All Information about Breast Biopsy


Published on

For more information about anal fistula, breast biopsy, stapedectomy, otoscopy, pap smear, video of surgery, online doctors, atest medical news, medical videos in

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

All Information about Breast Biopsy

  1. 1. All Information about Breast Biopsy 1
  2. 2. IndexS.No Title Pg. No 1 Breast Biopsy - An Introduction 3 2 All Information about Breast Biopsy 4 3 Breast Biopsy – What you must know 4 4 Awareness about Breast Biopsy 5 2
  3. 3. Breast Biopsy - An IntroductionMedical examinations are a part of a healthy living. This is because, a healthy individual not only eats andlives healthy, but also takes care of his body and under goes routine check-ups to monitor the health ofvarious parts of the body. The breast biopsy is one such test which helps the healthcare experts tounderstand anomalies or abnormalities in the breasts.This is a less complicated procedure where some tissues form the breast a collected by creating an incision.These tissues are then studied under the microscope to check for probable medical problems.Many a times, the doctor may recommend a breast biopsy in the following circumstances: • lumps in the breast • Skin near the breast becoming coarse • The nipples exuding liquid • Pain in the chest • Swelling in the chest areaBesides these few reasons, breast tissues may be checked to determine the presence or absence of cancers.Most often, the main reason for a biopsy to be done is to eliminate growth of cancerous tumors or lesionsonce they are discovered in the body. Nevertheless, there is nothing to be worried about as an earlydetection helps the patient to explore various effective treatment options. In most cases, almost 80 percentof the women who get the test done do not have a cancer while on the other hand another benefit is thatearly cancers can be cured and treated in a way that they are not recurring. There are various methods for the procedure to be carried out but there are only two main principles on which it is based: either Excisional or Incisional in nature. In an Excisonal biopsy the entire suspected area is separated from the body and no remnants are present. In an Incisional biopsy only a part or sample of tissue is removed from the breast and examined in the laboratory. In this type of examination, the basic network and arrangement of tissues remains the unchanged. Generally, the equipment used is medical needle which pierces into the skin of the mammary gland and removes a part of the abnormal tissue, lesion, lump or liquid. Recovery time for a patient who has undergone a breast biopsy is brief and very soon the individual can return to routine life activities. If the reports are negative forcancer and smoother abnormality is seen, the physician will administer appropriate medication andtreatment. If the report is positive for breast cancer, then the patient may need to undergo regularchemotherapy and cancer treatment procedures. Returning to regular life may be delayed in this case, butone must participate willingly and fearlessly because with new age technology and treatments, curing acancer is certainly possible. 3
  4. 4. All Information about BreastBiopsyBreast biopsy is the testing of the breast tissues tocheck for cancerous cells. When a woman getsabnormal mammogram results or has suspicionsabout a lump in the breast, breast biopsy is the bestalternative. The biopsy procedure includes theremoval of a small amount of breast tissue fortesting whether the cells are cancerous or non-cancerous, in case if a tumor is found - is it benign(which doe not spread and is treatable) or is itmalignant (tumor spreads to other part of the body)and if there is a malignant tumor, the scope is to bechecked - whether the tumor has spread to otherparts of the body.With advancing technology joining hands with themedical field, breast cancer screening is getting easier and safer by the day. Traditional breast biopsy is asurgically invasive procedure and there may be risk of scarring. Breast biopsies are basically done to checkthe possibility for breast cancer. This method of breast cancer screening is slowly being replaced by newermethods.A new technique for precise and comfortable scanning for breast cancer is the PET – positron emissiontomography. This instrument solely dedicated to breast cancer screening has the benefits of comfort,accuracy and less cost relatively. The device can be used to screen for preliminary breast cancer as well asto track following treatment for breast cancer.Breast biopsies can be minimally invasive or they can be open surgical breast biopsies. But there has to bea limit to the number of open breast biopsies. Roughly 1 in every 3 suspicious breast lesions is biopsiedwith open surgery, but only 5% to 10% of such breast lesions initially need this highly invasive procedure –open biopsy is incredibly over utilized.But the trend id now changing with minimally invasive breast biopsies are increasing. Its advantages areless scarring, reduced costs, and less morbidity. This rate also depends on the people’s awareness aboutsuch techniques and their choice. Patients are responsible for the choice of an open surgical biopsy and theystep in with pre-conceived notions which are the duty of the physician to remove and educate the patientsabout newer and safer techniques. The more invasive procedure is more accurate than minimally invasivebreast biopsies, but only slightly. A recent meta-analysis comparing the 2 approaches concluded that"stereotactic- and ultrasonography-guided core-needle breast biopsy procedures seem to be almost asaccurate as open surgical biopsy, with lower complication rates.One should be aware about the newer medical techniques to have an aware, safe and healthy life.Breast Biopsy - What you must knowThe Breast Biopsy is the procedure where breast tissue is collected to check for cancers or other diseases.The procedure is done, when abnormalities are seen in the breast or when the woman experiencesdiscomfort or other medical problems.Basically, the procedure is done to examine any abnormal or suspicious growth in the mammary glands ofthe body. When a lump is seen in the chest, the tissues are collected by suction trough a needle or through a 4
