WELCOME TO A JOURNAL DISSECTION P R E S E N TAT I O N B Y: YA N D R E S A . L A OENGLISH STUDY PROGRAMFAC U LT Y O F T E A C H E R T R AI N I N G A N D E D U C AT I O N A L S C I E N C E S SAN PEDRO UNIVERSITY YANDRES LAO 2013
THE EFFECTS OF AGE AND MOTIVATION FACTORS ON SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION ON THE JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCINENCE, F I R AT U N I V E R S I T Y - T U R K E Y ELAZIĞ-2001WRITTEN BY.Mehmet Nuri GÖMLEKSĠZYrd.Doç.Dr. FıratÜniversitesi, EğitimFakültesi, Eğitim BilimleriBölümü, Eğitim Programları ve YANDRES LAOÖğretim A.B.D. Başkanı..
BACKGROUND TEACHING LANGUAGE AFFECTEDBY THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE PROCESS OF LEARNING ANDAFFECT THE RESULT OF TEACHING AIM TO HAVE GOOD UNDERSTANDING AND GOOD METHOD EMPLEMENTATION IN TEACHING L2 YANDRES LAO
JOURNAL STRUCTURE 1.What is Second Language Acquisition? 2.The Effect of Age on L2 Acquisition3.The Effect of Motivation on L2 Acquisition 4.Conclusion YANDRES LAO
JOURNAL:THE EFFECTS OF AGE AND MOTIVATION FACTORS D R E S YAN LAO ON SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
WHAT IS SECOND LANGUAGEACQUISITION Second language acquisition is concerned with the study of the way in which an individual becomes able to use one or more language different from his first language. YANDRES LAO
THE EFFECT OF AGE ON SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION V. P. COLLIER: successful language acquisition depends on the learner’s age E. LENNEBERG: there is a certain period in acquisition of a second language the large majority of adults retain their accent when thesecond language is acquired after puberty, whereas children initiating second language acquisition before puberty have little or no foreign accent. YANDRES LAO
THEORIES VS STUDIES A. FATHMAN (1975) THEORIES OF SOME LINGUISTS such as.V. P. COLLIER, L. WILLIAMS (1979) P. COOPER, G. CROOKES, C. DAVIES,E. LENNEBERG S. M. ERWIN-TRIPP (1974) YANDRES LAO
CONCLUSION ON THE EFFECT OF AGE ON SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Based on the Oral Language Skills Acquisition older children acquire faster than younger children Puberty Age Period (11-15 y.o) younger students hadretained more accent-free pronunciation whencompared to adolescents just past puberty Students in Critical Age Period YANDRES LAO (6-10 y.o)
THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATION ON SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION MOTIVATION: IMPORTANT ASPECT ON L2 THEORIES OF LEARNING SOME A KEY FACTOR ON LINGUISTS L2 LEARNING Mehmet Nuri PROCESS such as. GÖMLEKSİZ P. SKEHAN, MOTIVATION IS IAN REECE, CHOICE, ENGAGEM ENT ANDLEE SHULMAN, PERSISTENCE, AS P. TREMBLAY, DETERMINED BY INTEREST, RELEVA NCE, EXPECTANCY AND OUTCOME YANDRES LAO
BASICALLY MOTIVATION COMES FROM WITHIN (HUMAN INSIDE) YANDRES LAO
TREMBLAY’S DIAGRAM OTHERINTEGRATIVENESS FACTORS LANGUAGE MOTIVATION ACHIEVEMENTATTITUDES TOWARD THE LEARNING SITUATION LANGUAGE APTITUDEMotivation depends on the social interaction between the teacher and the learner YANDRES LAO
TEACHER’S ROLE CONCERNING THE MOTIVATION Skinner: Emphasizes not only on the stimulation by the teacher to the students/ Respondents, but also a conscious stimulation which influencedAby the YANDRES L O result
Class, who wants to tell his last holiday’s experience? He’ll be rewarded !!! The teacher (of English) C. Davies, (1996) must create opportunities In learning how to within the classroom use a language situation, which enableeffectively, students students to think through must be actively language and to express their learning through the engaged in using language modes of language speaking, listening, reading and writing L A O YANDRES
The success in second language acquisitiondepends on many factors. Age and motivationfactors are among the most important ones. Instudies, it has been found that if a learner has a competency in his or her own language, he or she is more advantageous than those who have not completed his first language. As to motivation, it has been found that motivated students are more successful in second language acquisition second language acquisition than those who are not motivated YANDRES LAO
JOURNAL BIBLIOGRAPHYCollier, V. P. (1988). The Effect of Age on Acquisition of a Second Language for School. New Focus. The National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education. No: 2, Winter: 1987-1988.Cooper, P. & McIntyre D. (1998). Effective Teaching and Learning. Teachers’ and Students’ Perspectives. Open University Press. Great Britain: Biddles Limited, Guildford and King’s Lynn.Crookes, G. & Schmidt, R. (1991). Motivation: Reopening the Research Agenda. Language Learning 41: 469-512.Davies, C. (1996). What is English Teaching? English, Language, and Education Series. Open University Press. Great Britain: Biddles Ltd, Guildford and Kings Lynn.Dörnyei Z. (1994). Motivation and Motivating in the Foreign Language Classroom, The Modern Language Journal, 78: 273-284.Ervin-Tripp, S. M. (1974). Is Second Language Learning Like the First? TESOL Quarterly, 8, 111-127. (NCBE Abstract).Fathman, A. (1975). The Relationship Between Age and Second Language Productive Ability, Language Learning. 21, 245-253.Gardner, R.C., & MacIntyre, P.D. (1991). An Instrumental Motivation in Language Study: Who says it isnt effective? Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 13, 57-72.Gardner, R.C., Lalonde, R.N., and Moorcroft, R. (1985). The Role of Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning: Correlational and Experimental Considerations. Language Learning, 35, 207-227.Krashen, S. (1982). Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Pergamon Press.Krashen, S. (1985). The Input Hypothesis: Issues and Implications. New York: Longman.Kristmanson, P. (2000). Affect in the Second Language Classroom: How to Create an Emotional Climate. Reflexions May//mai 2000 Vol. 19 No. 2Lenneberg, E. (1976). Biological Foundations of Language. New York: John Wiley and Sons.McLaughlin, B. (1984). Second Language Acquisition in Childhood. Vol. 1. Preschool Children.(2nd edition). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Oxford, R. & Shearin, J. (1994). Language Learning Motivation: Expanding the Theoretical Framework. The Modern Language Journal 78: 12-28.Reece, I & Walker, S. (1997). Teaching, Training and Learning. A Practical Guide. (Third Ed.). Great Britain: Business Education Publishers Limited.Shulman, L. (1986). Paradigms and Research Programmes in the Study of Teaching’. In M. Wittrock (ed.). Handbook of Research on Teaching, London: Mcmillan.Skehan, P. (1991). Individual Differences in Second Language Learning. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 13: 275-298.223 F.Ü.Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 2001 11 (2)Tremblay P & R Gardner, R. (1995). Expanding the Motivation Construct in Language Learning. The Modern Language Journal . 79: 505-520.Williams, L. (1979). The Modification of Speech Perception and Production in Second Language Learning. Perception and Psychophysics, 26 (2), 95-105. YANDRES LAOYiğiter, K. (1988).Günümüzde Yabancı Dil. Ondokuz Mayıs Üniv. Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. Sayı: 3, 11-13.