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Carbon Counting at Edinburgh Council | Janice Pawels


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Carbon Counting at Edinburgh Council | Janice Pawels

  1. 1. Carbon Counting Projects in the City of Edinburgh Council Janice Pauwels Head of Sustainable Development Department of Corporate Services
  2. 2. Edinburgh Vision- “to lead the most successful and sustainable city region in northern Europe by 2015 and sustain the highest quality of life of any UK city. Also To achieve a carbon free Edinburgh by 2050
  3. 3. Climate Change/Carbon Drivers <ul><li>Scottish Climate Change Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed UK Climate Change Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Performance in Buildings Directive </li></ul><ul><li>Single Outcome Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Reduction Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Management Plan </li></ul>Changing Our Ways – Scotland’s Climate Change Programme’ 5 Key Themes – green enterprise, reducing landfill, renewable energy, low carbon economy, quality environment Choosing our Future – Scotland’s Sustainable Development Strategy’ A range of issues covered to contribute to a more sustainable future
  4. 4. <ul><li>Long standing commitment to Sustainable Development and to Climate Change </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climate Change – Some CEC Milestones <ul><li>First major report on CC approved in Jun 06 </li></ul><ul><li>DE Feasibility Study commissioned June 06 </li></ul><ul><li>New Climate Change targets approved in October 06 </li></ul><ul><li>DE Study launched Nov 06 </li></ul><ul><li>Signatory to the Scottish Climate Change Declaration Jan 07 </li></ul><ul><li>CC Framework Approved March 07 </li></ul><ul><li>ESSB launched in May 07 </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up of CC Cross Party Working Group in Nov 07 </li></ul><ul><li>Completion of Carbon Mgt Programme April 08 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Climate Change Targets <ul><li>The Council approved a number of targets in October 2006: </li></ul><ul><li>to “climate proof” all new Council strategies, programmes, plans and projects; </li></ul><ul><li>to reduce all the Council’s own climate change emissions and in particular carbon dioxide emissions by 20% by 2015; </li></ul><ul><li>to reduce all the Council’s climate change emissions and in particular carbon dioxide emissions by 30% by 2025; and </li></ul><ul><li>to achieve a zero carbon Edinburgh economy by 2050 </li></ul>CLIMATE CHANGE FRAMEWORK Approved in March 2007 ADAPTATION MITIGATION PLANNING DECENTRALISING ENERGY CARBON ACCOUNTING/PROOFING COMMUNITY PLANNING
  7. 7. Carbon Counting Project 1 The ESSB Basic Scale Developments Developments of 1000sq m in floor area or more, 10 residential units or more or those occupying a site area of 0.5 hectare or more Larger Scale Development and Development Frameworks / Master Plans Higher standards will be sought in developments of 250 residential units or more or non residential developments on sites of at least 1 hectare or 5000sq m of gross floor area and in any ‘basic’ (residential or other) scale applications that are in the subject of Development Framework or Master Plan Preparation
  8. 8. ESSB <ul><li>Edinburgh Standards for Sustainable Building apply to all development in the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Self assessment process through completion of a Sustainability Statement Form </li></ul><ul><li>Checked by Planning Officers </li></ul><ul><li>Two Mandatory targets for Carbon to be met : </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency –reduce predicted CO2 emissions by Buildings Emission Rating (BER) which attains a Target Emission Rating (TER) minus 5% </li></ul><ul><li>On Site Renewable Energy – a minimum 10% of remaining energy requirements to be supplied by on –site renewable energy ( 20% in areas of major change). </li></ul><ul><li>This requirement in addition to the Energy Efficiency standard </li></ul>
  9. 10. Carbon Counting ESSB Carbon Savings over Building Standards 2007 (from 25 applications) Carbon Savings over Building Standards 2003 (from 25 applications) Combined TER 9108914 kgCO2/m 2 /per year Combined DER/BER amount per area 6620291 kgCO2/m 2 /per year Extra Saving 2488623 kgCO2/m 2 /per year Approx 100 tonnes CO 2 per App 200 Apps per annum could give 20,000 tonnes ESSB Applications at 31.12.07 Applications Assessed 37 Basic Scale 22 Large Scale 15 Other 18 Residential 19 Other Pre applications 35
