Friday, October 28, 2011
Ellen E Jones, Assistant Professor, BemidjiState UniversityPaul Brunner, Technical Director, IndianaUniversity Theatre & D...
But First….A Quick Introduction to Global          Warming                       Natural Resources Defense Council        ...
Climate     Change:  it’s reallygetting hotter      - IPCC, 2007,   www.worldclimate.com,“The Cost of Climate Change,”    ...
“Arctic ice could disappear almost completely in the latter part of the century”- IPCC, AR4
- “State of the Paper Industry,” Environmental Paper Network, 2007                                         September 16, 2...
#1 industrial consumer of fresh water on the planet #1 discharger of water pollutants #3 industrial generator of greenhous...
The fierce urgency of now•If present trends continue, the total cost of global warming will beas high as 3.6% of gross dom...
Defining our terms
What is greening?   - examining business operations and  supply chain to identify environmental       liabilities and oppo...
Supply ChainManagement: A 360º view
Getting down to specifics     www.nrdc.org/greeningadvisor
Source: California Energy Commission, 2005
ALUMINUM MANUFACTURING                            18             Source: NRDC 2006
ALUMINUM MANUFACTURING   RecycledAluminum uses93% less energy  than virgin                                              19...
•   Reduce environmental liabilities•   Potential to save money by increasing efficiencies•   Enhance brand reputation•   ...
Intro to Sustainability:A Primer for the Newly Interested  Thanks to Bob Usdin of Showman Fabricators, the  Broadway Green...
Intro to Sustainability:A Primer for the Newly Interested  TD&T published Paul’s technical article in the fall of  2009 th...
The Usual Suspects Paul Brunner – Technical Director & Head of Theatre Technology at Indiana University- Bloomington. Elle...
The DisclaimerThese are our opinions based on our experiences.Please, evaluate ideas and products on your own, to makefina...
How Big Are Your Feet?No one wants to waste energy and mindlesslyrelease toxins into the environment or produce somuch gar...
Getting StartedDo not overreach with your first Green initiatives.Create a Mission Statement for your organizationStart sm...
Getting StartedDevelop a “Green” Culture: Determine what you can control. In some cases you can make changes, in other are...
A New Reference Library Start reading books that look at ecological, safety, and industrial hygiene concerns. Protect peop...
More Great Books      LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
“Back to Theatre Basics”    Stock Scenery Principals Theatre IS a sustainable model.   Modular construction (4ft multiples...
More Great Books      LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
Assess the OperationWalk through your shops, stage, offices, and lobbyand really look at the operations. It doesn’t takelo...
Intersection of Safety and SustainabilityThis tour is a great time to assess some aspects ofthe safety of your facility as...
Remember the BasicsMove away from paper forms- use cloud computingand fill-able forms that all can share.Print on both sid...
Not for the Faint of HeartEveryone knows to recycle programs. Some theatreshave gone to a video program in the lobby.Can t...
The Not So Scary Ideas…Only print one full set of drawings and use individualplates as needed. Use old drawings as packing...
Stage Scenery IdeasGetting the most out of materials- One approach to reduce lumber waste due to math errors,  buy 1x10 or...
Frame Carriage Step UnitsFrom Bill Raoul’s Stock SceneryConstruction Handbook.                          LDI Green Day 2011...
Flexible Steps for ReuseBased on “Flex-PitchEscape Stairs”, by KevinHines, Tech BriefCollection, vol. 2Steel framed treads...
Do you have a scenery rental option near you?If not try:                      www.readysetrecycle.com                     ...
Stage Scenery IdeasIf you need to use steel, bolt it together, don’t weld it,as much as possible. Or use Kee Clamp.Build t...
More Examples of Stock Scenery and re-use                            The 30’ long beams for Crucible                      ...
Stage Scenery & RecyclingRecycling Wood is becoming more and more common.Contact local & regional construction waste compa...
Build using Cardboard Scenery Techniques  A great cardboard scenery resource is on-line:http://cortecscenery.com/         ...
Check all the Materials & Products!Some putty mixes include naturally occurring arsenic-not good for you or the water tabl...
Ideas for Glues and AdhesivesPVA Glues (old fashion White and Yellow Glue) Polyvinyl acetate Water-based & non-toxicThe di...
Scenery-The Paint AreaRead the MSDS sheets and eliminate any product thatyou do not have appropriate PPEs to use.Save scra...
Is it Clean Yet?Adopt a less wasteful brush cleaning technique: Coming back to roller on more of that color? Wrap the roll...
