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Westminster carbon counting conference, ICE, 24 January 2008 <ul><li>JOINING THINGS UP FOR BUILDINGS </li></ul><ul><li>Bil...
“ in theory, theory and practice are the same, in practice they aren ’ t ”   SANTA FE INSTITUTE   for research into comple...
We need to save real carbon,  not virtual carbon
“ designers seldom get feedback, and only notice problems when asked to investigate a failure ”   ALASTAIR BLYTH   CRISP C...
The Credibility Gap for a green building award winner
What needs joining up? Apart from carbon factors, of course! <ul><li>Policy with practice  </li></ul><ul><li>Supply with d...
Don ’ t procure what you can ’ t manage   (Unfortunately, regulations are making things more complicated: will they work w...
How fast can we improve,  if we have been blind to outcomes?
Saving energy and CO 2  in a hurry,   using the multiplier effect   <ul><li>Reduced demands  standards, passive measures <...
Saving energy and CO 2  in a hurry,   using the multiplier effect   <ul><li>Reduced demands  standards, passive measures <...
Use renewable supplies   AND   make buildings efficient in use
Performance Indicators It ’ s not just about carbon! <ul><li>Is the building thermally efficient in use? </li></ul><ul><li...
Making Performance Visible  with building energy certificates <ul><li>Ambitions of Europrosper </li></ul><ul><li>research ...
Passing on the carbon
Passing on the carbon and the energy <ul><li>Annual energy and CO 2  emissions statements? </li></ul><ul><li>Gas and elect...
Passing on the carbon BPF Landlord ’ s statment
Passing on carbon + energy BPF Landlord ’ s statement <ul><li>Improves transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Includes multiple pe...
Passing on carbon + energy  BPF Landlord ’ s statement
Drilling down further to assign realistic priorities
Drilling down even further: actual versus predicted for lighting
Avoiding unintended consequences <ul><li>Focus on supply,  maintains business-as-usual illusion. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Low-c...
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Joining Things Up for Buildings | Bill Bordass

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Joining Things Up for Buildings | Bill Bordass

  1. 1. Westminster carbon counting conference, ICE, 24 January 2008 <ul><li>JOINING THINGS UP FOR BUILDINGS </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Bordass </li></ul><ul><li>the Usable Buildings Trust </li></ul><ul><li>www.usablebuildings.co.uk </li></ul>
  2. 2. “ in theory, theory and practice are the same, in practice they aren ’ t ” SANTA FE INSTITUTE for research into complex systems
  3. 3. We need to save real carbon, not virtual carbon
  4. 4. “ designers seldom get feedback, and only notice problems when asked to investigate a failure ” ALASTAIR BLYTH CRISP Commission 00/02
  5. 5. The Credibility Gap for a green building award winner
  6. 6. What needs joining up? Apart from carbon factors, of course! <ul><li>Policy with practice </li></ul><ul><li>Supply with demand </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations with outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Energy with carbon with environment </li></ul><ul><li>Landlords with managers with tenants </li></ul><ul><li>Technology with users and management </li></ul><ul><li>Top-down (targets) with bottom-up (activities) </li></ul><ul><li>Organisations with people </li></ul><ul><li>Government departments and agencies More clarity, fewer incompatible initiatives </li></ul>
  7. 7. Don ’ t procure what you can ’ t manage (Unfortunately, regulations are making things more complicated: will they work well in use?)
  8. 8. How fast can we improve, if we have been blind to outcomes?
  9. 9. Saving energy and CO 2 in a hurry, using the multiplier effect <ul><li>Reduced demands standards, passive measures </li></ul><ul><li>x 0.5? </li></ul><ul><li>Increased efficiency better technology, lower resistances </li></ul><ul><li>x 0.5? </li></ul><ul><li>Waste avoidance better control, management, behaviour? </li></ul><ul><li>Less 20%? (it could easily be more) </li></ul><ul><li>Low-carbon energy supplies on and off-site </li></ul><ul><li>Halve the carbon content of the supplies? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Saving energy and CO 2 in a hurry, using the multiplier effect <ul><li>Reduced demands standards, passive measures </li></ul><ul><li>x 0.5? 50 % </li></ul><ul><li>Increased efficiency better technology, lower resistances </li></ul><ul><li>x 0.5? 25 % </li></ul><ul><li>Waste avoidance better control, management, behaviour? </li></ul><ul><li>Less 20%? (it could easily be more) 20 % </li></ul><ul><li>Low-carbon energy supplies on and off-site </li></ul><ul><li>Halve the carbon content of the supplies? 10% </li></ul><ul><li>To get rapid and cost-effective change, we must press ALL the buttons NOT, for example relying on a business-as-usual fix with renewables: they won’t work alone! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Use renewable supplies AND make buildings efficient in use
  12. 12. Performance Indicators It ’ s not just about carbon! <ul><li>Is the building thermally efficient in use? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the building electrically efficient in use? </li></ul><ul><li>Do any special features need considering? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the effect of on-site renewables? The energy that is used but not imported. </li></ul><ul><li>What energy supplies are imported? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the carbon content of these supplies? << This is the main carbon contact point >> </li></ul><ul><li>Is there any reason for using special C factors? </li></ul><ul><li>Are any further C-saving measures undertaken? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Making Performance Visible with building energy certificates <ul><li>Ambitions of Europrosper </li></ul><ul><li>research project 2000-04: </li></ul><ul><li>Display energy certs based on actual energy use. Achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency between expectations and outcomes. Incomplete </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple performance indicators Incomplete </li></ul><ul><li>We now need voluntary supporting measures </li></ul>
  14. 14. Passing on the carbon
  15. 15. Passing on the carbon and the energy <ul><li>Annual energy and CO 2 emissions statements? </li></ul><ul><li>Gas and electricity, perhaps even on each bill. Obstructed, but should be coming. </li></ul><ul><li>District heating and cooling. Potentially could do similar. </li></ul><ul><li>Lorry deliveries (coal, wood, biofuels, oil, LPG) More difficult because of multiple suppliers. </li></ul><ul><li>From landlord to tenant. Prototype already produced for offices. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Passing on the carbon BPF Landlord ’ s statment
  17. 17. Passing on carbon + energy BPF Landlord ’ s statement <ul><li>Improves transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Includes multiple performance indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Allows individual tenants to add the energy they purchase directly and prepare Display Energy Certificates on same basis as whole buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoids double handling if it allows the transfer of carbon from landlord to tenant for the purpose of the Carbon Reduction Commitment. </li></ul><ul><li>Interest being shown by other sectors (business centres, retail, industrial </li></ul>
  18. 18. Passing on carbon + energy BPF Landlord ’ s statement
  19. 19. Drilling down further to assign realistic priorities
  20. 20. Drilling down even further: actual versus predicted for lighting
  21. 21. Avoiding unintended consequences <ul><li>Focus on supply, maintains business-as-usual illusion. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Low-carbon” fuels become the easiest solution. Waste precious resources and do not tackle underlying demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Dash to biomass. Massive ecological damage potential. </li></ul><ul><li>Pushing unproven solutions. Danger of tripping over. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating complicated solutions. People won’t cope. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating expensive solutions. We need the quick wins. </li></ul><ul><li>Requiring too much maintenance. It won’t be affordable. </li></ul><ul><li>Too much bureaucracy, multiple layers and confusing differences. Focus resources on getting things done. </li></ul><ul><li>Not involving individuals. Everybody has to help. </li></ul><ul><li>We trade too early. Charity begins at home! </li></ul>

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