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Counterparts aileen camargo maria martinez


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Counterparts aileen camargo maria martinez

  1. 1. CoUnTeRpArTs JaMeS JoYce AiLeEn CaMaRgO MaRíA A. MaRtInEz
  2. 2. <ul><li>He was an Irish writer and poet, widely considered to be one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. He is best known for his landmark novel Ulysses (1922) and its controversial succesor Finnegans Wake (1939), as well as the short story collection Dubliners (1914), Counterparts is included in this collection. Although most of Joyce's adult life was spent in continental Europe, his fictional universe is firmly rooted in Dublin and populated largely by characters who closely resemble family members, enemies and friends from his time there. </li></ul><ul><li>Joyce's technical innovations in the art of the novel include an extensive use of interior monologue; he used a complex network of symbolic parallels drawn from the mythology, history, and literature, and created a unique language of invented words, puns, and allusions. </li></ul>JaMeS JoYcE (1882-1941)
  3. 3. <ul><li>Farrington, an absent-minded angry man, worked as a copy clerk at an office which was managed by Mr. Alleyne. The first felt frustrated because of the pressure the latter had put on him as for a contract's copy he had to finish by the evening, and could only relieve his anxiety by thinking of the night of hot punches he would have with his friends in the public-house. When he realised he would not be able to finish his work on time, he felt enraged, but it increased even more when Mr. Alleyne shook him in his face after having a strong argument about some missing letters, and it was himself who had to offer his boss an apology. That made him feel humilliated and he knew his life in the office would be a hell from that day on. </li></ul>PlOt
  4. 4. <ul><li>His anxiety for drinking increased at the same time his rage did. However, he did not have money, so he decided to pawn his watch and went to several pubs where he spent all the pennies he had with his friends. That night he felt happy and free, but it all changed, and he felt again humilliated, full of anger and revengfulness after being ignored by a lady and defeated twice in  a trial by a young boy. He returned his home with a great feeling of fury, and finding no food, his wife absent, and the fire almost out, he released all the anger and frustration he had restrained the entire day aginst his little son, who begged his father not to beat him, but he was struk vigorously with a stick. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>James Joyce's &quot;Counterparts&quot; is a story which encloses the feelings and frustrations a person may experience when things go wrong. Moreover, it shows the way people become dependet of certain things, in this case alcohol, in order to forget something or feel better. The author represents with Farrington the dark side of human nature. In other words, Joyce shows how a man, apparently submissive and insecure, sets himself and his feelings free when drinking. Farrington's character is a based on a combination of James Joyce's father, Jack Joyce, and his maternal uncle, William Murray, from whom he received many abuses when he used to visit him.  </li></ul>AnAlYsIs
  6. 6. <ul><li>As for the literary techniques James Joyce uses within the story, we can point out the next: </li></ul><ul><li>Satire: &quot;I might as well be talking to the wall as talking to you&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Rethorical Question: &quot;Could he ask the cashier privately for an advance? No, the cashier was no good, no damn good...&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery: &quot;When he stood up he was tall and of great bulk. He had a hanging face, dark wine-coloured, with fair eyebrows and moustache: his eyes bulged forward slightly and the whites of them were dirty...“ </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>&quot;Now, you'll let the fire out the next time!&quot; said the man striking at him vigorously with the stick. &quot;Take that, you little whelp!&quot;  The boy uttered a squeal of pain as the stick cut his thigh. He clasped his hands together in the air and his voice shook with fright.  &quot;O, pa!&quot; he cried. &quot;Don't beat me, pa! And I'll... I'll say a Hail Mary for you.... I'll say a Hail Mary for you, pa, if you don't beat me.... I'll say a Hail Mary....&quot;  </li></ul>