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AS Level Film Studies Fm2 Section A revision

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AS Level Film Studies Fm2 Section A revision

  1. 1. AS FILM STUDIES R V I E ION S F 2 Po ues n A d ne M - rdcr ad uiecs
  2. 2. F 2 Bith A e a f M - ris & mr nil ic m• This section of AS Film studies is an examination.• This exam is on the 14th May.• The exam is 2 1/2 hours long.• You answer 3 questions as 3 essays.
  3. 3. F 2 3 SECTIONS M-• FM2 is divided into 3 sections. Each will be concerned with a different section of British or American film.• Section A is about Producers and Audiences.• Section B is about British Film (Working Title)• Section C is about American Film (Comparative Study)
  4. 4. F2 M Section A• This question asks you to consider why films are made, the way in which films are made, who they are made for, distributed and exhibited.• This is linked in with audience as consumers.• You will need to be able to consider the way that people watch films, why they watch them and how films are made for them.• The exam will present you with a question about any of these ideas and you will be asked to answer this using the knowledge you have gained from this Unit of work.
  5. 5. Kyoi f F 2 ef o M c r• F fac, p dc nd t u n n xibio in mra n il inne r ut , isibt a eh itn A e ad m o io r io icBit . rain• R fc n n e oabhv u a cn mra ad r . eet o pr nleaiors os e f n c ic l io s u , n it• H l o d sh d m at r in inm. oy o a t o inn f c c e a lw e oe• T cnl ic cags uiec cags n t cags eho ga hne, ad ne hne ad h hne in o l ecnu p nosmt . io• Pa . ir y c•Sr ts a.• U drad gaasg n ep in gil cn mtn ky t ne t in, nlin ad xl in f os p is e in h sn y a m u io isa a f ok n yu il e xet t udr k iniv ul okr o wrad o wl epc d o ne ae d idawr e b e t
  6. 6. F 2 SECTION AM- • Inorder to do well on this section of the exam paper, you will need to take an interest in films and in cinema. • You will need to watch films, pay attention to film stars and films that are in production. You will need to engage in research on why people watch films, explore ways in which people watch films and begin to develop opinions as to why films are made and exhibited.
  7. 7. W aa ea inrl k go? htr xm e o in f e so r• Understanding & appreciation of cinema. This includes filmfinance, production, distribution and exhibition in America andBritain. A strong understanding of the UK film market throughconsumption both nationally but also locally.• Critical skills of being able to interpret information relating todiffering aspects of the film industry. Reflection on personalbehaviour as a consumer, fan and critic.
  8. 8. Sneaky tip!• F 2 etn w f u o t profit M Sc A ilo s n h io lc e m te fh f inut ad h pleasure oiv o t il dsy n t em r em te fh ad ne oiv o t uiec. e• H nef a ‘p dc ad ne s os e ’. T e xm att t to t s if ec, il s r ut uiec a ‘cnu r h ea wn o e yu o e m o ’, ms s s eyu r alt so yu udrad g f m s wy f ain m ny n / rho a b o hw or ne t in o f a a a o mk g oe ad o t e e sn il eco e t t ep mk we wt in f a lkd ir t t t ir w p a rhicsh po l ae hn a h gil r ine de l o h o n l s e a e c m e cy e eu.• W a vr us n yu r a e, t y il e b u t ida f m r t t mk ht e qet s o a s d h wl aoth e o f c a d o ae e io e k e b e il e em ny n t n a hdo p a r oe ad h wt e f l s e e c reu.