One Paint Cleaning MethodFor more information go to: www.yorku.ca/tags                                 LDI Green Day 2011 ...
PropsHow organized is your storage? Half of the problemwith re-using items is finding them.The other half is storage enoug...
Stage & Facility LightingCount the watts - What lamps are in your stage fixtures? Could some units be   lamped down even i...
Stage & Facility LightingCan occupancy sensors be added to rooms so lights areonly turned on when the space is in use?Use ...
Don’t Forget Architectural and Task Lighting How many lobby, display, and house lighting units are in the space?  - Switch...
Get a Little Help From Your FriendsAsk the local electricity provider to do an energy audit of yourfacility.Check for reba...
Take It For A Test DriveResearch is usually an expectation for faculty members.Will a company partner with you by loaning ...
Costume & Wardrobe Ideas                         Eliminate the                          Chemicals!                 Deterge...
Costume & Wardrobe IdeasExplore natural dyes as an alternative to chemical dyes. Theywill not always be what you are looki...
Costume & Wardrobe IdeasTry to stay away from hair dye.Research all of the make-up you are using. Look at TheEnvironmental...
This is all just common sense….A common theme in these slides of ideas is “try”. Do  something, try something. Take the fi...
Being Greener     is notBlack and White
Production Needs: Safe On Budget                         Green On Time “Good”:            VS ◦ Entertaining ◦ Thought   Pr...
SafeOn BudgetOn Time“Good”:◦   Entertaining◦   Thought Provoking◦   Enlightening◦   ExcitingGreener
Top Down Mandates       Producers / Managers / CreativeSafe / On Budget / “Good” / Greener          Bottom Up Support     ...
Intro to sustainability intro
Intro to sustainability intro
Intro to sustainability intro
Intro to sustainability intro
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Intro to sustainability intro

  1. 1. Friday, October 28, 2011
  2. 2. Ellen E Jones, Assistant Professor, BemidjiState UniversityPaul Brunner, Technical Director, IndianaUniversity Theatre & DramaJames McKernan, Department of Theatre,York University
  3. 3. But First….A Quick Introduction to Global Warming Natural Resources Defense Council and used with permission
  4. 4. Climate Change: it’s reallygetting hotter - IPCC, 2007, www.worldclimate.com,“The Cost of Climate Change,” NRDC, May 2008
  5. 5. “Arctic ice could disappear almost completely in the latter part of the century”- IPCC, AR4
  6. 6. - “State of the Paper Industry,” Environmental Paper Network, 2007 September 16, 2004
  7. 7. #1 industrial consumer of fresh water on the planet #1 discharger of water pollutants #3 industrial generator of greenhouse gases Almost 50% of all industrial logging worldwide is caused by the paper industry…just to make paperIs That a Good Enough Reason to: Print Double Sided? Recycle your Paper Waste? Buy Paper w/ Recycled Content? …Small Efforts…Big Results…
  8. 8. The fierce urgency of now•If present trends continue, the total cost of global warming will beas high as 3.6% of gross domestic product (GDP).•Four global warming impacts alone — •hurricane damage •real estate losses •energy costs •water costs —will come with a price tag of 1.8% of U.S. GDP, or almost $1.9 trillion annually (in today’s dollars) by 2100. That’s why we must act immediately to reduce global warming emissions 80 percent by 2050 and take ourselves off the business-as-usual path. - “The Cost of Climate Change,” NRDC, May 2008
  9. 9. Defining our terms
  10. 10. What is greening? - examining business operations and supply chain to identify environmental liabilities and opportunities - a journey - enhancing efficiency What isn’t greening? - not just about carbon footprint - not a checklist - not about breaking the bank
  11. 11. Supply ChainManagement: A 360º view
  12. 12. Getting down to specifics www.nrdc.org/greeningadvisor
  13. 13. Source: California Energy Commission, 2005
  14. 14. ALUMINUM MANUFACTURING 18 Source: NRDC 2006
  15. 15. ALUMINUM MANUFACTURING RecycledAluminum uses93% less energy than virgin 19 Source: NRDC 2006
  16. 16. • Reduce environmental liabilities• Potential to save money by increasing efficiencies• Enhance brand reputation• Improve public relations; meet expectations of customers and clients• Boost employee morale by involving them in a positive social and environmental effort• Receive recognition from all stakeholders, including customers, shareholders, employees, and the media, for being at the forefront of social and environmental change• A major opportunity to do well by doing good
