </li></ul><ul><li>The Information Age Partnership [IAP] </li></ul><ul><li>Market Transformation Programme [MTP] </li></ul><ul><li>Saving the climate @ the speed of light [SC@SoL] </li></ul>
  5. 5. ICARB Consistent carbon accounting <ul><li>Scope is very large </li></ul><ul><li>Deep but very narrow </li></ul><ul><li>Divided up into – 10? workgroups </li></ul>
  6. 6. The world according to ICARB 2 Dimensions of the problem Sectors Scope Individuals Communities Cities Government Buildings ICT Footprinting
  7. 7. Footprinting <ul><ul><li>Boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculation - Energy x Factor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunities for improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[Offset] </li></ul></ul>The Process
  8. 8. 3 rd Dimensions of the problem Units, Metrics, Factors Datasets Boundaries For each sector. Each application level - identify parameters (organisations and projects considered in the sector subcommittees) Parameters
  9. 9. The ICT Workgroup? Steering Committee Sectors Scope Parameters
  10. 10. Identify Problem Generate Solutions Select Solutions Plan Test/ Rehearse Action Gather Data Analyse Data Achieving the objective - Solving the problem Define some of the solution characteristics
  11. 11. The solution will involve: Open source, Standards –based <ul><li>Methodologies open and available to all </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bookshelf technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using current standards for CO2 and CO2e calculations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GHG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Trust/DEFRA - PAS2050 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ITIL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>=> Meta standard: practical – defining the grey areas </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 5 Principles for calculating emissions <ul><li>Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Completeness </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul><ul><li>‘ and the greatest of these is consistency’ </li></ul>The Greenhouse Gas Protocol World Resources Institute, report submitted to the IPCC)
  13. 13. Relevance <ul><li>The GHG inventory should reflect the GHG emissions of the organisation. </li></ul><ul><li>(ICT only of user organisation, but whole organisation of an ICT company) </li></ul><ul><li>It should serve the decision-making needs of users – both internal and external to the organisation. (Supply chain) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Completeness <ul><li>Account for and report on all GHG emission sources and activities within the chosen inventory boundary. </li></ul><ul><li>Disclose and justify any specific exclusions. </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacture – Use – Dispose </li></ul>
  15. 15. Consistency <ul><li>Use consistent methodologies to allow for meaningful comparisons of emissions over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Document any changes to the data, inventory boundary, methods, or any other relevant factors in the time series. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Transparency <ul><li> Disclose any relevant assumptions and make appropriate references to the accounting and calculation methodologies and data sources used. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a clear audit trail. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Accuracy <ul><li>Ensure that the quantification of GHG emissions is robust, and that uncertainties are reduced as far as practicable. </li></ul><ul><li>With sufficient accuracy to enable users to make decisions with reasonable confidence. </li></ul>
  18. 18. ICT Emissions Calcs <ul><li>ICT ‘Environments’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Server Room </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support Dematerialised Growth </li></ul><ul><li>The Footprinting Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculation - Energy x Factor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantify opportunities for improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[Offset] </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. ICT Industry - Carbon Culture Suppliers ICT Co. User Org. Disposal Embedded Embedded Operational End of Life Dematerialised
  20. 20. ICARB ICT <ul><li>Purchasing in the supply chain (ITIL?) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>embedded carbon/operational/disposal carbon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT Product embedded carbon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT strategic decisions with carbon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Software choices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IT environments (eg the desktop) decision making </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Each workgroup <ul><li>Position paper at the October conference </li></ul><ul><li>Gather data for standards and initiatives in the industry </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate with other workgroups to define boundaries, share information on useful datasets etc. </li></ul>
  22. 22. ICARB <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean applied to ICT? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we achieve the objective? </li></ul>
  23. 23. The ICARB ICT Workgroup <ul><ul><li>Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+447958157532 </li></ul></ul>