10 Major Information’s of Health Disease and Treatments


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Microscopy examination, Pelvic Exam, Vasectomy reversal, Female Exam Video, Appendicectomy, Caesarean Section, chlamydia trachomatis, Epilepsy symptoms, MRI Scan,and Otoscopy. Find out more inforrmation about medical videos, top Medical Products, doctors online, Healthcare Experts, top medical news, online medical news, online medical videos visit our (http://docturs.com/dd/) website.

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10 Major Information’s of Health Disease and Treatments

  1. 1. 10 Major Information’s of Health Disease and Treatments
  2. 2. IndexS.No Title 1 Microscopy and Culture – Breeding and Testing Microorganisms 2 Preparing yourself for a Pelvic Exam 3 An Introduction to Vasectomy and Vasectomy Reversal 4 Understanding Female Pelvic Examination 5 Appendicectomy - Surgical Procedure for Appendix Removal 6 Caesarean Section - Unnatural Birth 7 The Pink Eye Infection by Chlamydia Bacterium 8 Epilepsy – An Unappealing Handicap 9 MRI Scan – The new radiology technique 10 OTOSCOPY – The H‘ear’ing Problem
  3. 3. Microscopy and Culture - Breeding and Testing MicroorganismsFor those who do not have even the slightest idea about microscopy and culture, itsbackground is that, it may be necessary to grow tissue samples and body fluids in the labto determine the cause of an infection to identify and examine the fungal and bacterialinfections. By the usage of microscopy, it becomes possible to identify and analyze themicro-organisms to diagnose the disease.The basic usage of microscopy and culture is the microorganisms causing sickness arecategorized into virus, bacteria, Chlamydia and other groups like eggs and larvae fromdifferent parasites and protozoa. The culture is the bacteria raised in the lab and it is thestandard way to identify the bacteria by comparing it to the purified and non-contaminated group. Just like bacteria, fungi can also be raised and purified. Microscopycan be done even on worms, eggs, larvae and protozoans as they are clearly visible andeasily identifiable. But viruses and Chlamydia are difficult to analyze and advanced labtests and some are so difficult to raise/ culture, that it becomes necessary to take a bloodtest for antibodies against the micro-organism.The bacterial culture is basically harmless as those existing on the body’s exteriorsurfaces do not cause any threat and some of them even contribute to the healthyfunctioning of the body and keep away harmful bacteria. If a bacteria infection issuspected, a sample is taken from supposedly infected place. Stool microscopy andculture is done if the intestine is suspected to be infected. In the same way, urinemicroscopy is done if the bladder or kidneys are suspected to be infected and sputum
  4. 4. microscopy and culture is done to check if the lungs are infected. The samples are sent tothe microbiology test to be raised/cultured for the culture test. The different ways to growa culture in the lab, by taking samples from mouth, saliva, blood, skin, wounds, throat,outer ear canal and other areas of the body.Urine microscopy and culture is a unique test to find and identify the bacteria causing aurinary tract infection. The urine in the bladder is generally sterile, not containing anyorganisms or bacteria. The urinalysis is a kind of kidney test wherein the urine sample ismicroscopically examined for pus cells and blood cells. Protein may be detected in caseof kidney disease or damage. A culture is made, especially to look for infection and theantibody or antibiotic for its eradication. One may find many medical videos on theinternet showing the process of microscopy and culture.Preparing yourself for a Pelvic ExamA pelvic exam is a procedure where in the female pelvic area – including the genitals andthe anus – are examined. This may be a part of a routine medical check-up or it may becarried out to deduce abnormalities. The procedure is important and most medicalprofessionals advise a sexually active girl or a girl above the age of 21 years to annuallyget a pelvic examination done. The process is simple and seldom painful. But, if you havewatched the pelvic examination videos online before getting tested, then it is quiteprobable that you may cringe or feel uncomfortable.Contrary to how the procedure may look, the test is simple and will be completed in just afew minutes.Here are some points that you can keep in mind before you go for your pelvic exam test:
