“Smart” Strategies            for the Developing World                      LSE, Future of Cities Group.(Towards the) Futu...
1 Question:      (Towards the)Future of City-Regions (?)       10 Ideas…          Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D.          http://...
1.- Smart City?· What about 2nd Division players? Regions.· When we are talking about Global Smart Cities,are we just thin...
2.- Smart City?We need to complete Smart Cities with an Urban Innovation approach             Factors	                 Sma...
3.- The key question is:How should we design, use & apply the Urban Technologies?•  Do not make the same MISTAKE that we h...
4.- As a consequence:               We should invest more time and resources                        researching & co-creat...
5.- So what about this TRIAD? Change the sequence & logic.                                                     Up to now: ...
6.- We can notice nowadays the emergence of a new territorial unitwhere we can apply Urban Innovation easier than in Natio...
7.- City-Region Model:Definition                         “A core city,      or network of urban communities,     linked by...
8.- City-Region Model:                              CYBER	  4 Systems                    Rela?onal	                       ...
9.- City-Region Model:                                           CYBER	                                             Rela?o...
10.- Future of City-Regions = Comparative Territorial Benchmarking:To sum up, 3 Main Conclusions:1) Some City-Regions beha...
thank you              Dr.	  Igor	  Calzada,	  Ph.D.	                                  -­‐-­‐-­‐	              igor.calzad...
10 Ideas:1.- Smart City?2.- Smart City >>>> or simply Urban Innovation?3.- Could we apply Urban Technologies at the same w...
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LSE London School of Economics Future of Cities Regions 27th april 2012

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Briefing of the presentation at the LSE, London, on the 27th April 2012 tittled "(Towards the) Future of City (-Regions)?" held by LSE-Future of Cities Group "Smart Strategies for the Developing World"

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LSE London School of Economics Future of Cities Regions 27th april 2012

  1. 1. “Smart” Strategies for the Developing World LSE, Future of Cities Group.(Towards the) Future of City-Regions (?) Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. Research Associate at the University of Oxford. Future of Cities Programme, InSIS. PostDoctoral Research Fellow at the Ikerbasque. Lecturer at the University of Mondragon. Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  2. 2. 1 Question: (Towards the)Future of City-Regions (?) 10 Ideas… Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  3. 3. 1.- Smart City?· What about 2nd Division players? Regions.· When we are talking about Global Smart Cities,are we just thinking about Urban Growth Strategies?· Are we going to learn anything from the Crisis?· What are the practices of Cisco, IBM,…?· Could we just implementthe same “failed” Urban Growth Strategies from Developed Countries´mindset to Developing Countries?· It would seem to be a great Mistake. (i.e: The Vertical Village in Asian countries) Something is missing… Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  4. 4. 2.- Smart City?We need to complete Smart Cities with an Urban Innovation approach Factors   Smart  Ci-es   Urban  Innova-on   Enphasis   Building/Infrastructures   People   Usage   Sprawl  &  Separated  Usages   Mix  of  Usages   Urban  Ac?on   Consump?on   Crea?vity     Foster   Movement   Human  Interac?on   Hub/s   City  Center  or  Downtown   Policentric   Scale   Metropolitan   Rural  &  Urban   Transport   Car   Intermodal:  Train  &  Bike.   Culture   Homogenic  &  Disequal   Diverse    &  Equal   Entrepreneurship   Barriers  to  Entrepreneurs   Open  Innova?on   Business   Big  Companies   Bees  &  Trees   Unit   Global  Ci?es   City-­‐Region   Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  5. 5. 3.- The key question is:How should we design, use & apply the Urban Technologies?•  Do not make the same MISTAKE that we have made in the developed countries with the developing countries.•  Dangerous assumption: Development is Growth? Great Mistake. Paradigm   Smart  Ci-es   Urban  Innova-on   Nature   Ar?ficial   Emergency   Planifica?on   Top-­‐down   BoRom-­‐up   Focus  on   Market   Civic  Society   Territorial  Strategy   Growth   Degrowth   Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  6. 6. 4.- As a consequence: We should invest more time and resources researching & co-creating much more from the Soft factors > than from Hard factors. Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  7. 7. 5.- So what about this TRIAD? Change the sequence & logic. Up to now: 2.-­‐  Public   3.-­‐  Civic     1.-­‐  Market   Administra?on   Society   From now: 1.-­‐  Civic  Society   2.-­‐  Public  Administra?on   > 3.-­‐  Market   Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  8. 8. 6.- We can notice nowadays the emergence of a new territorial unitwhere we can apply Urban Innovation easier than in Nation-States andGlobal Smart Cities: City-Region Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  9. 9. 7.- City-Region Model:Definition “A core city, or network of urban communities, linked by functional economic and social ties to a hinterland”. Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  10. 10. 8.- City-Region Model: CYBER  4 Systems Rela?onal   System   URBS   CIVITAS   Urban   CITY-­‐ Socio-­‐ REGION   Cultural   System   System   POLIS   Socio-­‐ Poli?cal   System   Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  11. 11. 9.- City-Region Model: CYBER   Rela?onal   Bangalore System   Curitiba Oresund Dublin Portland Austin URBS   Linz CIVITAS   Urban   CITY-­‐ Berlin Socio-­‐ REGION   Quebec Cultural   System   System  Some Basque Baden- PortoalegreCity-Region Wuttenberg GlasgowLocationsin the POLIS  Comparative Socio-­‐Territorial Poli?cal  Benchmarking System   Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  12. 12. 10.- Future of City-Regions = Comparative Territorial Benchmarking:To sum up, 3 Main Conclusions:1) Some City-Regions behave better than others in certain Systems.2) Thus, the key challenge for a City-Region should be, how to get anInterdependency & Equilibrium between the 4 Systems at the same time.3) Finally, what we could learn from the Smart Global Cities’ Growth Strategywould be that: •  The rhythm and the boundaries of the Territorial Development are relevant. •  Avoid tensions between Systems. •  The sequence and the role of the triad should be taken into account and need to be adapted for each specific case. •  The future of cities’ strategy could be based on the growth, but also on the degrowth. Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  13. 13. thank you Dr.  Igor  Calzada,  Ph.D.   -­‐-­‐-­‐   igor.calzada@insis.ox.ac.uk      -­‐-­‐-­‐   hRp://www.igorcalzada.com       hRp://www.basquecity.org     hRp://about.me/icalzada     Skype:  icalzada   TwiRer:  @icalzada   -­‐-­‐-­‐   University  of  Oxford  (UK)   InSIS,  64  Banbury  Rd.  OX2  6PN.     Oxford.  UK.  hRp://www.futureofci?es.ox.ac.uk/people/igor-­‐calzada     -­‐-­‐-­‐   +00  44  7887.661925.  [UK]   -­‐-­‐-­‐   Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada
  14. 14. 10 Ideas:1.- Smart City?2.- Smart City >>>> or simply Urban Innovation?3.- Could we apply Urban Technologies at the same way that we didfor Developing Countries and Developed Countries? (Develop isGrowth?) Mistake.4.- Invest more SOFT > HARD.5.- From MK>Adm>Civic Society to Civic Society>Adm>MK.6.- City-Region?7.- City-Regions: Def.8.- City-Region Model: 4 SYSTEMS.9.- Apply from SOFT to HARD.10.- To sum up: City-Regions as a 2nd Division Urban Player. Dr. Igor Calzada, Ph.D. http://about.me/icalzada

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