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MULTISTAKEHOLDERSCivil Society & Internet
Users, the Private Sector,
Governments, National &
International Organizations,
Research, Academic and
Technical Communities all
have a say in how the
Internet is run.
OPENDEBATE
The formal and informal
process of debating
policy and standard
propositions in a
multistakeholder model
using any variety of
methods: in-person,
Internet Drafts, public
forums, publishing, and
many more.
Internet Policies are the shared
principles, norms, rules,
decision-making procedures,
and programmes that shape the
evolution and use of the
Internet. Internet Standards
enable interoperability of
systems on the Internet by
defining protocols, messages
formats, schemas,
and languages.
POLICIES&STANDARDS
Internet Operations span all
aspects of hardware,
software, and infrastructure
required to make the Internet
work. Services include
education, access, web
browsing, online commerce,
social networking, etc.
OPERATIONS&SERVICES
1
2
3
4
Operations & Services support
the Internet’s global interoperability.
WHORUNSTHEINTERNET? The Internet itself is a globally distributed computer network comprised of many voluntarily interconnected autonomous networks.
Similarly, its governance is conducted by a decentralized and international multistakeholder network of interconnected autonomous groups drawing
from civil society, the private sector, governments, the academic and research communities, and national and international organizations. They work
cooperatively from their respective roles to create shared policies and standards that maintain the Internet’s global interoperability for the public good.
INTERNET NETWORK
OPERATORS' GROUPS
Discuss and influence matters related to
Internet operations and regulation within
informal fora made up of Internet Service
Providers (ISPs), Internet Exchange Points
(IXPs), and others.
A O V
ISO
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION
FOR STANDARDIZATION
Develops international standards. The ISO
3166 standard establishes internationally
recognized codes for the representation of
names of countries, territories or areas of
geopolitical interest and their subdivisions.
ISO 3166 does not establish the names of
countries, only the codes that represent them.
www.iso.org/iso/country_codes.htm
S
ISOC
INTERNET SOCIETY
Assure the open development, evolution
and use of the Internet for the benefit of
all people throughout the world. Currently ISOC
has over 90 chapters in around 80 countries.
www.internetsociety.org
C E P V
W3C
WORLD WIDE WEB CONSORTIUM
Create standards for the world wide web
that enable an Open Web Platform,
for example, by focusing on issues of
accessibility, internationalization,
and mobile web solutions.
www.w3.org
S
RIRs
5 REGIONAL INTERNET REGISTRIES
Manage the allocation and registration of Internet
number resources, such as IP addresses, within
geographic regions of the world.
www.afrinic.net Africa
www.apnic.net Asia Pacific
www.arin.net Canada & United States
www.lacnic.net Latin America & Caribbean
www.ripe.net Europe, the Middle East &
parts of Central Asia
O P V
NO ONE PERSON, COMPANY, ORGANIZATION OR GOVERNMENT RUNS THE INTERNET.
LEGEND: PolicyP StandardsSOperationsO ServicesVEducationE ResearchRCommunity EngagementCAdviceA
IRTF
INTERNET RESEARCH TASK FORCE
Promotes research of the evolution of the
Internet by creating focused, long-term
research groups working on topics related to
Internet protocols, applications, architecture
and technology.
www.irtf.org
R
GOVERNMENTS AND
INTER-GOVERNMENTAL
ORGANIZATIONS
Develop laws, regulations and policies
applicable to the Internet within their
jurisdictions; participants in multilateral and
multistakeholder regional and international
fora on Internet governance.
C P
IAB
INTERNET ARCHITECTURE BOARD
Oversees the technical and engineering
development of the IETF and IRTF.
www.iab.org
A C P S R
ICANN
INTERNET CORPORATION FOR ASSIGNED
NAMES AND NUMBERS
Coordinates the Internet's systems of
unique identifiers: IP addresses, protocol
parameter registries, top-level domain
space (DNS root zone).
www.icann.org
C O P V
IETF
INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE
Develops and promotes a wide range of
Internet standards dealing in particular with
standards of the Internet protocol suite.
Their technical documents influence the way
people design, use, and manage the Internet.
www.ietf.org
C P S
IGF
INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM
A multistakeholder open forum for debate on
issues related to Internet governance.
www.intgovforum.org
A C P
THE INTERNET
HERE IS HOW ITWORKS:WHO IS INVOLVED: WHO IS INVOLVED:
This graphic is a living document, designed to provide a high level view of how the Internet is run. It is not intended to be a definitive guide. Please provide feedback at www.xplanations.com/whorunstheinternet
debate and decision making.