  9. 9. What else is there to know?• T e us n in etn w hv aou o t dmn f f ad ile t t h qet s Sc A il ae f s n h e ado il n wl le o io io l c e rm racnu p n t U - o wn ne t ko aot o ad h po lin h Uosmt in h Kyu o’t ed o nw b u hw n wy ep t S io e e ewt f sahuh yu oko ay in aoth itolb a sf cut - a hil ( log ifo d nw nt g b u t cu e ue lon r c m t h is d u ep in in n nwr o t a as e . )• C n mtn il o jte t t c e a os p wl t sra o inm. u io n u le• C m e iaad uu l nic c w b imot t o mr ln clr s ifa e il e p r n c t a ig n l a.• Bhv u o t ad ne ky eaior fh uiec is e. e• C s s d s n r er a vain xl in t s bhv u . a t ie ad e a h r it ep in gh e eaior eu s c e l a e s• T e p r neo nt ft s va h imot c, r o, o s ris it. a a l
  10. 10. Those key areas in single words: •F ac inne•Mr tg ae k in Your 2 questions •Or na n g is io a t•A d ne uiec will focus on these areas: •P dc n r ut o io•Eh itn xibio •D t u n isibt r io•C n mtn os p u io
  11. 11. How do you do well in the exam?• U e h s u s a rl o’t cs so t t rorn e t uh ishr f a s t t l mt ia D n f u jt n h f yu as rh g- t eo e im u e . o u ao w o it e r‘j p f o tt sa ida t focus yu ida ad nw de( o ne t ko u o p in o pr es o m f ’, k , or es n ko l g. Y u ed o nw eaoths a a o t ltlebt o d yu nw h h n/yu hu w e b u t e r s n h a s , u hw o o ko wic oe o sol r o e e s id s d itaot yu as e U e h s u s a rl b u in ornwr s t t l mt ia. ? e im u e )• Egg t mt ia Qus n . Age it it g e it it nae h a rl et it r wh . A r wh . Mention e e . io u e it.• U e f w c e t ie s oo n a s d s s u .• Absoe n e nt n f m e oy ep k as r o oer mm r w, o .• W e ne t d g f e dsye eia in ’s o p xy n it u o mr tg id udra in o t inut , s cl it cml itad ’s s f a e . sn h r p l y e e k in• Pr nln e d wl oog sup r d y v ec. e oaas r o e, s l a spot b eidne s ws l n e
  12. 12. W ro yu o n r pir ok n or w o in as . Y u ae m u sow e o n s o hv 5 int t r d w a e it M N ida a p s l A Y es s os e ib . wy ow hd e wt f s a hil ? c mY u hu d t o a iee f o sol o h n p c o d isle pprn t wle e ind ae ad h il ky is b W wl e sa ida ad e ilhn hr es n t e f yu r is n oe. o ore io nt r v s s aida f m t r t l esr oh s e o e.
  13. 13. Audience
  14. 14. distribution
  15. 15. Key findings from research• W y O po lwt f s h D ep a hil ? e c m• I hr a ifr c bten gs edr l a nin r t s e df e e e e ae, gne , o t , t e s t e en w s c io e s?• I h l lt b df eto t r le b t l a ad a nl mye vn s isik yo e ifr t oh p cs oho l n nt a , ab ee t e en e a , cly io l yin ra nl t nt a ? e io l y• H w a t s r sn cagd W y o hv h e e oshne? h? e e a• W aeidne o e a t s p rt ?B x f eD D/ lr se cags ht v ec d w hv o u oth ( o oic, V B - a a s hne e p is f u y l,in h wy ep byetils t a po l u/ n f ? e e r m) • Make sure you note down the answers provided by others.
  16. 16. If we know why people watch films, how can this be exploited to make money?• Sc n is jtb u ad ne et A n u aotuiecs io ’t s .• I l f u s n o t y r u d o a m nyo t f inu r t s o s o hwh a s t mk oe f h il dsy ao c e e e e e rem t.• T is we t a et frdcrcms . h is hr h s co Po ue o e in e e p s• W ais P dcr ht a r ue o ?