  17. 17. Intro to Sustainability:A Primer for the Newly Interested Thanks to Bob Usdin of Showman Fabricators, the Broadway Green Alliance, Barbizon, and everyone connected with LDI for making the Green Day track a reality. We presented a session last as part of Green Day 2010: Green at the University: Teaching Green by Being Green. Ellen and Paul wrote and article that appeared in the Spring 2011 edition of Theatre Design and Technology (TD&T). LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  18. 18. Intro to Sustainability:A Primer for the Newly Interested TD&T published Paul’s technical article in the fall of 2009 that discusses Wood Composites and their mechanical properties as they apply to stage scenery. Goal for Today to provide some tools and ideas to help you create a sustainability initiative that works for you and your organization! LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  19. 19. The Usual Suspects Paul Brunner – Technical Director & Head of Theatre Technology at Indiana University- Bloomington. Ellen E. Jones- Lighting & Scenic Designer & Scenic Artist. Assistant Professor & Head of Design at Bemidji State University until May 2012 when the theatre department is eliminated as part of retrenchment. James McKernan- Chair Sustainability Commission CITT, Assistant Professor of Theatre Production at York University, Toronto. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  20. 20. The DisclaimerThese are our opinions based on our experiences.Please, evaluate ideas and products on your own, to makefinal decisions that meet the needs of your organizationwithout exceeding the available resources.Do not use any product without reading all the instructionsfor use, handling, storage, and personal protection.Make sure you understand how to use and meet any safetyrequirements (like FR application, dust collection, andventilation requirements) when using new materials. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  21. 21. How Big Are Your Feet?No one wants to waste energy and mindlesslyrelease toxins into the environment or produce somuch garbage he or she needs a personal landfill.You can reduce your footprint on the environmentwithout saving all your trash and weighing it orbanning toilet paper from the restroom.The first step in sustainability is to examine yourpersonal or organizational impact on theenvironment. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  22. 22. Getting StartedDo not overreach with your first Green initiatives.Create a Mission Statement for your organizationStart small and simple. Making better choices in everyday materials and products What works for you is the best program. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  23. 23. Getting StartedDevelop a “Green” Culture: Determine what you can control. In some cases you can make changes, in other areas you may only be able to make suggestions. Change can make people nervous and inflexible. Seek allies within the production company or department and decide on reasonable goals. Reach out to other areas including the Safety Officer, Facilities Management, Craft Services, Administrative Support Staff and the Custodial Staff for ideas. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  24. 24. A New Reference Library Start reading books that look at ecological, safety, and industrial hygiene concerns. Protect people and the environment. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  25. 25. More Great Books LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  26. 26. “Back to Theatre Basics” Stock Scenery Principals Theatre IS a sustainable model. Modular construction (4ft multiples) Strike process & material reuse Theatre has reused scenic elements for decades. Stock platforms and other scenic elements represent a wonderful Sustainable model. Of course, strive to continuously improve these traditional theatre methods with materials & fasteners. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  27. 27. More Great Books LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  28. 28. Assess the OperationWalk through your shops, stage, offices, and lobbyand really look at the operations. It doesn’t takelong to not see the work environment. - Are all areas clean and organized? - Are garbage cans full of items that could be easily recycled? - Are there shelves of chemical solvents and cleaners, spray adhesives, and spray paint? - Are dozens of indicator lights winking at you in the dark after everyone else has gone home? - Are desks and tables covered with stacks of paper? Could any of that communication be handled using digital copies instead? - Are materials easy to reuse or is storage filled to overflowing so no one can find anything? LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  29. 29. Intersection of Safety and SustainabilityThis tour is a great time to assess some aspects ofthe safety of your facility as well. - Are MSDS books conspicuous and easy to find so workers can determine any dangers from products? - Is everything so crowded that your shops do not meet the physical requirements for NFPA codes or fire load capacity for the facility? - Are all areas adequately lit, but not over lit so energy is wasted when no one is using the space? - Sniff the air. Do you smell chemical fumes or solvents? Sneeze from the fabric or saw dust? LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  30. 30. Remember the BasicsMove away from paper forms- use cloud computingand fill-able forms that all can share.Print on both sides , don’t use colored paper. Make asign for duplex on and off.Use re-useable cutlery in the staff cafeteria.Use daylight as much as possible. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  31. 31. Not for the Faint of HeartEveryone knows to recycle programs. Some theatreshave gone to a video program in the lobby.Can the call board be replaced with a paper free dryerase board?Dishwasher in the prop kitchen? Buy mugs to sellcoffee for concessions, not paper cups. Or sell soda inbottles and refillable stainless steel bottles for the waterfountain.Sell only fruit with peels at intermission-no packagedgoodies. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  32. 