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Energy Psychology and Addiction

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This is an application of EP I wrote for the use with addiction.

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Energy Psychology and Addiction

  1. 1. Treating Addiction & Habits with Meridian-based Psychotherapies & Counselling An IMPC application Seminar Willem Lammers, TSTA, CTS, TESTdx
  2. 2. <ul><li>Bahnhofstrasse 2, CH-7304 Maienfeld </li></ul><ul><li>Telefon +41 81 / 302 77 03 Fax +41 81 / 302 77 04 </li></ul><ul><li>willem.lammers@iasag.ch www.iasag.ch </li></ul><ul><li>© 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>These handouts are only for the personal use of the participants of this training seminar </li></ul><ul><li>and may not be copied or otherwise redistributed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Programme <ul><li>Treatment aspects of addictions and habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stepney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>somatic aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>developmental work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment protocols for somatic aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EFT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stimulant drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>depressant drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment protocols for developmental work </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrations </li></ul><ul><li>Exercises </li></ul>
  4. 4. Addiction & Habits <ul><li>Working with addictions and habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>needs patience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>must recognise stages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sometimes only means that one can help the client to reach the next stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>confronts professionals with their own boundaries and addictive aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interventions can be helpful in one stage and counterproductive in another one </li></ul>
  5. 5. Addictions & Habits THRILL-SEEKING PHARMACOLOGICAL ORAL- MANIPULATIVE HOBBIES FOOD-BASED SOCIAL parachuting bungee-jumping etc. com- petitive sports alcohol tobacco tea & coffee sweets & chocolates over eating sugar salt soft drugs stamp-collecting etc. crosswords gum-chewing 'worry' beads hard drugs games gambling delinquency Stepney (1979) internet work TV
  6. 6. Context THRILL-SEEKING PHARMACOLOGICAL ORAL- MANIPULATIVE HOBBIES FOOD-BASED SOCIAL parachuting bungee-jumping etc. com- petitive sports alcohol tobacco tea & coffee sweets & chocolates over eating sugar salt soft drugs stamp-collecting etc. crosswords gum-chewing 'worry' beads hard drugs games gambling delinquency Healthy ego-functioning Archaic emotions Psychosomatic reactions Addictions & habits Dissociation Archaic reaction patterns
  7. 7. Treatment Aspects for the Addictive Urge
  8. 8. Functions <ul><li>The addictive urge has the following functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>concentration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sedation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stimulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduction of fear </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment must take functions into account </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions for success: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>awareness & insight: misery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>responsibility, decision </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Emotions & Feelings <ul><li>Intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>relief of the addictive urge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>finding ways to replace the substance as a means of fulfilment of functions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>discovering affective functions of addictive behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exploring healthy alternatives for substance abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cognitiv/affective treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPC </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Treatment <ul><li>The urge, craving response, somatic component needs to be treated separately from the treatment of the psychological aspects </li></ul><ul><li>The treatment focuses on a conditional bodily experience, without which the person doesn't need to abuse the substance </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the somatic stimulus which invites the client to abuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think of this urge and concentrate on your body and tell me what's going on inside </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment must work very fast to beat the substance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicotine reaches the brain 10 seconds after inhaling </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Working at the roots
  12. 12. Roots in Life <ul><li>Working at the roots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addicts have pre-addictive, addictive and post-addictive personality states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each state has an identity, an access channel, a life style and a social network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the beginning of treatment there is a dual governing state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later in the career there is a congruent addict personality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment means a restructuring of the personality of the client </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Zoran Milivojevic) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Roots in Life <ul><li>Intervention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with emptiness, despair, anxiety and trauma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tapping on timelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inner Child </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inner Parent work </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Meridian-based Psychotherapies & Counselling MPC The cause of all negative emotions is a disruption in the body's energy system (Gary Craig)
  15. 15. MPC <ul><li>Roger Callahan discovered emotions, physical symptoms and traumatic memories can change by tapping on acupuncture meridian points </li></ul><ul><li>He called his method Thought Field Therapy - TFT </li></ul><ul><li>Others have developed similar methods in recent years: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Freedom Techniques, Be Set Free Fast, Tapas Acupressure Technique </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We use the general term Meridian-based Psychotherapy & Counselling MPC </li></ul><ul><li>MPC offers fast, noninvasive procedures that relieve psychological disturbances by eliminating perturbations in the energy field of the body and changing the body’s energy system </li></ul>
  16. 16. Assumptions <ul><li>There is a subtle, partly scientifically validated energy circulatory system in the human body, whose paths are called meridians in Traditional Chinese Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>This energy field has great influence over, and many times is responsible for, the person’s physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual well-being </li></ul><ul><li>In emotionally disturbing circumstances, the energy system may lose coherence, intentionality and capacity to relate </li></ul>