  17. 17. • Po ue iv s m erdcr Af po ue oe es n dl rail po ct a reat otwilpee in t in g yvic ad is n fh il rdcr vr e ad e e f rj to le vn hs he r r gh t r , o e n vio o t m s ll s sv e e it f . T e wll o e t e n o einniark y sghir w m nyepcl drgh pe rdc n e d il hy il s fn a o sm facl b uin t o n oe, seia uin t r po ut pr , m ao t k is e ly e - io io e bf e f isuyinne. Mn f po ue a aotetdetr s en re , atr btht ntlash e r ail flfacd ayil rdcr r l a n ( ir os c ew r c s u t is o a yt o m l m ses l c , r it s o ) a w e cs. ae• T e rdcr o e ate ino e t ogotl a r hss fh f mk g rcs f m cp n n h po ue is fn c l vl d h uhu a mj pa o t il ain poesr inet ad t iv y v r l o e em , o io dvl mn t cmlio ad e e o ail po c H wvr n e o cneto ail cn rint wh n ee p eto o p tn n dl r f f rj t o ee a ida rocp f f a oig a it ay o e iv y m e. , r m e iniv ul c d g s en re a ir tr r po ue d ida inl in a c ew r de o o a rdcr , u r it , c .• Apo ue bg s y b in gh rh t c a o c- r t aet eeg s enl. T e rdcr rdcr ein b o t in t igt o r t roc a f u - nt c ep y h po ue a e s ee e e a rl h r aoe esh poes h h c ds o rintgspr in ad ot l g a rseto t po c vr e t rcs wic inl e cod a , ue isg n cn oin mj a c fh rj t s e , u in v rl o p s e e.T is c dsudain ad irg e rl sc a t cs g ir tr ril detr hyll inune h inl e f r g n hin kyo suh sh a in de o o f ir o. T el s fec u n is e e t c m c ao lt hin o ohr e onluh sh U M r e rdcrn acut th irg f t pr nesc a t P o l po ue ad con n e e s e in a.• “F m h f t rtc t hog a s gs frdc nt t fadbsces ra r r tlglin h hns fh r t ir da s ip t uh lt e o po ut , o h inlu, ucso fue e s r y t ad o t o e s f r, r la io e il s ae e e po ue Eprne t fld e nto e vrigt a e it b r ot f n ya o c a e n t hiclnw rdcr xe c in h ie os o cm oe h Rt r is on u o l g er fr t ad e n ako - . ie is d n . h o s e iv c hwad b v a aoeo t j ad lhtos it it oe e wh h ail t co s t rh tet it wic o , n aoe l l f h o n a t ge wh , tgt r it t bit o hoe h igta n wh h h l v re b la h e y e l t sr ud ime.” o ur n h sl o f
  18. 18. finance
  19. 19. Economics and the film industry• T e a t go a o b a isht cm e iaf ish p dco a inu r h min h t t e n or t a o mr l m t r ut fn dsy in k d a c il e o tt t sseho g adaor T is otm ny T is oe nesobh ue t nl y n l u. h cs oe. h m ny ed t e a c o b sr opde ue. c• Bc s o t yu ea e fh o must u is hv a a a nso hw p r n fac is t f ae n wr es fo imot t ne in h il e a in eminut . dsy r• W e d e t m ny o W y os f cs$0mln hr osh oe g? h d e ail ot 10 il +? e e m io• Te a 4 hr r e e min t e in h f - ain poes a s gs t il mk g rcs a em .
  20. 20. The film making process• Pre-production: initial idea is thought of, developed and worked on. Thisincludes scripts, storyboards and casting.• Production: The film is ‘recorded’ and put on physical film or digitally recorded.This includes sound such as voice overs and soundtracks.• Post-production: Images and sounds are edited together into a cohesive film.Elements may be changed or developed further.• Marketing: The act of telling people about the film. Spreading word about thefilm and the people in it. This is now usually done throughout the filmmakingprocess, not just at the end. Distribution costs are usually factored in at this stage. • Where does the producer come into things here?
  21. 21. The film making process• Pre-production: initial idea is thought of, developed and worked on. This th eincludes scripts, storyboards and casting. s• Production: d o e is The film is ‘recorded’ and put on physical film or digitally recorded. h e r e f thThis includes sound such as voice overs and soundtracks. o W r a ll fo• Post-production: Images and sounds are edited together into a cohesive film. e y ?Elements may be changed or developed further. m o n f ro m e• Marketing: The act of telling people about the film. Spreading word about the c o mfilm and the people in it. This is now usually done throughout the filmmakingprocess, not just at the end. Distribution costs are usually factored in at this stage.