32. The Not So Scary Ideas…Only print one full set of drawings and use individualplates as needed. Use old drawings as packing material.Use an internet drop box or a communication shell fordocuments that several people need to edit or read only.How about blogs for the design process?Do one poster for the season and one lobby display ofthe entire company.Buy LED flashlights and headlights to save onbatteries.Use re-chargeable batteries LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  33. 33. Stage Scenery IdeasGetting the most out of materials- One approach to reduce lumber waste due to math errors, buy 1x10 or 1x12 and rip it in-house for flats. Rip to 3” instead of 1x3’s real width to avoid fraction errors and resulting waste.**- Flat Frame Carriages (or Gates)- Instead of building solid-carriage step units that cannot be adjusted, use frame carriages that can be made into curved or straight runs. These can also be stored flat and made up with any number of steps.- Build to deconstruct. Glue is good, but build large units so they can be taken apart and elements reused again. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  34. 34. Frame Carriage Step UnitsFrom Bill Raoul’s Stock SceneryConstruction Handbook. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  35. 35. Flexible Steps for ReuseBased on “Flex-PitchEscape Stairs”, by KevinHines, Tech BriefCollection, vol. 2Steel framed treads bolt toside stringers.The stair unit pivots toadjust the height fromroughly 6ft to 8ft platformheight. The treads remainparallel with the floor. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  36. 36. Do you have a scenery rental option near you?If not try: www.readysetrecycle.com LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  37. 37. Stage Scenery IdeasIf you need to use steel, bolt it together, don’t weld it,as much as possible. Or use Kee Clamp.Build to maximize yield; make 8’ flats, not 7’.Re-skin old frames.Recycle all materials when done. Many metal scrapyards give you cash for your metal.If you can’t recycle your wood, burn the solid timberoff-cuts as fuel. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  38. 38. More Examples of Stock Scenery and re-use The 30’ long beams for Crucible were build to come apart in 8’ sections. They became vertical timbers in Man of La Mancha (base coat paint only) and the next season became an architectural soffit with a painted border in The Butcher Of Baraboo. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  39. 39. Stage Scenery & RecyclingRecycling Wood is becoming more and more common.Contact local & regional construction waste companiesand ask for alternatives to landfill disposal.It is often possible for wood waste to be processed intodecorative mulch (painted), or be sold to MunicipalIncinerators for energy.Local Habitat for Humanity may have use for wood LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  40. 40. Build using Cardboard Scenery Techniques A great cardboard scenery resource is on-line:http://cortecscenery.com/ LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  41. 41. Check all the Materials & Products!Some putty mixes include naturally occurring arsenic-not good for you or the water table.Check the toxic qualities of the pigments you use drypigments or liquid dyes.Just because the label says it is considered carcinogenicin CA, does not mean you are safe everywhere else.Most kinds of bronzing powders are consideredHazards Materials for shipping. Are you sure a water-based metallic paint won’t do for this project? LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  42. 42. Ideas for Glues and AdhesivesPVA Glues (old fashion White and Yellow Glue) Polyvinyl acetate Water-based & non-toxicThe difference between White and Yellow Glue is… 1) Color 2) Viscosity 3) the list ends hereAlternative to “Liquid Nails”PolySeamSeal “All Purpose” Low odor, non-toxic, water-based adhesive caulk (mastic) LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  43. 43. Scenery-The Paint AreaRead the MSDS sheets and eliminate any product thatyou do not have appropriate PPEs to use.Save scrap paint in 5 gallon buckets for back and basepainting on the next show.Eliminate any product that requires a solvent other thanwater and soap or uses propellants.Remember natural doesn’t mean harmless- anthrax isnatural. Orange oil and other natural cleaners can bejust as harmful as chemical cleaners. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  44. 44. Is it Clean Yet?Adopt a less wasteful brush cleaning technique: Coming back to roller on more of that color? Wrap the rollers in plastic and only clean when you are finished. Use a spin out for that cleaning session. Use one bucket of water for the first agitation of all brushes. Go to a second bucket of clean water with a little soap. Rinse again in clean water in a bucket. Reshape and hang to dry. Never wash brushes under continuously running water. Teach everyone how you want the brushes cleaned. http://www.yorku.ca/tags/Theatre_Artisan_Green_Skills/ Paint_Conservation.html LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  45. 45. One Paint Cleaning MethodFor more information go to: www.yorku.ca/tags LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  46. 