  10. 11. Renewable Energy Generation in Edinburgh (from 25 applications ) <ul><li>Solar hot water 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Photo voltaic panels 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-mass 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Ground source heat pumps 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Wind turbines 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Shared / CHP Systems 2 </li></ul>SOLAR PV W GSHP CHP
  11. 12. Carbon Counting Projects 2 The Local Authority Carbon Management Programme Identify and quantify options Planning Steps May Mar Baseline, forecast and VAS Finalise Strategy & Implementation Plan Jul Sept Nov Jan Ideas Sharing Conference Initiation Workshop Opportunities Workshop Project Plan Case for Action Presentation Mature draft SIP Launch Starter Pack Ongoing Support and Monitoring Implementation Final SIP Initial draft SIP Programme Boards Ten month programme/15 Scottish Local Authorities
  12. 13. Carbon related activities scoped in <ul><li>Transport including fleet fuel consumption and business mileage, </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting including street lighting and stair lighting, </li></ul><ul><li>Waste: municipal waste only </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings including </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Council Buildings – all Council office premises, libraries, community centres, museums, residential centres, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edinburgh Leisure Properties – swimming pools, leisure centres, sport centres, gyms etc., </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools (including PPP), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council housing, </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Software Programme provided by the Carbon Trust Building or Site Building Type (required for benchmark comparison) Category (required for breakdown pie chart) Electricity Total kWh per year Cost (Based on typical p / kWh table above) Gas Total kWh per year total for all building types including offices, leisure facilities and schools       £0     Housing HOUSING   £0   Council Offices Council - Town Halls CIVIC BUILDINGS 16,374,144 £818,707 24,192,552 Libraries Council - Libraries CIVIC BUILDINGS 1,636,704 £81,835 3,706,249 Primary Schools School - Primary (no pool) PRIMARY SCHOOLS 14,096,252 £704,813 41,396,111 Secondary Schools School - Secondary (no pool) SECONDARY SCHOOLS 12,826,258 £641,313 44,961,476 Leisure Centres and facilities Leisure Centre (Dry) LEISURE 10,954,441 £547,722 24,413,753 Museums and Galleries Council - Museums CIVIC BUILDINGS 3,848,848 £192,442 7,410,763 Homes and Hostels Council - Care Homes SOCIAL SERVICES 4,649,508 £232,475 10,190,257 Crematoria Other MISC 234,983 £11,749 2,935,215 Misc Other MISC 4,445,397 £222,270 9,350,333 Bus Station Other CIVIC BUILDINGS 769,571 £38,479 987,872 Car parks Car Park - open CARPARKS 42,295 £2,115   Theatres Other CIVIC BUILDINGS 1,780,275 £89,014 6,839,915
  14. 15. Baseline In 2005/06 CEC annual emissions of CO2 from buildings, transport and municipal waste was : 210,163 tonnes of carbon Projecting from the baseline emissions in 2008 predicted to rise to 214,963 tonnes Buildings 65,487 Transport 10,469 Street lighting 17,321 Waste 116,886
  15. 16. <ul><li>Emissions from Buildings make up 33% of the total CO2 emission with 65,487 tonnes . </li></ul><ul><li>Emissions from Transport make up 5% of the total CO2 emission with 10,469 tonnes . </li></ul>
  16. 17. Edinburgh’s Target LA Baseline Year Reduction Target Reduction Year Barking & Dagenham 2004/2005 20% 2010 Brent 2004/2005 20% 2011 Derby 2004/2005 25% 2012 Isle of Wight 2004/2005 22% 2012 Lincoln 2004/2005 20% 2012 Sheffield 2005/2006 30% 2012 Westminster 2005/2006 20% 2020 Edinburgh 2005/2006 25% 2013
  17. 18. Carbon Footprint per Employee Current: 3.8 Target : 2.3 by 2013
  18. 19. Cost of Carbon BAU: Business As Usual Scenario – energy cost to the Council would be £16.5 million in 2013. RES : Reduced Emission Scenario - energy costs to the Council as a result of the programme will be £10 million in 2013 SAVING : Over £6.5 million or £28 million over the 5 years ( aggregated savings )
  19. 20. Further Projects <ul><li>Carbon Proofing of Services – looking at the cost of carbon in service delivery and incorporating into Best Value </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in the Scottish Ecological Footprints Project: Development of the Resource Efficiency Action Programme Tool (REAP) to look at carbon modelling and scenarios for the 2050 target </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in the UK Local Carbon Impacts Programme (UKCLIPS) with 4 other Scottish Local Authorities to look at the cost of carbon in adaptation to impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Piloted energy awareness training </li></ul>