  22. 22. W ro yu o n r pir ok n or w o in as . Y u ae m u sow e o n s o hv 5 int t r d w a e it M N ida a p s l A Y es s os e ib . hw of o d il m cmaie mk m ny o pn s ae oe?Y u hu d t o a iee f o sol o h n p c o d isle pprn t wle e ind ae ad h il ky is b W wl e sa ida ad e ilhn hr es n t e f yu r is n oe. o ore io nt r v s s aida f m t r t l esr oh s e o e.
  23. 23. Questions for reflection:• T waet tr H l o dilsiml‘p dc ’ md t mk a rf o ht x n a oy o f s p r ut ae o ae po ? e e l w m y o s it• H w p r n is a e g inunin po lt wt H l o dils o at o imot t mr t in fec g ep o a h oy o f b t th a k in l e c lw m h ec e a n o D D/ lRy R n le ic?inm ad n V B - a / et sr e u a v• H w r avr in hir ifrgom u d o r t ad ne f f sAe hy s o a de s t df in f s s t c a uiecso il ? r t a e t e e r e ee rm eimot tshy sd ob ad h? p r n a t ue t e n wy a e • Choose one of these to answer in a paragraph of key ideas.
  24. 24. marketing
  25. 25. Key terms:• Release pattern: The order in which the film is released to the public. Includes location as well as time. Includes the number of screens that will be showing the film at any given time, including (less so these days) physical prints.• Poster campaign: A marketing strategy involving the careful creation of posters to inform audiences at the film. Each stage of production will usually yield a specific poster in the case of large films that have the marketing budget to do so. Essentially done to excite and interest the audience.• The talent: A term for the main creative people involved in the film. Usually refers to the director, producer, screenwriter and actors. May include others such as cinematographer, soundtrack artist or more.• USP: Unique selling point. The ‘hook’ by which the film is sold to the audience. Why it is unique, different, interesting or simply worth watching.
  26. 26. W ro yu o n r pir ok n or w o in as . Y u ae m u sow e o n s o hv 5 int t r d w a e it M N ida a p s l A Y es s os e ib . hw r f s o a il em mr t ? ae d keY u hu d t o a iee f o sol o h n p c o d isle pprn t wle e ind ae ad h il ky is b W wl e sa ida ad e ilhn hr es n t e f yu r is n oe. o ore io nt r v s s aida f m t r t l esr oh s e o e.
  27. 27. production
  28. 28. Old vs New Hollywood• 13s n 14s H l o d o e ko n sh G l n 90 ad 90 in oy o is fn nw a t o e lw t e dA e f oy o dAs ko n s lsaH l o d r g o H l o . l nw a Ca icl oy o o lw o s lws p , OlH l o diml d oy o . y lw• H w uh o e nw b u itH w it ifr to h o mc d w ko aot ? o is df e t t en eH l o d fo a? o d e t r r et sl t oy o o tdyH w osh e e n it f h lw is p s e in ef shtr po ue in oy o d o cma d owail t a rdcd H l o nw o pr t ht m a e lw eue t b? h? sd o eW y
  29. 29. Why the changes?• On p c o ppr r t aimlerm 92 o 02 a iee fae c a t e f 11 t 21. , ee in o• W aht ic eetad eho gacags a ht is ra vn n t nl iclhne hv o l s c o eocr d t t e htolhv hd n fco t F cur in h im t cu ae a a eet n h il e is a d f e mI ut ?n sy d r• Lblorimle n b p pr t ad x a es n aeyu t e ad e r a d o d et ida ad in e e rnt f t eett ho g soe o h vn / cnl ie. sre se o
  30. 30. What do you need to know?• T hv a a a nso t ht ic dvl mn o t o ae n wr es fh is ra ee p et fh e e o l o eH l o dil inut . oy o f dsy lw m r• T b alt cma OlH l o d it nw oy o d o e b o o pr d oy o wh e H l o . e e lw lw• T b alt ep in ad el )t t oy o d a a a o e b o xl ( n r is h H l o hs l y e a ae a l w wsse f mk g s cm e iaee is.enil ain a a o mr lxr e m c c
  31. 31. British Cinema• What is a British Film?• Sa ida ad is s D vl a n s t c as e hr es n d c s ee p oe e e e nwr e u. o nn .
