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  1. 1. Drama / Plays
  2. 2. Drama Definition <ul><li>Play: a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage. </li></ul><ul><li>The literary genre of works intended for the theater. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Drama / Plays <ul><li>Play or drama offers another classical literary form that has continued to evolve over the years. It generally comprises chiefly dialogue between characters, and usually aims at dramatic / theatrical performance rather than at reading. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, opera developed as a combination of poetry, drama, and music. Nearly all drama took verse form until comparatively recently. Shakespeare could be considered drama. Romeo and Juliet, for example, is a classic romantic drama generally accepted as literature. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Drama / Plays <ul><li>Greek drama exemplifies the earliest form of drama of which we have substantial knowledge. Tragedy, as a dramatic genre, developed as a performance associated with religious and civic festivals, typically enacting or developing upon well-known historical or mythological themes. Tragedies generally presented very serious themes. With the advent of newer technologies, scripts written for non-stage media have been added to this form. War of the Worlds (radio) in 1938 saw the advent of literature written for radio broadcast, and many works of Drama have been adapted for film or television. Conversely, television, film, and radio literature have been adapted to printed or electronic media. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Drama / Plays <ul><li>Drama as we said is a play to be performed in stage/or an audience. So, </li></ul><ul><li>Features of Drama: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To be performed on stage/ to be performed in an audience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a dialogue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are actors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are actions. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Drama / Plays <ul><li>Elements of Drama: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration/Convention: starting point of theatrical performance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot: sequence of events. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme: refers to the idea/ thought/moral lesson. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stagecraft. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Music/Sound. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spectacle: scene, costume. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tragedy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Comedy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Melodrama </li></ul></ul></ul>