  17. 17. Treatment <ul><li>The energy system can be (re)balanced by tapping with the fingertips on acupuncture points at the beginning or at the end of the meridians </li></ul><ul><li>Once treated, memories can be normally accessed, but the emotional charge is gone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The client does not get upset about the circumstance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This result is lasting for the aspect treated </li></ul><ul><li>In counselling and psychotherapy, stages similar to normal processing can be observed </li></ul>
  18. 18. Treatment <ul><li>Indications are trauma, phobias, guilt, grief and addictive cravings </li></ul><ul><li>After trauma treatment, there is a visible and obvious cognition change that shows up in the way clients talk about previously troublesome incidents </li></ul><ul><li>Intense emotions -abreactions- are not necessarily part of the treatment process, as in other treatment systems </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment sequences take only minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on emotions are often immediate and thus unbelievable </li></ul>
  19. 19. EFT: Gary Craig <ul><li>Emotional Freedom Techniques - EFT: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the easiest to learn MPC method </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an emotional healing technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a tool for altering limiting beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>also capable of dramatically relieving many physical symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>directly derived from Thought Field Therapy (TFT) by Gary Craig, a Stanford-trained engineer, businessman, and professional performance coach </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Craig trained with Dr. Roger Callahan, the originator of TFT </li></ul>
  20. 20. EFT: The Basic Recipe <ul><li>The Basic Recipe cycle lies at the heart of every EFT treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Rate the disturbance (SUD scale 0-10) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Do the Set-Up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Do the Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Do the 9-Gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Repeat the Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Rate the Distress again </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Repeat the Basic Recipe for every new aspect </li></ul><ul><li>If the subjective level of disturbance is down to 1 or 0: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor-to-Ceiling Eye Roll </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. EFT's Basic Recipe I <ul><li>All tapping is done with two fingers, firmly but gently, on any side of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Rate the distress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In order to measure progress, rate the level of distress on a SUD scale, from 0 to 10 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Setup: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before beginning treatment, rub the NLR point (sore spot) while repeating three times the affirmation: I deeply and completely accept myself with all my problems and limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the beginning of each round of treatment, tap the karate chop point while repeating three times the affirmation: Even though I (name problem) I deeply and completely accept myself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Sequence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inside eye brow, outside of eye, under eye, under nose, under lower lip, collarbone point, under arm (thumb, index finger, middle finger, little finger, karate chop point) </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Treatment Points Points can be tapped on either side of the body
  23. 23. EFT Basic Recipe II <ul><li>The 9-Gamut </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While continually tapping on the gamut spot: on back of hand (repeat reminder phrase when you begin) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Close your eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Open your eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Look down toward one corner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Look down toward the other corner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Roll your eyes in a circle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6. Roll your eyes in a circle in the other direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7. Hum a few notes of any tune </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8. Count to seven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9. Hum a few notes again </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tap the Sequence again </li></ul><ul><li>Rate the disturbance again </li></ul>
  24. 24. Floor-to-Ceiling Eye Roll <ul><li>When the SUD score is reduced to 1 or 2, do the Floor-to-Ceiling Eye Roll (er): </li></ul><ul><li>While continuously tapping on the gamut point: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>close eyes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>open eyes, look straight ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>move eyes down to the floor and then roll slowly up to the ceiling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stop tapping, close eyelids and inhale breath </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lower eyes while exhaling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This will usually lower the score to 0 and seems to consolidate treatment once the SUDs has reached 0 </li></ul>
  25. 25. EFT Protocol <ul><li>Contact problem and develop reminder phrase </li></ul><ul><li>Establish SUD score </li></ul><ul><li>Treat NLR point with general affirmation </li></ul><ul><li>Treat KC with specific affirmation </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence (with reminder phrase), 9g, Sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Check SUD score </li></ul><ul><ul><li>if >2, treat kc with modified affirmation, then Sq, 9g, Sq using modified reminder phrase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>if <2, ER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>if down only 1 point at a time, CBB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>if no change, “How is this 7 different from the earlier 7” (switched aspects) or other corrections for energy imbalances </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Starting exercise <ul><li>Most people have some constriction in their breathing which is rather easily corrected with EFT--&quot;Even though I have this constricted breathing....&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Have your client take a deep breath and ask them to assess how that breath compares to what they consider to be their potential (10). Most people come up with a lower SUD score, such as 7 or 8. A round or two of EFT usually brings them up to a 10. </li></ul><ul><li>It is advisable to take a deep breath or two before doing the initial SUDs assessment. This should take care of any &quot;stretching effect&quot; the lungs may need to go through so that the initial SUDs is more likely to be valid. </li></ul><ul><li>People's emotional issues often show up in constricted breathing. Just dealing with the breathing reduces the intensity of the emotional issue. This can be a relatively painless way to &quot;take the edge off&quot; of the emotional problem before working with it directly. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Treating the Urge
