The greener facility

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The greener facility

  1. 1. The Greener Facility:Going Beyond LEED Thursday, October 27, 2011
  2. 2. Matt Welander, Theatre Projects ConsultantsKatie Oman, LEED AP, Fisher-Dachs AssociatesJohn Shorb, LEED AP, AIA, Opsis ArchitectureDenis Blount, ARUP
  3. 3. The Greener FacilityWhat’s LEED got to do with it?
  4. 4. LEED, follow, or …
  5. 5. Pros and cons of LEED
  6. 6. LEED Brain
  7. 7. The bike rack argument
  8. 8. Greenwashing
  9. 9. LEED and theaters
  10. 10. Do we really need a LEED rating?
  11. 11. LEED EBOM Existing Buildings: Operations & MaintenanceThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  12. 12. LEED EBOM Sustainable Sites Water Efficiency Energy and Atmosphere Materials and Resources Indoor Environmental Quality Innovation in Operations Regional Priority
  13. 13. LEED EBOM Measurement & Reporting -Water and Energy Performance Measurement -Emissions reduction reporting -Energy sub-metering -Waste auditing Policy and Planning -Landscape, Hardscape, Pest Management plans -Purchasing and Waste Policies -Green Cleaning Policies -Alternative Commuting Policy -Planning for building upgrades & expansion Best Practices -Commissioning -Energy- and water-efficient equipement & practices -IAQ best practices -Systems control -Sustainable site management and design -Renewable Energy -People-friendly design
  14. 14. Case Study: Seattle Rep 1) Document Baseline What’s being done now? How does this affect the bottom line (to ID savings) How are we communicating to our patrons about sustainability? 2) Identify Areas for Improvement What can we do to improve? How much will it cost? What impact will it have? Can we leverage any partnerships? 3) Implement Develop Environmental Action Plan Harvest Low-hanging Fruit Report on progress
  15. 15. Image courtesy Gustafson Guthrie Nichol ltd
  16. 16. Priority: Indoor Environmental Quality
  17. 17. Case Study: Stephen Sondheim Theatre Indoor Environmental Quality • HVAC system filters out 95% of particulate matter • CO2 sensors help deliver 30% more fresh air than code requires • Paints, sealants, and adhesives are low VOC • Green Label Plus certified carpeting • Wood products are low VOC and contain no added urea- formaldehyde • All furniture is Greenguard Indoor Air Quality Certified • Strict construction procedures prevented dust and debris from entering the theatre’s ductwork systemThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  18. 18. Case Study: Stephen Sondheim Theatre Materials • Over 75% of project waste diverted from landfill • Blast furnace slag replaces 45% of cement in the structural concrete • Wood products FSC certified • Sheetrock with high recycled content and mineral fiber acoustic ceiling tile is used throughout • Lobby Carpeting is 100% wool • Seating upholstery is 100% recycled polyester, and is fully recyclable. • Drapery fabric is over 50% woolThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  19. 19. Case Study: Stephen Sondheim Theatre Water Conservation • Waterless urinals reduce potable water consumption by 1/3 • Wastewater is reused for flushing toilets Energy Efficiency • Energy Star equipment and appliances • Equipment and systems commissioningThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  20. 20. Case Study: Gerding Theatre
  21. 21. Case Study: Gerding Theatre
  22. 22. Case Study: Gerding Theatre image & info courtesy GBD ArchitectsThe Greener Facility: Beyond LEED LDI 2011
  23. 23. Case Study: Wolf Trap
  24. 24. Case Study: Wolf Trap
  25. 25. Case Study: Wolf Trap
  26. 26. Pierce College Arts and Allied Health Common Ground
  27. 27. Connection
  28. 28. Approach to Sustainability is influenced by… Client, Campus Culture, Who Program User Group Climate, Specific Site, Slope, Views,Where Response to Existing Buildings, Native Vegetation Program Requirements, Acoustics,What Air Quality, Light, Public Access Needs, Local Resources & Programs
  29. 29. Program Related Sustainability DriversArts & Allied Health Offices Natural Ventilation Lobby & Tempered Air Art Studios Theatre Displacement Vocal Recital Hall Ventilation Recording Studio Mechanical Air Practice Studio Computer Labs Classrooms Offices, Lobby Radiant Heating Project Rooms, & Cooling Art Studios
  30. 30. Classrooms Theater Allied Health Music Multi-MediaFirst Floor Plan
  31. 31. Music Study Rooms Art Studios Faculty
  32. 32. Bridging
  33. 33. Lobby
  34. 34. Natural Ventilation Modeling Step 0: Plan modeling strategy How is the building best simulated? Identify objectives Establish comfort parameters Determine acceptable levels of comfort LEED Comfort Parameters Temperature Acceptable Hours Annually 75-80 ºF 150 Hours 80-85 ºF 50 Hours >85 ºF 20 HoursArts
  35. 35. Natural Ventilation Modeling Lobby Analysis 567 600 485 445 500 400 294 Hours in Range 300 174 101 197 200 100 81 17 24 0 14 29 No Shading E façade Top Shading Sliding doors open Preliminary Sliding Doors closed Revised > 85 80-85 75-80Arts
  36. 36. Discovery
  37. 37. Theater Arts
  38. 38. Theatre
  39. 39. Music
  40. 40. Touch and Feel
  41. 41. Recital Hall
  42. 42. Reuse
  43. 43. Create
  44. 44. Green Roof
  45. 45. The AAH Building creates something greater than the sum of the individual pieces
