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Film Language: Camera Movements in Cinema and Film Studies.

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A long PDF that has been used to introduce GCSE Film Students to the complicated process of identifying and explaining the use of camera movement. This is a fairly detailed series of slides which I have used in school for a couple of classes now. As it is a PDF the clips do not play but where possible I've used SlideShare and YouTube to embed the relevant videos which is why some images or slides may appear repeated. Included on the slide are a list of the videos referred to and used. . Similarly, as it was designed to be used in lessons the overall 'structure' is somewhat disjointed and is missing slides that includes answers or ideas that were discussed in lessons. In order to help where possible, I've included large versions of worksheets so that these can be clipped and printed out if necessary. Many thanks for taking a look and please feel free to take a look at my other uploads as you will find plenty there on other aspects of Film Studies

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Film Language: Camera Movements in Cinema and Film Studies.

  1. 1. camera movements
  2. 2. why camera movement is important:
  3. 3. there are lots of camera movements. we’re going to focus on just 9
  4. 4. how and why do we analyse camera movement?
  5. 5. 1. a camera moves to show, tell or reveal information to an audience. Sometimes though, this isn’t in straight lines.
  6. 6. 2. if you can clearly see a camera movement: A. describe what the movement is, B. then where it moves from then to. C. finally, describe what it tells, shows or teaches us.
  7. 7. There are lots of different camera movements and many different ways of describing them. for clarity, we’re going to focus on nine different ones and use the following terms for them:
  8. 8. pan tilt ped dolly track zoom crane steadicam POV
  9. 9. pan tilt zoom Thecameramovesfromlefttoright(orrighttoleft)from afixedposition. (Imagineshakingyourheadasyousayno) The camera moves from down to up (or up to down) from a fixed position. (Imagine nodding your head as you say yes) The camera does not move, the camera lens does. As the lens moves closer (or further away) so the image increases in size (or decreases).
  10. 10. ped dolly track Thecameramovesupordowninafixedposition. (imagineyourneckgettingtallerorshorter) A DOLLY IS A CART THAT TRAVELS ALONG TRACKS THIS ALLOWS THE CAMERA TO MOVE SMOOTHLY ALONG A PRE-DETERMINED PATH. (CAMERA MOVES IN OR OUTWARDS) a smooth shot in which the camera moves alongside the subject, usually mounted on a dolly. sometimes known as a crab shot.
  11. 11. CRANE POV steadicam THECAMERAISFIXEDTOACRANE(ALSOKNOWNASAJIB ORBOOM)ANDCANMOVEINTOANDAROUNDINTHEAIR. STANDS FOR POINT OF VIEW. CAMERA IS IN THE POSITION OF A CHARACTER AND PLACES US IN THEIR POSITION. a smooth shot in which the camera follows a subject or situation. This is sometimes known as a ‘one shot’ because the film often doesn’t cut away from the action.
  12. 12. watch the video closely, looking at the examples of camera movements.
  13. 13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJ7BBBh7JGY
  14. 14. watch the videos closely, looking at the individual examples of camera movements.
  15. 15. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirections,fromweretowhere?
  16. 16. what movement is this? “apanfromlefttoright” pan
  17. 17. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirections,fromweretowhere?
  18. 18. what movement is this? tiltfromthebottomoftheframetothetop. tilt
  19. 19. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirections,fromweretowhere?
  20. 20. what movement is this? thecameraquicklyzoomsinwards zoom
  21. 21. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirections,fromweretowhere?
  22. 22. what movement is this? dolly‘inwards’fromthebackoftheframeinwards. dolly
  23. 23. a series of dolly movements from stanley kubrick
  24. 24. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirections,fromweretowhere?
  25. 25. what movement is this? thecameratracksfromlefttoright track
  26. 26. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirections,fromweretowhere?
  27. 27. what movement is this? thecameratracksfromlefttoright. track
  28. 28. a brilliant example of a track from right to left:
  29. 29. this movement is sometimes referred to as a lateral track, as it will follow a track in a ‘lateral’ direction meaning sideways. This is also why it’s sometimes known as a ‘crab’.
  30. 30. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pdSKot0psNg here’s the brilliant every frame a painting to explain the importance of the the track:
  31. 31. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirections,fromweretowhere?
  32. 32. what movement is this? thecamerapedsupwardsfromthebottomoftheframe ped
  33. 33. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirectionsorwhatitshows
  34. 34. what movement is this? thepovshotputsusintheshoesofthespyashetacklesarangeofissuesandenemies pov
  35. 35. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirectionsorwhatitshows
  36. 36. what movement is this? pov thepovshotshowsusthescenefromtheperspectiveofamurdererashestalksthroughthehouse.
  37. 37. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirectionsorwhatitshows
  38. 38. what movement is this? crane