  28. 28. Preparation Process <ul><li>Contact & Contract </li></ul><ul><li>Take history </li></ul><ul><li>Explain procedures and dynamics of addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor addictive behaviour for 2-3 weeks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Client makes notes on time, quantity, trigger stimuli (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, olfactory, gustatory) </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Treating the Urge <ul><li>Identify triggers for the craving symptom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>External: visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, gustatory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify the craving symptom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>kinesthetic, not visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify submodalities: warm/cold, hard/soft, tense/relaxed, size, shape, location, frequency, duration, tingling, trembling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take SUDs for the urge to use the substance, on a scale from 0 to 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Apply EFT, TFT or the algorithm for the specific type of substance </li></ul><ul><li>Take SUDs again </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat treatment if necessary and give homework assignment </li></ul>
  30. 30. TFT for Addictive Urges <ul><li>ue, ua, c, 9G, Seq, ER </li></ul><ul><li>ue, ua, c, lf, c, 9G, Seq, ER </li></ul><ul><li>ue, c, ua, 9G, Seq, ER </li></ul><ul><li>ue, c, ua, c, ue, 9G, Seq, ER </li></ul><ul><li>ue, ua, c, ua, ue, c, 9G, Seq, ER </li></ul><ul><li>Abbreviations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ue: under eye 9G: 9 Gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ua: under arm Seq: Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c: collarbone ER: Eye roll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lf: little finger </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Treating the Urge <ul><li>Algorithm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequence, brain balancing, repeat sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brain balancing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>9 Gamut </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move eyes from the left to the right during 10 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tap or TAB (Touch-And-Breathe) acupoints </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use TAB when clients are traumatised or have a history of violence against themselves </li></ul>
  32. 32. Willem’s Algorithms <ul><li>Sequence to interrupt craving for sedating drugs (heroin, benzodiazepines): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CV-17 (between nipples), K-27 (collarbone point), Li-14 (upper edge of 8th rib inferior to nipple), SI-3 (karate chop), TW-3 (Gamut point), CV-17 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sequence to interrupt craving for stimulant drugs and for addictive non-substance behaviour: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>St-1 (under eye), Bl-2 (end of eyebrow), Sp-21 (under arm), Ex. 1 (third eye), GV 20 (top of the head) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If tapping GV 20 feels threatening, client needs much support </li></ul>
  33. 33. Points CV-17 K-27 Li-14 Ex-1 GV-20
  34. 34. Treating the Urge <ul><li>Work through all triggers which invoke addictive urge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>after a meal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>while driving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>on the telephone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>after ... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you have clearly identified the craving response, you can bring it down </li></ul><ul><li>Craving hides historical incidents which usually are outside awareness </li></ul>
  35. 35. Working on the Roots <ul><li>Timelines </li></ul><ul><li>Inner Child </li></ul><ul><li>Inner Parent </li></ul>
  36. 36. Working on the Roots <ul><li>Withdrawal history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clients have negative experiences trying to stop substance abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They expect the same in the future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These experiences must be treated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developmental arrest, script issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Substance abuse is the best way the client has to prevent re-experiencing traumatic events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The craving response is the original body response in a traumatic situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clients are generally not aware of this, they connect the craving response to the absence of the substance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traumatic experiences can also be treated with MPC </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Timeline Work <ul><li>Identify the craving response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you feel in your body when you feel this urge? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take SUDs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On a scale from 0 to 10, how strong is this urge now? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Let the client imagine to go back on a time line, led by the physical sensations of the craving response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find earlier occasions where you had this feeling in your body </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find 3 or 4 occasions when these sensations were present </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make notes on a timeline </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Working with the Inner Child <ul><li>Find the very first occasion on which this symptom was present </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The symptom is not known before this situation in the life of the client </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually this is a traumatic incident at an early age, even during pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You can use the affect bridge to reach this situation </li></ul><ul><li>The Inner Child at the time of the incident can be treated with MPC techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Treat all emotions and feelings of the child in the scene, so that the person doesn’t have any emotional or physical reactions remembering it </li></ul>
