Wearables and healthy ageing

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Presentation delivered at the European Conference for Technology Enhanced Learning - EC-TEL 2016, workshop on Wearable Enhanced Learning, SIG WELL 2016, in Lyon, France, #ectel2016

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Wearables and healthy ageing

  1. 1. Wearables & Healthy Ageing 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning EC-TEL 2015, 16 September 2016, Lyon, France Ilona Buchem / @mediendidaktik Professor for Media & Communication Sciences Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin
  2. 2. • Fitness trackers, e.g. Sensoria smart socks & anklet for monitoring foot landing when running > learn how to run in a healthy way • Posture trackers, e.g. Lumo Lift sensor with biomechanics monitoring measures and coaches posture > learn how achieve better posture • Mental health, e.g. Olive wristband for stress detection (e.g. recommends exercises) > learn how to manage stress in everyday situations 2 Learn how to run well and keep fit Learn to improve posture and manage stress Wearable Health & Learning Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  3. 3. 3 detects walking pattern monitors hydration level tracks movement monitors blood pressure tracks sleep duration measures cell temperature & warns against tumors records every heart-beat Source: http://www.mhealthnews.com/content/infographic-are-you-ready-sensors-healthcare Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  4. 4. Healthy ageing data • Physical data including physiological and context data, e.g. steps, body position, posture, movement, sleep, heart rate, sun/light exposure, calories burnt, humidity, noise. • Mental data like stress, fear, fatigue, depression, attention, acuteness by using biometric indicators, e.g. brainwave signals/patterns, heart rate, skin reactions, body temperature • Social data like interactions and communication styles, e.g. conversation analysis, vocal signalling using camera, microphone, social network data. 4 Individual balance “sphere” at the intersection of mental, physical and social conditions Roggen, Arnrich & Tröster (2006) Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  5. 5. Research on trackers Key challenges: Creating effective interfaces, interaction designs and tackling privacy issues! Research gap: How are senior users interacting with wearables and how to leverage wearables for healthy ageing? Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  6. 6. Fitness MOOC for Healthy Ageing Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 Wearable fitness trackers as part of the fitness MOOC: learning through concrete experience > information (trackers) learning through social interaction > interaction (MOOC features) learning through guided action > training (plans & content) learning through play > gamification (badges & battles) Fitness MOOC / fMOOC 2014 – 2015
  7. 7. Learning at the computer Learning with the computer Concrete experience Experiential learning Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  8. 8. Course Design Buchem, Ilona, Merceron, Agathe, Kreutel, Jörn, Haesner, Marten, Steinert, Anika (2015). Wearable-technology Enhanced Learning for Healthy Ageing: Conceptual Framework and Architecture of the “Fitness MOOC”. Journal of Interaction Design and Architectures, Focus Section on Innovative Designs with Social, Mobile and Wearable Technologies for Creative Teaching and Learning, 2015. Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  9. 9. Buchem et al. (2015): Designing for User Engagement in Wearable-technology Enhanced Learning for Healthy Ageing. iLRN 2015. System design 1. Fitness tracker sends data to the fitness tracker app 2. Fitness tracker app sends data to the FT database 4. fMOOC UI displays fitness data 3. fMOOC service reads data Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  10. 10. content data badges battle Interaction Design Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  11. 11. self- / assessment feedback / rating Interaction Design Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  12. 12. Sep’15 4 weeks 10 seniors Oct’15 4 weeks 10 seniors 2 user studies - fMOOC@home 50%50% All use computers, 86% frequently All use smartphones, 70% frequently average age = 69 youngest 62, oldest 75 Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  13. 13. Wearables & seniors 13 Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 60% found fitness trackers very motivating 90% used their fitness tracker on a daily basis 55% would use the entire fMOOC system again 10% would use the fitness tracker only again! 5% found fitness trackers not motivating 95% found fitness trackers motivating
  14. 14. Content & achievement Endurance training Strength training Group training Recovery day Training plans Levels 1 - 3 55% completed all units in the training plan 92.5% rated training content positively Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  15. 15. Gamification & motivation How can gamification enhance motivation to improve physical fitness? Perfect Training Steps Comments Feedback Badges Correlation between the number of earned badges and motivation to exercise more > r(18) = .489; p < 0.5 50% found badges motivating Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  16. 16. Interaction patterns Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 Perfect Training: 35 % achieved all badges Steps: 70% achieved all badges Step goals were easier to achieve than perfect training!
  17. 17. Interaction patterns Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 Comments: 55 % achieved all badges „Likes”: 0 % achieved all badges Commenting was more enjoyable than liking!
  18. 18. Interaction patterns Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 Battle average number of steps per day The social element“battle” was the most frequently viewed element! Each user visited the battle on average 18 times per week!
  19. 19. Increase in physical activity 19 Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 *PAQ 50 + BEFORE AFTER p Total 140,3 193,0 < 0.05 Housework 39,1 48,3 n.s. Garden work 17,8 12,8 n.s Leisure 19,6 40,2 n.s Sport 38,6 73,2 < 0.05 *PAQ 50+ / German Physical Activity Questionnaire 50+
  20. 20. Self-reported changes 20 Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 n = 20 I can sleep better. 4 I have more confidence to exercise. 8 I am more motivated to exercise. 11 I pay more attention to my health. 11 I know more about my health. 12 My overall fitness has improved. 13
  21. 21. Self-assessment 21 Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 Well-being Endurance Strength Mobility Coordination 0% 25% 50% 75% 100% 10% 10% 5% 10% 5% 20% 10% 20% 5% 20% 35% 30% 45% 40% 65% 35% 30% 40% 52% 55% 55% 60% 50% 50% 30% 45% 60% 40% 43% 25% good mediocre poor before after
  22. 22. User experience 80% enjoyed the overall fMOOC experience 90% would like to continue the fMOOC experience Wearable Enhanced Learning & Healthy Ageing / Ilona Buchem / EC-TEL 2016 / SIG WELL / 16-09-2016 / CC BY-NC-SA 3.0
  23. 23. 23 Thank you! Ilona Buchem / @mediendidaktik Professor for Media & Communication Sciences Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin

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