  32. 32. British Cinema• Are the Harry Potter films British? Think carefully before you answer:• What about Four Weddings and a Funeral? C nidrh os e te• Is Shaun of the Dead British? df in s gs fee p et ifrg t e o dvl mn e a o .• Is Hot Fuzz? C nidrh tet os e t a n e l .• What about The Dark Knight? C nidruuaad oia os e clr n scl t l• Are the James Bond films British? idn y et . it
  33. 33. British Cinema - Key facts:• F ue f 20 ( p l ie) igr o 02 ao g s sr o : At the closure of the UK Film• F inut wr $3il n il dsy ot 6bl . m r h io Council on 31 March 2011, The Guardian reported that "The• A e a f t e 8%sa o t mr t mr nil a s 0 hr fh a e ic m k e e k. UKFCs entire annual budget was a reported £3m, while the cost of• Bit t e 5 ( r 5 o t nn mra sa ) ra a s % o 2% fh o- e n hr . in k e A ic e closing it down and restructuring is estimated to have been almost four• B Csed 1 o it anaino e nil. B pns % f’s nul cm o f m times that amount."[4] One of the UKFCs last films, The Kings Spee• Lr sa on set nil po utn y U cm e iaboda e is hne4 a etm utpn o f rdc b a K o mr lracs r C anl. g m io c t ch, is estimated to have cost $15m to make and grossed $235m, besides winning several Academy• 9%o Po utn o pn s t U e p yeshn 0 ep . 5 frdc C maie in h K ml l t 1 po l io e o s a e Awards. UKFC invested $1 .6m for a 34% share of net profits, a• I20 4 f s r po ue b U cmaie. I20 it a 2. I18 it a T O! n 03 3il a rdcd y K o pn sn 04 ws 7 n 92 ws W m e valuable stake which will pass to the British Film Institute.[17]• I21 t U G vrmn s apd h U F C uc a oe mn Fne n 00 h K oe etc pe t K il onil G vr etudd e n r e m , n ‘cmayt t e e f dil. o pn’ h hl du f a p n m
  34. 34. Questions for reflection - British Film:• Iwawy Bit C e a r ta df eto mra F ? n ht a is ris inm a is l ifr t A e n il h t icl e n y ic m• W adfe a r h il? ht e s Bit F in is m• H w a Bit C e a o e hn g sA e a F ? o cn ris inm cp we aa t mr n il h in ic m• W y a Bit f s en o cm e ia ad r a s csu h hv ris il be b t o mr l n c icl u es l e hm h cl y it l c f yoe es t lt 0 er vr a in h a 2 ya ? s es s• W y Bit teth in in h Go amr t h is ris a n t iv g t l l a e h l r e b k?
  35. 35. exhibition
  36. 36. Exhibition in the cinema Key Points• W aa t df ec bt en dpnetn ca c e a in h U ? htr h ifrne e e ineedn ad hin inms te K e e e w• D yu ae n ineedn c e a na yu o o hv ay dpnetinms er o ? Ensure you can answer• H v yu vr ise o e H w it ifrn ae o ee vit n? o is df et d e ? these questions. Make notes!• W aish p in o a ineedn c e a t m dr c a ? ht te o t fn dpnetinm in h o en l t e im e• W aish p in o a u ip x H w os mk m ny ht te o t f ml l ? o d e it ae o e? te• W o eids htils e so n t inmsW y r sm f s h w f l gr h dc e waf gth w ac e a h ae o eil so no o e? m ? m r n• W y r sm f s o so n th c e a h ae o eil n th w ate inm? m• W at e o f s h w acr in eio s t c e a hty s f m so n tet pr d in h inm? p il a e
  37. 37. Exhibition - discussion points• Ba s r ad hr ida f t s 2 us n: rin t m n sae eso h e qet s o r e io • What effects the success of a film at the cinema? • Why do the attendance figures (and as a result Box Office figures) change across years?