  5. 5. Be aware of your menstrual cycle dates and avoid scheduling the exam on the same dateas this may hinder your results. Nevertheless, unseal vaginal discharge must be checkedand in that case, the inspection can be carried out while you are menstruating.Try not to use tampons and avoid sprays or medications for the vaginal area for at leastabout a day before your appointment.For at least a day or two before the schedule, do not indulge in intercourse because thepresence of semen in your fluids can also tamper your results. You may use the bathroomand clear your bladder before being tested, so that you to feel better.Only these elementary preparations are required. The examination is carried out to ensurethat there are no primary cancers or other possible medical problems. Alternatively, thepatient may be examined to detect and treat the causes for discomforts. The pelvis isexternally viewed, following which a slender instrument is inserted into the body throughthe vagina. The doctor will also perform a manual testing by inserting gloved fingers intothe vaginal or anal opening. The entire procedure will take a maximum of 15 minutes.Last but not the least, you must feel at ease. Talk to your healthcare professional franklyand clear all your doubts if any. If you are facing problems like redness or sores near thevaginal, pain, discharge, unusual odor or anything else that you suspect; bring it to yourgynecologist’s attention immediately. Even if it is a personal or private question, feel freeto talk and learn about your body, medical products, ailments and precautions (andperhaps even those pelvic exam videos that made you apprehensive!) - Because only anaware being can live a healthy life. It is your right to know about your body; make themost of it.An Introduction to Vasectomy and Vasectomy ReversalVasectomy reversal is often considered when a man wishes to father a child. With theadvancement of technology, fortunately this is now possible. We are presented withvarious medical options and we have the choice to make a decision.When Vasectomy was first practiced, it was believed to be irreversible. In the procedurethe vas deferens from both the testicles are sealed. Due to the sealing or closure, spermsare not aloud to pass into the semen at the time of ejaculation. This only means that, allsexual activity will remain normal except that the woman will not get pregnant. Since thesemen ejaculated by the male genital will not contain sperms, the fertilization of thefemale egg during intercourse is not possible. If birth control is specific concern, thenvasectomy is a one time solution to any man.However, vasectomy reversal is also possible and is a relatively successful process.Complications are rare. Microsurgical techniques are used by the medical practitioner andthe vasa deferentia are re-connected, forming the passageway for the semen. Sterility is,therefore, reversed.
  6. 6. The success rate and fertility rate for men who have undergone the reversal procedure issteadily improving. The ability of the urological surgeon to perform the operation andcreate the connection of the tubes also affects the final result of the surgery. Once thesurgery is completed, in a normal condition, the sperms will begin to enter the semen.This method is called Vasovasostomy and it is the common method of treatment. Anothermethod called the Vasoepididymostomy is used when there is a blockage in ductusdeferens. In this case, the ductus deferentes are connected directly to the epididymis. Thesperms are directly available for ejaculation. However, Vasoepididymostomy is fairlycomplicated while Vasovasostomy is a more common method and widely used.Vasectomy reversal is a procedure that requires many hours of micro-surgery and the costfor which may range anywhere from $5,500 to $15,000. Most medical policies cover thevasectomy procedure but not the reversal. Nevertheless, recovery is normal. In about amonth you may recover and resume normal sexual activity. Also, many men whoundergo this birth control procedure often want to change their mind. So, don’t worry.You are not alone. Incase of doubts, ask your healthcare expert or alternatively approachauthentic doctors online. Discuss the subject at length even with your partner and keepno inhibitions. A healthy living is a happy living.Understanding Female Pelvic ExaminationToday, female disorders are on a rise with the change in lifestyle. Changing climate,coping with stress and anxiety and balancing work and career take a toll on women andneglecting health leads to different disorders.Many disorders like pelvic inflammation or cervical motion tenderness need tests andexaminations to reach to a conclusion. This test is generally the pelvic examination test.