46. PropsHow organized is your storage? Half of the problemwith re-using items is finding them.The other half is storage enough to keep them.Do you have a reciprocal rental/loan agreement withother theatres/schools near you?Perhaps you can digitize your inventory to save thetravel time and carbon.Offer them to community groups or schools if youcan’t keep them. Pay it forward. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  47. 47. Stage & Facility LightingCount the watts - What lamps are in your stage fixtures? Could some units be lamped down even if it means keeping different wattages of the same type lamps in stock? - Are rehearsals run under a full stage wash? Can you find an alternative that uses fewer units? - Turn off scenic lighting and switch to house lights when possible during tech. They use less electricity. - Put a cap on maximum wattage in the grid. - Don’t know how much electricity you are using: measure it. Put a meter in before the dimmers and track it. Or count the watts. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  48. 48. Stage & Facility LightingCan occupancy sensors be added to rooms so lights areonly turned on when the space is in use?Use Sine Wave DimmersGet the most out of conventional tungsten lights. Theyare not evil, nor are they going away in the near future.Clean them and use modern versions.Got a ghost light? - Good - put a compact fluorescent in it - Better – get an S-14 LED lamp from Earth LED. These LED lamps also fit in most courtesy step units.Are computers on switched power strips? * LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  49. 49. Don’t Forget Architectural and Task Lighting How many lobby, display, and house lighting units are in the space? - Switched units can take compact fluorescents or LED screw base lamps. - Even certain fluorescent fixtures can be replaced with other more efficient fluorescent units. - Earth LED makes a direct replacement, dimmable LED PAR with a screw base that really works. With our analog dimmers the dimmer curve on the board had to be rewritten. Once a digital command module was added to the racks, they dimmed using a standard profile. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  50. 50. Get a Little Help From Your FriendsAsk the local electricity provider to do an energy audit of yourfacility.Check for rebates on energy saving upgrades.Look for state grants earmarked to improve sustainability-Bemidji State University got a huge grant from the MN StatePollution Control Agency.Look for arts related and regional grants that can be used foroperating costs or educational programming. You may be able touse that money to make upgrades and then showcase them to thepublic. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  51. 51. Take It For A Test DriveResearch is usually an expectation for faculty members.Will a company partner with you by loaning LEDequipment for a show or season that allows you tomake a scientific study? Note- if you do this, actuallypublish the article.All products are beta tested in the field. Can yourcollege or university test equipment for a company?Have funding for capital expenditures? Contact dealersand vendors for recommendations and ask if you canhave a loaner for a show before buying. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  52. 52. Costume & Wardrobe Ideas Eliminate the Chemicals! Detergents are a relatively new invention. Switch from detergents and scented fabric softeners (note: chemical fragrances are one of the least regulated items on the consumer market). Wash laundry with soap nuts. Supplement with vinegar or baking soda and hydrogen peroxide as bleach if needed. These same products can be used to clean actor’s stations as well. LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  53. 53. Costume & Wardrobe IdeasExplore natural dyes as an alternative to chemical dyes. Theywill not always be what you are looking for but for the lesssaturated operations they work amazingly well.Choose natural Fabrics when possible, and avoid fabrics thatrequire dry-cleaning.Use thrift stores and more rental companies.*Alternative to chemicals: Instead of bleach use: vinegar, lemonjuice, hydrogen peroxide, oxygen, borax, washing soda, sodiumhydrosulfite (salt & water). * LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  54. 54. Costume & Wardrobe IdeasTry to stay away from hair dye.Research all of the make-up you are using. Look at TheEnvironmental Working Group/cosmetics as aresource.Use pump hairsprays.If you cannot get soap nuts at least use environmentallyresponsible detergent.Washing Machines & Dryers – Don’t skimp! High Quality front-loading machines & dryers will last longer and are most often higher efficiency LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  55. 55. This is all just common sense….A common theme in these slides of ideas is “try”. Do something, try something. Take the first step!Many of these initiatives we already do because they are cheaper or are quicker or just smarter….That is the point, all we are suggesting is you choose to save money, work smarter and quicker! LDI Green Day 2011 – Intro to Sustainability
  56. 56. Being Greener is notBlack and White
  57. 57. Production Needs: Safe On Budget Green On Time “Good”: VS ◦ Entertaining ◦ Thought Provoking ◦ Enlightening ◦ Exciting
  58. 58. SafeOn BudgetOn Time“Good”:◦ Entertaining◦ Thought Provoking◦ Enlightening◦ ExcitingGreener
  59. 59. Top Down Mandates Producers / Managers / CreativeSafe / On Budget / “Good” / Greener Bottom Up Support Technicians / Shops / Vendors

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