  5. 5. surgical incision. The pathologist will then examine the sample and identify it as either benign ormalignant. A benign tumor or group of cells is non-cancerous whereas, a malignant tissue is cancerous andmust be treated immediately. Treatment for malignant tumors employs conventional cancer-treatmentmethodologies.Generally, women themselvesidentify the first stage of breastcancers or tumors, when they dooccur. The abnormal mass of cellscan be felt by the individual andmost often, is also visible to thenamed eye. When the individual istaken for the Breast Biopsyprocedure, the physician may carryit out in the operating room or eventhe outpatient facility. Anotherwise healthy individual maybe sent home soon after theprocedure and may not need to behospitalized.Besides the presence of an anomalous lesion in the breasts, there are also other symptoms which must bereported to the physician: • A sudden bulge in the arm-pit or near the collarbone could possibly be a dispersal of cancerous cells. • The breast skin turning red or causing irritation must be reported. • The appearance of dimples or scales on the mammary organ is a cause for concern. • Swelling of the skin around the chest is also not normal • Discharge of milk, itching or retraction of the nipple may indicate a health issue. • Sometimes the size of the right and left breast may begin to change. The shape may change as well. Such changes must be discussed with you health care expert without any inhibitions. • If the woman has been experiencing pain in her chest, it should not be ignored. Breast-ache could be for various reasons and talking to your doctor about the same will certainly help treatment.However, even though it is important to remember and report these symptoms, it is also important tounderstand that all abnormalities do not indicate cancers. One has to wait for the breast biopsy results toconfirm any medical condition is. Watch medical videos, read about medical conditions, symptoms ofdiseases and treatment - stay informed, not afraid.Awareness about Breast BiopsyIt is a myth that breast biopsy is a screening test for breast cancer! Doctors online have clearly mentionedthat breast biopsy is an examination done to detect any kind of disorder and not only breast cancer.Breast self-examination is a healthy practice which must be developed by all women. Only during self-examination, one can realize about any abnormalities like change in appearance or unusual nipple dischargeor lumps can be felt in the breast. Lumps in the armpit area, nipple retraction or inversion, red or scalybreast skin, nipple itching and breast pain can also lead to suspicion and in this case, breast biopsy becomesvery important. The doctors can confirm the presence of a lump by palpation or imaging studies likeultrasound or MRI or even mammography. Once confirmed, the patient is suggested to undergo a breastbiopsy. 5
  6. 6. The first question of a layman would be – what is a biopsy? A biopsy is a procedure where sample cells or tissues are taken from the suspicious areas and checked under a microscope. A biopsy could be done for any part of the body. The breast biopsy procedure includes the same technique. This procedure can be invasive or non-invasive i.e. surgical or non-surgical, but the objective is to collect sample tissues from the suspicious lump or the whole lump is taken out, which is known as lumpectomy. Surgical biopsy requires incision on the skin while non-surgical procedures include techniques like vacuum assisted biopsy, breast needle biopsy or fine needle aspiration biopsy.A breast biopsy is mostly done clinically or in a hospital, based on the size of the growth to be inspected.Breast biopsies are done to rule out the possibility of cancer or confirm its stage, metastasis on other organsand association of many lymph nodes which can speed up the spread of cancer cells.The core needle and fine needle aspiration biopsy use needles to collect tissues but the type of needlediffers. The core needle biopsy is thicker and hollow. In the vacuum aided biopsy, a probe is inserted,guided by MRI or ultrasound, and vacuum is used to extract the tissues. A local anesthesia may be used ifany is needed. It is mostly a painless procedure and the risks or complications are minimal. Little pain ordiscomfort may be overcome with OTC products.Breast cancer is the third most common type of cancer in women worldwide and is the leading cause ofdeath with grossly million death cases annually. Awareness and knowledge about the topic can help inearly detection and prevention of breast cancer. Breast biopsies, therefore, play an important role in womenhealthcare. 6
  7. 7. Reference:Breast biopsy - 7
  8. 8. Thank you 8