  39. 39. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirectionsorwhatitshows
  40. 40. what movement is this? thecameramovesupwardsabovethesceneafterstartinglowinaclose-up. crane
  41. 41. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirectionsorwhatitshows
  42. 42. what movement is this? steadicam thecamerafollowsjamesbondinaseamlessscenethatlacksobviouseditsor cutstoshowhimfindinghistarget
  43. 43. what movement is this? remembertodescribethedirectionsorwhatitshows
  44. 44. what movement is this? steadicam thecamerafollowsthecoupleastheyentertheclubthroughaspecialentranceandwedonot cutaway,allowingustoseeeverythingthatoccursinthekitchenandotherareas.
  45. 45. please note: whatwewillbecallingasteadicamshotisalsoknownasa one-shotoratrackingshot. itisusedtodescribeaone-takesceneorshotthatfollowsa characterorsituationdeveloping.Thisisbecausethecamera ‘tracks’theaction. steadicam / one-shot / tracking shot
  46. 46. we’regoingtoavoiddescribingaone-shotasatrackingshot, asitmaycontainmorethanonetypeofcameramovement. thiscanalsobeknownasasequenceshot,asteadicamshot,a one-take,a‘oner’ andmanyothers! steadicam / one-shot / tracking shot
  47. 47. sometimes, picking out camera movement is not easy… because films are not always made the same way…
  48. 48. This behind the scenes feature shows how that incredible scene from the raid 2 was created:
  49. 49. describing camera movements can be difficult, especially in modern films where the camera doesn’t need to be on a tripod. if a camera moves and it seems important, just try to describe where the camera moves.
  50. 50. for example: try to describe the camera movements in this scene
  51. 51. Modern filmmaking differs considerably from ‘classic’ filmmaking. Hitchcock was, at times, a traditional and formal filmmaker who often used camera movements in a traditional manner.. This means that often it’s easier to analyse clips from film such as his classic rear window. Watch the following clip and then use it to complete the table on the next slide.
  52. 52. rear window:
  53. 53. rear window, this time only featuring the camera movements:
  54. 54. For the last column, describe what each movement is telling the audience. why has the director made the camera move in the way that he does? what is the point? we hear no dialogue but we learn about the area, some of the people who live there and some key detail about our main character. what do we learn? how does the camera movement help to tell us?
  55. 55. Finally, to create a formal analysis, try to write a 4 sentence explanation of how these movements communicate something about this scene: (what do we learn about the view and the neighbours? How do these movements help in revealing these things?)
  56. 56. (Point) “In this clip we learn that or we react to the clip… (Evidence) “We see this with the camera movements… (Explanation) “these movements help the audience to feel/understand … because…”
  57. 57. analysis time! watch this clip and analyse the use of camera movements. Identify the movements, explain what they show and then analyse what they aim to inform us about or how they aim to make us react.
  58. 58. analysis time part 2: slightly harder! watch this clip and analyse the use of camera movements. Identify the movements, explain what they show and then analyse what they aim to inform us about or how they aim to make us react.
  59. 59. analysis time part 3: hardest yet! watch this clip and analyse the use of camera movements. Identify the movements, explain what they show and then analyse what they aim to inform us about or how they aim to make us react.
  60. 60. video credits: BREAKING BAD - Motivated Camera Movement is on slide 3 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TJ7BBBh7JGY is on slide 14 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7m8_QLnRBFo is on slide 16 Neighbors (8/10) Movie CLIP - Air Bag Prank (2014) HD is on slide 19 Shaun of the Dead - The Plan is on slide 22 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ur3121e_Cgg is on slide 25 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y3uOitRaX9s is on slide 27 Shaun of the Dead (2/8) Movie CLIP - Oblivious to the Zombies (2004) HD is on slide 29 The Shining Ballscene 1080p is on slide 31 Oldboy The Corridor Fight Scene is on slide 33 Wolf Children (2012) - The Lateral Tracking Shot is on slide 35 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XmMi1j2Zrkk is on slide 37 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=42GwGBfGo3E is on slide 40 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UBpugQt-uTg is on slide 42 Gone With The Wind (1939) Battle of Atlanta Injuries is on slide 44 High Noon Crane Shot is on slide 46 Spectre- Opening Tracking Shot in 1080p is on slide 49 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Sr-vxVaY_M is on slide 51 The Raid 2 Car Chase (2014) HD is on slide 55 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErrRhXItBWc is on slide 56 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QlQ_thbFtDA is on slide 58 Camera Movement in Rear Window - an analysis task for Film Students is on slide 61 Use of camera movement in Rear Window - simplified is on slide 62 Iron Man to the Rescue - Iron Man (8/9) Movie CLIP (2008) HD is on slide 67 Moonrise Kingdom - Sam and Suzy's first encounter is on slide 69 Godzilla- The Arrival (Beach Scene) is on slide 71

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