  39. 39. Working with the Inner Parent <ul><li>Traumatised parental figures in this scene may be treated in the same way </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the parental figure in the scene who had the greatest impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask the client to be this parent at the time of the incident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask the client in the role of the parent to look at the child at that early age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let her describe how she/he sees her child at that time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview the parent and diagnose the main issue of the parent figure at the time of the incident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>trauma, fear, anxiety, addiction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treat the parent for the identified issue with the help of MPC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let the parent renew contact with the child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let the client be child again and reframe the event on the basis of the new knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let the child grow up slowly </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Steps <ul><li>After the SUDs have gone down to 1 or 0, the person goes forward in time to the next scene on the timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Take SUDs for this scene and treat the memory as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Continue with the other scenes on the time-line and treat the memories as needed </li></ul><ul><li>Return to the here-and-now and let the person explore her craving response </li></ul><ul><li>Then future-pace: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>relationships, work, hobbies, pastimes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treat relapse fantasies the same way, on the basis of the craving response </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Closure <ul><li>While tapping on Central Vessel, Ren-17: Forgive others: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I forgive you, X, you didn’t have a choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do this for all significant others the client has negative experiences with </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forgive self: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I forgive myself, I did the best I could </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Relapse <ul><li>Relapse = reversal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Before treatment, find out what they’re reversed on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before any treatment, treat reversal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach clients how to treat reversal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For recurring reversal test client between second & third rib </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check for neurological disorganisation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Procedure of treatment is very simple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tap on the side of the hand, while saying: I deeply and completely accept myself, even if... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You can muscle test or just assume that there is a reversal </li></ul>
  43. 43. Larry Nims’ Failsafe System <ul><li>Test and treat each in the following sequence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) I want to get over (be free of) this problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) I am willing to get over (be free of) this problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) I am willing to get over (be free of) this problem now (from now on) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4) I give myself permission to be free of this problem from now on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5) It’s OK for me to be free of this problem from now on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6) I deserve to be permanently free of this problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7) I will do everything necessary to see to it that I am free, and remain free of this problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the following statements will test negative: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8) There is still a problem that will make me keep or take back this problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9) There is still something in me that will make me keep or take back this problem </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Substance Management <ul><li>Drugs and alcohol can cause reversal and relapse, due to situation-dependent learning and to toxines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The additives in wine may contain toxines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most commercial beers contain many additives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White wine contains sulphites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test before and during each glass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You might test fine for the first glass but not for the second </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantity is important </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Food Addiction <ul><li>Food addiction is more difficult than drugs or tobacco, because you need food to live </li></ul><ul><li>The vicious five disturb signals from the appetite regulation centre in the brain, the diencephalon: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>animal proteins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clients need education to change their way of living </li></ul>
  46. 46. Self-Image & Self-Confidence Indicators <ul><li>T & T for self-image and self-confidence statements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do it in the first session, unless the client has a pressing issue which overrides this </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T & T each statement individually </li></ul><ul><li>T & T each group of statements collectively after treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I'm strong in all of these areas now </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treat by continuously tapping on the karate chop point, while saying three times: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I deeply and completely accept myself even if ....(statement) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( T & T : Test & Treat as needed) </li></ul>
  47. 47. Self-Image <ul><li>Self-image statements (being): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I like myself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I am a good person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do have personal value and worth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do deserve good things in life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do deserve to be loved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do deserve God‘s love </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do have a good mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do have a good body </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embracing life: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I do want to live </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do want to be happy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I do love myself </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Self-Confidence <ul><li>Self-confidence statements (doing): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I am good at things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I am a capable person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I can learn to do what I want and do it well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have good talents, skills and abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a skillful mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a skillful body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I run my life well </li></ul></ul>

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