Policies & Standards guide

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Who Runs the Internet?

  • 1. 2013 |Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0Version 1.08 | March 21, 2013 MULTISTAKEHOLDERSCivil Society & Internet Users, the Private Sector, Governments, National & International Organizations, Research, Academic and Technical Communities all have a say in how the Internet is run. OPENDEBATE The formal and informal process of debating policy and standard propositions in a multistakeholder model using any variety of methods: in-person, Internet Drafts, public forums, publishing, and many more. Internet Policies are the shared principles, norms, rules, decision-making procedures, and programmes that shape the evolution and use of the Internet. Internet Standards enable interoperability of systems on the Internet by defining protocols, messages formats, schemas, and languages. POLICIES&STANDARDS Internet Operations span all aspects of hardware, software, and infrastructure required to make the Internet work. Services include education, access, web browsing, online commerce, social networking, etc. OPERATIONS&SERVICES 1 2 3 4 Operations & Services support the Internet’s global interoperability. WHORUNSTHEINTERNET? The Internet itself is a globally distributed computer network comprised of many voluntarily interconnected autonomous networks. Similarly, its governance is conducted by a decentralized and international multistakeholder network of interconnected autonomous groups drawing from civil society, the private sector, governments, the academic and research communities, and national and international organizations. They work cooperatively from their respective roles to create shared policies and standards that maintain the Internet’s global interoperability for the public good. INTERNET NETWORK OPERATORS' GROUPS Discuss and influence matters related to Internet operations and regulation within informal fora made up of Internet Service Providers (ISPs), Internet Exchange Points (IXPs), and others. A O V ISO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION Develops international standards. The ISO 3166 standard establishes internationally recognized codes for the representation of names of countries, territories or areas of geopolitical interest and their subdivisions. ISO 3166 does not establish the names of countries, only the codes that represent them. www.iso.org/iso/country_codes.htm S ISOC INTERNET SOCIETY Assure the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world. Currently ISOC has over 90 chapters in around 80 countries. www.internetsociety.org C E P V W3C WORLD WIDE WEB CONSORTIUM Create standards for the world wide web that enable an Open Web Platform, for example, by focusing on issues of accessibility, internationalization, and mobile web solutions. www.w3.org S RIRs 5 REGIONAL INTERNET REGISTRIES Manage the allocation and registration of Internet number resources, such as IP addresses, within geographic regions of the world. www.afrinic.net Africa www.apnic.net Asia Pacific www.arin.net Canada & United States www.lacnic.net Latin America & Caribbean www.ripe.net Europe, the Middle East & parts of Central Asia O P V NO ONE PERSON, COMPANY, ORGANIZATION OR GOVERNMENT RUNS THE INTERNET. LEGEND: PolicyP StandardsSOperationsO ServicesVEducationE ResearchRCommunity EngagementCAdviceA IRTF INTERNET RESEARCH TASK FORCE Promotes research of the evolution of the Internet by creating focused, long-term research groups working on topics related to Internet protocols, applications, architecture and technology. www.irtf.org R GOVERNMENTS AND INTER-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Develop laws, regulations and policies applicable to the Internet within their jurisdictions; participants in multilateral and multistakeholder regional and international fora on Internet governance. C P IAB INTERNET ARCHITECTURE BOARD Oversees the technical and engineering development of the IETF and IRTF. www.iab.org A C P S R ICANN INTERNET CORPORATION FOR ASSIGNED NAMES AND NUMBERS Coordinates the Internet's systems of unique identifiers: IP addresses, protocol parameter registries, top-level domain space (DNS root zone). www.icann.org C O P V IETF INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE Develops and promotes a wide range of Internet standards dealing in particular with standards of the Internet protocol suite. Their technical documents influence the way people design, use, and manage the Internet. www.ietf.org C P S IGF INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM A multistakeholder open forum for debate on issues related to Internet governance. www.intgovforum.org A C P THE INTERNET HERE IS HOW ITWORKS:WHO IS INVOLVED: WHO IS INVOLVED: This graphic is a living document, designed to provide a high level view of how the Internet is run. It is not intended to be a definitive guide. Please provide feedback at www.xplanations.com/whorunstheinternet debate and decision making. Policies & Standards guide