  46. 46. Lasting outcomes…• Began “sustainable” campus identity discussion• Users played an active role in sustainability decisions• Enhanced recycling program in the City of Puyallup• Sustainable landscaping plan campus-wide at Ft. Steilacoom• Development of sustainable curriculum in conjunction with other area colleges.
  47. 47. Reed College Performing Arts Building
  48. 48. west perspective
  49. 49. WATZEK SPORTS CENTER 1 GRAY COMMONS KAUL AUDITORIUM 3 2 4 Wintergarden 4 OLD DORM BLOCKView To West Hills ANNA LEGEND 1 MANN 1. Planted Stormwater Infiltration Basin 2. Hardy Native Landscaping 3. Existing Tree Preservation 4. Covered Outdoor Plazas MACNAUGHTON 5. Solar Array 6. Green Roof FOSTER 7. Skylights
  50. 50. WATZEK SPORTS CENTER GRAY COMMONS KAUL AUDITORIUMSummer Sun Path 3 6 OLD DORM BLOCK 7 ANNA LEGEND MANN 1. Planted Stormwater Infiltration Basin 2. Hardy Native Landscaping 3. Existing Tree Preservation 4. Covered Outdoor Plazas Winter Sun Path MACNAUGHTON 5. Solar Array 6. Green Roof FOSTER 7. Skylights
  51. 51. east perspective
  52. 52. level 1
  53. 53. West Entry East EntryFrom Parking From Campus
  54. 54. LEGEND1. Extensive Green Roof2. Roof Terrace3. Automated Windows – controlled by mechanical DDC system4. Cooling Through Natural Ventilation5. Thermal Mass Regulates Temperature Swings6. Heated and Chilled Radiant Floor7. Louvers at Natural Ventilation Exhaust8. Skylights Provide Daylight Throughout Wintergarden9. Cantilevered Canopies Shade East/West Sun 8 9 view to we st hills 3 1 2 7 9 5 3 3 4 4 5 6 5
  55. 55. Daylight Analysis Daylight Factor Averages 1st Floor:  5% 2 nd Floor: 7.3% 3 rd Floor 15% SEPT 21, 9AM SEPT 21, NOON SEPT 21, 3 PM SOUTH WALL
  56. 56. studio theater
  57. 57. level 2
  58. 58. dance studio
  59. 59. Daylight AnalysisDANCE STUDIO 9.6% AVERAGE 7.4% AVERAGEJUNE 21SUMMER SOLSTICE 7.0% AVERAGECLEAR SKYRGB 7.2% AVERAGE 7.3% AVERAGE
  60. 60. blackbox theatre
  61. 61. level 3
  62. 62. music/choral rehearsal
  63. 63. LEGEND1. Daylighting2. Displacement Ventilation3. Acoustic Clouds4. Diffusive Acoustic Wood Panels5. Floating Floor 1 3 1 4 2 5
  64. 64. Going Beyond LEEDDenis Blount, Arup
  65. 65. Arup and SustainabilitySir Ove Arup founded his practice in Londonin 1946 based on a belief in ‘total design’ —the integration of the design process and theinterdependence of all the professionsinvolved, the creative nature of engineering,the value of innovation and the socialpurpose of design.Today we understand this asa commitment to sustainability.
  66. 66. `81 My Perspective
  67. 67. Technical Disciplines • Acoustics • Lighting Design • Audiovisual Design • Logistics • Bridges • Mechanical Engineering • CAD/Drafting • Plumbing and Fire Protection Engineering • Civil Engineering • Project Management • Controls • Risk • Commissioning • Security Design • Electrical Engineering • Structural Engineering • Sustainability • Environmental Engineering • Transport Planning • Façade Engineering • Theatre Planning and Design • Fire Engineering • Urban Planning • Geotechnical/Tunnel Engineering • Visualization • Information Technology82 The Arup Perspective
  68. 68. Loads per Building Type Museum Residential Windows Windows Walls Walls Infiltration Infiltration People People Lights  Lights  Equipment Equipment Ventilation Ventilation Office Lab Windows Windows Walls Walls Infiltration Infiltration People People Lights  Lights  Equipment Equipment Ventilation Ventilation83 Sustainable Design for Venues?
  69. 69. Concert for Diana: Carbon FootprintSustainable Design for Venues?
  70. 70. Additional Resources BS 8901 – Sustainable Event Management www.greentheatres.org85 Going Beyond LEED
  71. 71. Project Examples…for discussion…
  72. 72. Brooklyn College Performing Arts Center Program: Performing Arts Center Location: Brooklyn, NY Client: City University of New York (CUNY)87 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  73. 73. Theatre Rehearsal Room Theatrical lighting loads at +18’ in space Occupied zone with 80 people sitting in rafters88 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  74. 74. Theatre Rehearsal Room Design challenges: Reduce airflow by 50% Minimize ductwork size - Reduces architectural impact - Reduces cost - Minimize energy consumption Meet air velocity requirements No draft on occupants89 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  75. 75. Air Temperature/FlowSolution: downwarddeflection angle of 15° 90 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  76. 76. Air Temperature Plot Volumetric average temperature of occupied zone – 74.5 F; meets temperature criteria91 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  77. 77. Takeaways: Temperature stratification: design approach that is simultaneously practical and energy-efficient CFD as a design validation tool92 Brooklyn College PAC CFD Analysis
  78. 78. 93 Load Driven Design – ART NY
  79. 79. Case study: Load driven design Design challenges: 800 amp equipment electrical load and 400 amps for mechanical equipment allocated for performance space Equipment specification and system design to meet loads Solutions Distributed dimming LED fixtures Strand S21 Dimmer Strip Elation LED Par Zoom MM ‘Mighty Output’ LED Batten94 Load Driven Design – ART NY
  80. 80. Going Beyond LEEDDenis Blount, Arup

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