  7. 7. Female pelvic examination test is mainly done in case of palpation of adnexal structures,vaginal swabs, Pap smear test or cervical swabs.The pelvic exam is the physical examination of the female pelvic organs which can becategorized into internal and external examination. It is also known as manual uterinepalpation or bimanual exam.The external examination includes palpation of stomach area, skin lesion andexamination of the anatomy; while the internal examination includes checking for foreignbodies and use of speculum to locate external cervical os. Though the procedure is notvery painful, the Pap test may cause cramping and the palpating of ovaries during thebimanual exam can be painful. Women with vaginal infection feel pain when thespeculum is inserted.Some researches state that women should have a pelvic examination when pregnancy issuspected or proven, when they have been exposed to sexually transmitted infections orhave vaginal complaints like itching, discharge, pain or abnormal bleeding.Before the examination, the patients are asked about the number of sexual partners andtheir sexual orientation. An equipment list is prepared and women are also asked abouttheir prior discomfort. The patient is also offered the opportunity to have a chaperone inthe room during the examination. The patient is asked to urinate prior to the exambecause a full bladder may compress the vaginal canal and obstruct the view of thecervix. The female exam videos give a clear view of the entire vulva, perineal area,vaginal canal, and Bartholin glands. Abnormal growth or rashes, lesions, swelling, andtrauma, as well as areas of irritation, discomfort, or pain are looked out for. The medical
  8. 8. video also informs about vulvar dermatitis, ulceration, sclerosis, condyloma or vaginalvaricosities.It is a rule in US and UK to obtain the patient’s consent for pelvic exam in advance as thepractice of performing pelvic examination on unconscious women has now beenforbidden. The subjects were not even informed about the occurrence of the examination.However, the students may learn and understand the details of female pelvic exam withthe help of medical videos. The trainee doctors did it for educational purposes on patientsundergoing surgery for unrelated causes and this practice still continues in Canada.Appendicectomy - Surgical Procedure for Appendix RemovalAppendicectomy is the medical name for the surgical procedure to remove the appendix.It may also be called by various names like appendectomy or appendix surgery or surgeryfor appendicitis.The appendix is located on the lower right of the abdomen, an out-pouching of the boweland it has no practical use in the human body. When the appendix gets swollen andcauses pain, its ignorance may lead to its burst inside the body, resulting in seriousinfections and illness and can prove to be life-threatening. Sometimes the appendix scarsup from past infections and causes recurring pain. When patients have such symptomsand it is doubtful, it is better to remove the appendix than to leave a diseased appendixinside the body. However, there are also cases when the appendix is found to be normalwhen it is removed.The appendix surgery is generally carried out in emergency to treat the inflamedappendix known as appendicitis. The cause for appendicitis may vary like insertion of aforeign object, bowel adhesion, and hard mass of feces causing inflammation, blockageand infection or swelling of the lymphatic tissue due to viral infection. The commonappendix symptoms are vomiting, constipation, nausea and pain. The pain initiates in the
  9. 9. central abdomen and moves towards the right abdomen. Some of these symptoms may beabsent and the diagnosis is made on the basis on investigation of the abdominal cavity.The surgery procedure can be laparoscopic or open appendicectomy. The open surgeryincludes making an incision through the skin and the abdominal wall to access theappendix. Laparoscopic appendectomy involves making 3 small incisions through whichthe instruments are inserted and carbon dioxide gas is distended in the abdominal cavityto separate the organs from the abdominal wall. A laparoscopic surgery may be convertedinto an open surgery if the appendix is ruptured. After the appendix is accessed, the bloodvessels attached to it are clamped and the organ is removed. The laparoscopicappendectomy involves small keyhole incisions to remove the appendix.The possible complications in the appendix surgery can be of appendicitis infection.Those with a ruptured appendix develop abscess (ball of pus) in the abdominal cavitywhich has to be drained out surgically after the surgery for appendicitis. The abdominalcavity has to be disinfected and a nasogastric tube may be inserted in the stomach andintravenous fluids shall be administered in the veins through the arms. Another commonkind of infection is from the wound.One can know the process in detail through the video of the surgery which is available onthe internet. Also articles by healthcare experts and news updates can help one knowmore about appendectomy.Caesarean Section - Unnatural BirthThe top medical news for the caesarean section or C-section as it is called is that theBrazilian researchers have found the babies born through this procedure are more proneto obesity in their life later. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition says that the birthcanal has beneficial bacteria which when babies are not exposed to, they might takelonger to accumulate good bugs, which affect the metabolism. Obese adults tend to havefewer of these friendly bacteria in their digestive tract than normal-weight people.The other big medical news is that caesarean sections are on a rise which is not a goodsign. With increasing number of C-sections worldwide, it is now misused as a revenuestream rather then a functional option. The rate of C-section surgery tops nearly than 33%of all births in USA. 10 to 20% of the maternity units in UK deliver by C-section. Thismay also be a result of the relative safety offered by this procedure.Though vaginal delivery is the course of nature, sometimes, in serious and life-threatening conditions either for the child or mother, it is better to have a caesareandelivery. The doctors go through multiple layers to access the baby. A combination ofblunt dissection and sharp instruments is used. A machine is also used to burn smallblood vessels to prevent bleeding. After reaching the uterus, the amniotic fluid issuctioned to make more space in the uterus for the surgical instruments like a vacuumextractor or forceps. The baby is usually engaged in the pelvis with head down but rearfirst or breech. The part which first enters the pelvis is lifted by the doctors. The mother
  10. 10. may feel nauseated and pressurized during this intense moment. Generally during vaginalbirth, fluids from the baby’s nose and mouth are squeezed in labor itself, but in C-section,they have to be suctioned and extra is required if meconium is present. After the baby hasbeen well suctioned, the rest of the body is born and the umbilical cord entanglementcomplications are resolved. The upper part of the abdomen is also pressed to assist thebirth. After the birth, the neonatologist puts the baby by the warmer and suctions again toensure the cleaning of the amniotic fluid.The mother is now operated upon for the repair of the uterus and the layers cut during thesurgery. The placenta is removed and examined by the doctor and the whole surgerytakes about a quarter hour to complete. By this time, the baby needs to be breastfed.A caesarean section may be planned, which is called elective section and it may be donedue to complications in labor or the mother’s personal decision.The Pink Eye Infection by Chlamydia BacteriumWith Chlamydia bacterium being widespread in the United States causing STDs andpartial blindness – with its first step being conjunctivitis (pink eye or madras eye),Docturs.com spreads awareness and educates about its causes and prevention.A layman would always wonder how an eye can be a “pink eye”. But it sure is scarywhen the eye is not only pink but turns blood red with infection, better known asconjunctivitis.Conjunctivitis is deemed to be a very common eye infection its severity may also resultin blindness. Medically, it is the inflammation or swelling of the membrane which islining the eyelids, due to infection.
  11. 11. The eyelids are called conjunctiva and they are exposed to bacteria, viruses and otherirritants which are washed away by the tears. Tears can also kill the bacteria as theycontain antibodies and enzymes. The causes for pink eye may be allergies, chemicalexposure, contact lenses, fungi, bacteria, parasites.Pink eye or conjunctivitis is also caused due to Chlamydia bacterium, which is quiteuncommon in U.S but widely seen in Africa and Middle Eastern countries. Differentstrains of Chlamydia bacterium causes a group of infection, out of which, one isChlamydia trachomatis causing sexually transmitted diseases. It is the most widespreadbacterial STD in US and around 4 million people are infected each year. Chlamydiabacterium can cause pink eye in neonates and sexually active adolescents and it iscontagious. The newborns can be infected in the birth canal by the bacteria and thiscondition is known as ophthalmia neonatorum which should be immediately treated topreserve the eyesight.Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the main cause of blindness worldwide.This infection can spread from eye to eye by fingers, shared towels or clothes, sneezingand coughing and eye-seeking flies. The top medical news is that WHO has aimed fortrachoma’s global alleviation by 2020 known as GET 2020 initiative.The symptoms for pink eye may be having a “pink eye” obviously, besides, gritty feelingand itching and pain of the eye, blurred vision, increased tearing, sensitivity to light orcrusts that form on eyelid overnight and these symptoms can be treated on the basis oftheir cause. Watering of the eye may be another kind of disease called epiphora, which isexplained by Lena Budig at Docturs.Treatment of pink eye can be done by eye examination or analysis by swabbing theconjunctiva. If it is caused by allergies, allergy treatment is the way out. It may disappearwith allergen removal and cool compresses help to soothe the allergic conjunctivitis.Bacterial conjunctivitis uses antibiotic medication in the form of eye drops. Warmcompresses may also help to soothe the discomfort of viral or bacterial conjunctivitis. Re-infection can occur if preventive measures are not followed.
