Close Reading Walker Percy

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A guided walkthrough of one paragraph from "Loss of the Creature" by Walker Percy, showcasing some of the basic tools of close reading

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Close Reading Walker Percy

  1. 1. Close ReadingWalker Percy
  2. 2. Close Reading:
  3. 3. Close Reading:Using annotation, word-by-word, sentence-by-sentence, and rhetorical analysis to digdeep into a complex text
  4. 4. Close Reading:Using annotation, word-by-word, sentence-by-sentence, and rhetorical analysis to digdeep into a complex textActive, not passive
  5. 5. Close Reading:Using annotation, word-by-word, sentence-by-sentence, and rhetorical analysis to digdeep into a complex textActive, not passiveMore like a conversation
  6. 6. rhetorical analysis:
  7. 7. rhetorical analysis:“Toolkit” (p. 98)
  8. 8. rhetorical analysis:“Toolkit” (p. 98)Author, Audience, Purpose
  9. 9. rhetorical analysis:“Toolkit” (p. 98)Author, Audience, PurposeThree Appeals: Pathos Ethos Logos
  10. 10. rhetorical analysis:“Toolkit” (p. 98)Author, Audience, PurposeThree Appeals: Pathos Ethos LogosNot just what the author says, but howthe author says it
  11. 11. annotation:
  12. 12. annotation:Marking up a text
  13. 13. annotation:Marking up a text On paper: Highlighting Margin notes
  14. 14. annotation:Marking up a text On paper: Highlighting Margin notes On screen: Techniques vary
  15. 15. annotation:Marking up a text On paper: Highlighting Margin notes On screen: Techniques vary Most important: Mark important passages Write notes and comments right on the text Mark up as you read
  16. 16. word-by-word:sentence-by-sentnece:
  17. 17. word-by-word:sentence-by-sentnece: Go slow
  18. 18. word-by-word:sentence-by-sentnece: Go slow Examine words familiar and unfamiliar both
  19. 19. word-by-word:sentence-by-sentnece: Go slow Examine words familiar and unfamiliar both Paraphrase and summarize in your head and on paper
  20. 20. word-by-word:sentence-by-sentnece: Go slow Examine words familiar and unfamiliar both Paraphrase and summarize in your head and on paper Think about connections between ideas
  21. 21. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already beenformed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  22. 22. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already beenformed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  23. 23. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already beenformed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  24. 24. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already beenformed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  25. 25. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already been •Appropriate: •Symbolic Complex:formed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  26. 26. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It is • Appropriate: Take the Grand Canyon, the thing as italmost impossible because something for one’s own use, typically is, hasbeenwithout the owner’sthe symbolic complexAmerican Dictionary) been appropriated by approval (New Oxford which has already • Symbolic Complex:formed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approved •Symbolic: the symbolic complex head on. The thing iscircumstances is seeing •Complex: as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatno longer the thingwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  27. 27. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It is • Appropriate: Take the Grand Canyon, the thing as italmost impossible because something for one’s own use, typically is, hasbeenwithout the owner’sthe symbolic complexAmerican Dictionary) been appropriated by approval (New Oxford which has already • Symbolic Complex:formed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approved •Symbolic: Representing or standing in for something else iscircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing •Complex: as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatno longer the thingwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  28. 28. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks up •Appropriate: one’s back yard one’s own directly ata strange object from Take something forand gazes use, typically it? It is without the owner’s approval (New Oxford American Dictionary) hasalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is,been •appropriatedComplex: complex which has already been Symbolic by the symbolicformed •in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the in for something else Symbolic: Representing or standing canyon under approved •Complex: (Psychoanalysis) a related group of on. The thing iscircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head emotionally significant ideas that are completely or partly repressed andno longer the thing as conflict leading the Spaniard; it is states that that cause psychic it confronted to abnormal mental rather or behavior.which has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  29. 29. what was that?
  30. 30. •Symbolic: Representing or standing in for something else•Complex: (Psychoanalysis) a related group of emotionallysignificant ideas that are completely or partly repressed andthat cause psychic conflict leading to abnormal mental statesor behavior.
  31. 31. It is almost impossible because the GrandCanyon, the thing as it is, has beenappropriated by the symbolic complex whichhas already been formed in the sightseer’smind.
  32. 32. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already beenformed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  33. 33. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already beenformed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  34. 34. let’s try: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already beenformed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  35. 35. •Symbolic: Representing or standing in for something else•Complex: (Psychoanalysis) a related group of emotionallysignificant ideas that are completely or partly repressed andthat cause psychic conflict leading to abnormal mental statesor behavior.
  36. 36. •Symbolic: Representing or standing in for something elseSo, the postcard and guidebook and tourist folders arenow standing in for the canyon itself?•Complex: (Psychoanalysis) a related group of emotionallysignificant ideas that are completely or partly repressed andthat cause psychic conflict leading to abnormal mental statesor behavior.
  37. 37. •Symbolic: Representing or standing in for something elseSo, the postcard and guidebook and tourist folders arenow standing in for the canyon itself?•Complex: (Psychoanalysis) a related group of emotionallysignificant ideas that are completely or partly repressed andthat cause psychic conflict leading to abnormal mental statesor behavior.And those “symbols” of the canyon are repressed?No—what’s repressed is the canyon itself!
  38. 38. here it is again: (5th paragraph) Why is it almost impossible to gaze directly at the Grand Canyonunder these circumstances and see it for what it is—as one picks upa strange object from one’s back yard and gazes directly at it? It isalmost impossible because the Grand Canyon, the thing as it is, hasbeen appropriated by the symbolic complex which has already beenformed in the sightseer’s mind. Seeing the canyon under approvedcircumstances is seeing the symbolic complex head on. The thing isno longer the thing as it confronted the Spaniard; it is rather thatwhich has already been formulated—by picture postcard, geographybook, tourist folders, and the words Grand Canyon.
  39. 39. note:
  40. 40. note:This can take a while
  41. 41. note:This can take a whileNotice what you don’t know and whatyou don’t understand
  42. 42. note:This can take a whileNotice what you don’t know and whatyou don’t understandGo back, connect ideas, and paraphrasein your own words
  43. 43. note:This can take a whileNotice what you don’t know and whatyou don’t understandGo back, connect ideas, and paraphrasein your own wordsDon’t worry if you don’t understand
  44. 44. note:This can take a whileNotice what you don’t know and whatyou don’t understandGo back, connect ideas, and paraphrasein your own wordsDon’t worry if you don’t understandKeep going, even if you feel bored, tired,or frustrated

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