  38. 38. Exhibition - discussion points • Why are cinema attendances down?• How are cinemas trying to attract customers? • What is ‘The Experience’?
  39. 39. consumption
  40. 40. W ro yu o n r pir ok n or w o in as . Y u ae m u sow e o n s o hv 5 int t r d w a e it M N ida a p s l A Y es s os e ib . T is a r t h is g a eo p r nyoue pot itt s ut r er d nh e a h oe e s c hw ow o d e wt f s a hil ? c m in ls cs a. Y u hu d t o a iee f o sol o h n p c o d is W wl e sa ida ad e ilhn hr es n t e le pprn t wle e ind ae ad h il ky is b s aida f m t r t l esr oh s e o e. f yu r is n oe ad h o ore io nt n t r v s e nx s e etl id
  41. 41. Exhibition - discussion points W y r p pon a s o n h a o cr se d w? e l
  42. 42. distribution
  43. 43. What is a distribution company? Po utn o pn rdc cmay io D t u n o pn isibt cmay r io D t u n o pn isibt cmay r io D t u n o pn isibt cmay r io What are the differences between the two?
  44. 44. A distribution company:• A qirsh rh t ail cu e te igt o f s m• D c e t nme o pin t b md ad e a d o xib os eidsh u br fr t o e ae n rl s t eh itr e s ee• N gtt a e a dt f t pin eoia s rl s a o h r t e ee e r e s• A r gs e ey fr tt c e a r ne dl r o pinso inms a iv• Poidsr es n pb it f mt iaf eh itr rv e t il ad ul yo a rl r xib os ar ic r e o• Pttgt r pca o avr in t pb lavr e f usoe e a akg fdet go ul y det ail h e is ic is m• N gtt rle po oio s n / mr ad in da. eoia s e t rm t n ad o ec nis g el e ad r h s
  45. 45. Distribution - points for reflection• W y o ’tmlr rdc n o pn s ad d t u n h d n s ae po ut cmaie hnl is ibt ? l io e r io• W y a a o d o lg ( r oh d t u r ae r ra ail in em o h cn go ( ra e o b t) is ibt mk o bek f r r o m t sfrscesucs?• W y o ay rdc n o pn s ok it m r t n n d t u r( h k h d mn po ut cmaie wr wh oe h o e is ibt ?T in io a r og bll a. o )• W o is ibt W rin T l f sH w ae hy a a eet n h sces h d t ue ok g it’sil ? o hv te hd n fco te ucs r s e m foW ? f T
  46. 46. Revisit this task from 2 weeks ago:• T is f ro n o a t ptoe e a o yu ko l g ad nes nin h aen o yu r o u tgt r l fo r n w de n udr ad g t e h l e tf m il S d sh hl emr Fm t ie tis a t . o u fr• W rin iniv ul, c a a ia a t so t rlio sip e en uiecs ok g d iday r t d g m o h w h e t nh bt e ad ne l ee r e a wad h f inut . Icn ae n f yuik, bto msa t inl e s n teil ds y ta t ayo o le u yu utim o c d a m r k r umn f tr a p s ltacnr ue ote e t nh . Y u h u b f uin aya os s os e hto t t t h rlio sip o so l eo s g c ib ib a d co h w h po ues ok oa e p t inune h ad ne owt te n o te rdcr wr t t mto fec te uiec t a h hir t l cf sil . m
  47. 47. Ea p xmle Mt d o e os f h cnu p n osmt io A vr in de isg tCe ad r n w F aa il s m atr c s o po ut rdc Tps f ye o Mr ad e e hnis c fil m
  48. 48. Ie ie s nr w tv Ps r ot s e Ta r re ils A vr in de isg tCrew F a a rdc il s po ut m Mr ad e e hnis c andactors Mt d o e os f h cnu p n osmt io
  49. 49. • 10 key points foreach question.• We’llworkthrough question1 as class.• Youwill workthrough question2 on your own.• USE YOURNOTES!

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