  12. 12. Shannon Liebovich and John Walsh at Docturs also educate and spread knowledge aboutthe conjunctivitis prevention and its management. Pictures and videos related to specificmedical topics help better understanding of the disease. Group blogs and pages havepatients suffering from the same condition mutually exchanging information for mutualwelfare. News and updates on medical topics are regular at Docturs.com and it’s animportant read if one understands that one’s health is their individual responsibility.Epilepsy – An Unappealing HandicapReality hits when researches state that Epilepsy is common in USA and the rate is higherthan believed, implying that this condition requires more attention and funding. Expertstudies highlight that one in every 26 people will suffer epilepsy once in their lifetime.Docturs.com understands the graveness of the condition and educates about epilepsycauses and cure.The history of epilepsy traces beyond 3000 years when it was the first brain disorder witha description mentioned in ancient Babylon. The term itself is derived from ‘epilepsia’meaning to seize. It was first suggested in 400 B.C by Hippocrates that epilepsy was abrain disorder and not a demon or god visit!What is epilepsy?Epilepsy is not only a brain disorder but it also risks the social stigma, posing as a socialand psychological handicap. Medically, epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterizedby seizures. These fits or convulsions are repeated and spontaneous caused byabnormally excited electrical signals in the brain.
  13. 13. Epilepsy may be a temporary condition with exposure to drugs, abnormal levels ofsodium or glucose in the blood, high fever or withdrawal from certain drugs. Permanentcondition may be caused by changes in brain tissue or permanent injury and seizures mayoccur without an immediate cause. Epilepsy can occur at any age and it either may beinherited or idiopathic. Other causes may be a stroke, traumatic brain injury, infection,congenital brain defects, kidney or liver failure, tumor or metabolic diseases.Epilepsy symptoms greatly vary on the basis of its cause and severity. Some peopleexperience strange sensations like tingling, smelling a non-existent odor or emotionalchanges before each seizure. Early seizure warning symptoms in thought may be visualloss, déjà vu or jamais vu, racing thoughts, emotional upheaval like panic and fear,physically one may experience nausea, headache, dizziness or numbness. The seizuresymptoms may be out of body experience, unconsciousness, deafness, confusion,blackout or electric shock feeling, chewing movements, incontinence, stiffening, teethclenching, twitching, tremors etc.Many tests like CSF, CBC, test for infections, kidney and liver function test, blood sugarand blood chemistry tests may be done looking for temporary and irreversible seizurecauses. The cause and location test may include EEG, Head CT or MRI scan or a lumbarpuncture.Stephen Chambers at Docturs has given a detailed list of treatments of epilepsy based onvarious causes. The group blogs containing mutual exchange of experience from thepatients suffering from the same conditions also talk about the emotional aspects of thisdisorder and the social security disability. Discussions regarding JME – juvenilemyoclonic epilepsy and the progressive phase of rare Lafora disease can also be read atDocturs. It is an inherited rare disease as it takes two recessive genes. Updated news atDocturs speaks about the compelling “art” inspired by complicated set of symptoms. Itsure is interesting! Stay tuned in Docturs to know more.MRI Scan – The new radiology techniqueThe MRI Scan always reminds us of the big machine with a hole wherein one has to passthrough, lying on a table, wondering where the noises are coming from and what ishappening to the body.The story goes as such - The ‘Indomitable’ made by a scientist and physician Dr.Raymond Damadian, with the help of some graduate students, was thought to be a failedinvention with years wasted behind it. He toiled to produce a machine that could non-invasively scan the body with the use of magnets. When volunteered by a student to be inthis contraption, the first MRI scan was performed on a human being on July 3, 1977. Ittook 5 hours to produce the image from that original machine named ‘Indomitable’. Andtoday, a few decades later, almost every one is well aware of MRI – Magnetic ResonanceImaging scanners.
  14. 14. The MRI technique is useful in examining the brain and spinal cord and the Scan mayhelp the doctors to diagnose torn ligaments, cancer, tendonitis, brain tumours, strokes,multiple sclerosis just to name a few. The MRI scan is a radiology technique usingmagnetic and radio waves, resulting in no exposure to X-rays or any other damagingforms of radiation. The image is produced by the computer and it is quite detailed, able todetect tiny changes of structures within the body. To increase the accuracy of images,some procedures use contrast agents like gadolinium.Besides its accurate results, MRI scan is also more spoken of due to its expensiveness.The cost of MRI depends on several factors like the body part to be scanned, MRI beingperformed at hospital or outpatient imaging center, need for contrast agent, the place ofthe center, local competition etc. MRIs prove to be costly and hence there are discountschemes available on full payment and installment schemes are available as well.The MRI scan cost in US is around $700-$2500 while it is the most expensive in UKaround £2000 whereas the cheapest deal is available in India which is around Rs.4000-7000 with standard medical facilities.As technology is developing by leaps and bounds, the top medical news are that, soonMRI ‘5-minute’ scan would be able to check children’s brain development. Also newresearch using MRI shows that childhood stress such as emotional neglect or abuse canlead to structural brain changes. MRI has also proved to be better than mammography forearly detection of hereditary breast cancers in the population at risk.Even though MRI scan costs are a bit on higher scale, there effectiveness and accuracy indiagnosis makes this cost worthwhile. Early diagnosis through MRI scan has savedseveral lives. After all, no cost is greater than your life!
  15. 15. OTOSCOPY – The H‘ear’ing ProblemDo you feel something vibrating when you hear a shrill sound or do your ear drums humafter a drum roll? You need Otoscopy.Otoscopy is the procedure of examination of the ear with an instrument called otoscopeor auriscope. This examination is performed to check the dark tunnel – medically, theexternal auditory canal, that leads from outer ear to the eardrum.The otoscopy can also help with the inspection of the middle ear – the space within theskull where the hearing and balance mechanisms are situated.The instrument called otoscope has a the handle, which contains the power for the lightsource, its head contains the light bulb and magnifying lens and the cone, which isinserted into the ear canal.Otoscopy may be done when there is a complaint of ear pain. The first check up is doneof the outer ear where symptoms of disease like redness and swelling are checked. Afterthe inspection of the outer ear, the “tunnel” or external auditory canal is examined. Theeardrum is located in the canal and the natural curve of the canal has a resonancefrequency of approx. 3400 Hz, which is an important frequency region for understandingspeech.Abnormal findings from an otoscopy may include a dry, flaky lining implying eczemawith symptoms of itching. It may also be an inflamed and swollen, narrowed canal,possibly with pus indicating infection (otitis externa). The usual symptoms include itch,discomfort, pus and often an pungent smell from the ear. Generally, it may be waxobscuring the eardrum or something in the ear, such as the rubber from the end of apencil. Other abnormal findings seen with the otoscope include a hole (perforation) in theeardrum or an acute infection of the middle ear (acute otitis media), in which the eardrum
  16. 16. will burst, allowing the pressure (and the pain) to reduce. Then one can often see the tearin the drum which can be healed.The eardrum is pinkish-grey in colour and circular in shape. The otoscopes have a smallair vent connection through which air can be blown in the ear canal and the doctor canassess the air pressure at which the eardrum moves, which varies depending on thepressure within the middle ear. This technique is called insufflation.Air gets to the middle ear through a short tube, called the Eustachian tube and blockageof the Eustachian tube is a common finding in conditions such as a cold, hay fever or, inchildren glue ear.A doctor can get some idea of whether the Eustachian tube is blocked by asking one togently blow out while pinching your nose and closing your lips. This is called Valsalvasmaneuver, and the normal finding is that the eardrum moves slightly during it. When theEustachian tube is blocked, the eardrum remains still. One can try this at home or look forsuggestions on the online medical videos.The new technology helps in the field of Otoscopy with Video Otoscopy (VO). Itcontinues to gain acceptance as an integral component of hearing health care practicetoday. The technologically advanced video-optical technique has applications in theexamination, display and documentation of the external ear canal and tympanicmembrane. VO is a simple, compact unit incorporating a rod otoscope with a fiber-opticillumination, and a high-resolution color video camera capable of recording a patients earcanal.Otoscopy is a sure way of h‘ear’ing it right!
  17. 17. Reference:Microscopy examination: -http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/13284/microscopy-and-culture/Pelvic Exam: - http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/2369/pelvic-examination/Vasectomy reversal: - http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/11384/vasectomy-reversal/Female Exam Video: - http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/2369/pelvic-examination/Appendicectomy: - http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/11216/appendicectomy/Caesarean Section: - http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/11190/caesarean-section/chlamydia trachomatis: -http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/16170/chlamydia/Epilepsy symptoms: - http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/17091/epilepsy/MRI Scan: - http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/2517/mri-scan-magnetic-resonance-imaging-scan/Otoscopy:- http://docturs.com/dd/pg/groups/2512/otoscopy/medical videos, top Medical Products, doctors online, Healthcare Experts, top medicalnews, online medical news, online medical videos : - http://docturs.com/dd/
  18. 18. Thank you