Women In Technology Day


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Women In Technology Day @ DERI, Galway, ireland.
Raising awareness on the gender gap in Technology: why we should care about it, which are the current causes and which have been the past ones.

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Women In Technology Day

  1. 1. Women in Technology Day @DERI Author: Leggieri Myriam [email_address]
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Gender Gap in Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inverted tendency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why is it a problem? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Successful Role-Models </li></ul><ul><li>Women in Technology Groups </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gender Gap in Technology – Inverted Tendency 1/2 Source: http://www2.cs.cmu.edu/~women/resources/aroundTheWeb/hostedPapers/Syllabus-Camp.pdf % Bachelor Degrees awarded in Science and Engineering to Women (National Centre for Education Statistics at the U.S. Dept. of Education)
  4. 4. Gender Gap in Technology – Inverted Tendency 2/2 <ul><li>% Female Tech Degree Recipients </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008: </li></ul><ul><li>% Female Computer Science Degree Recipients </li></ul><ul><li>In 1985: </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008: </li></ul>Source: http://ncwit.org/pdf/BytheNumbers09.pdf There was an interest that has decreased.
  5. 5. Gender Gap in Technology – Current causes 1/2 <ul><li>Different perspective view </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Females: impact of technology on other disciplines to help better society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Males: computers as a toy; no connection to a larger goal.(Margolis, J., Fisher, A., and Miller, F. 1999. Caring About Connections: Gender and Computing. IEEE Technology and Society.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>While Computer science courses: programming and data abstractions instead of societal contexts of technology </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gender Gap in Technology – Current causes 2/2 <ul><li>“ Geeks&quot; or &quot;Nerds&quot;: spend all time in front of a computer with no social interaction. </li></ul><ul><li>This perception is more detrimental to females than it is to males. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Females distaste with the idea of computers &quot;becoming their life&quot; </li></ul></ul>Source: http://www.cs.ubc.ca/wccce/program04/Papers/mark.html
  7. 7. Gender Gap in Technology – Past causes 1/2 <ul><li>Germany: to attend universities even as listener, women had to obtain the permission of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- the Minister of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- until 1908: the directors of the courses. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oxford - in the '30s: women chemists could attend general sessions, but not the clubs in which one discussed advanced research. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Gender Gap in Technology – Past causes 2/2 <ul><li>&quot;Equal pay for equal work&quot; was a delightful joke: per equal academic status, women earned half that of a male colleague. </li></ul><ul><li>The anti-nepotism laws: prevented universities from hiring the relatives of existing staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- applied to a crowd of women scientists and professors' wives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-> Maria Goeppert Mayer (Nobel prize; proposed the &quot;shell model of the atomic nucleus&quot;) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- waited till turning 53 to get a job (since her husband was a professor) while freely volunteering in important universities </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Why is it a problem? - Economic Development 1/3 <ul><li>Report's Global Gender Gap Index </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- how well countries are dividing resources and opportunities among males and females </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4 critical areas of Inequality: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Economic participation and opportunity – outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Educational attainment – outcomes on access to basic and higher level education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Political empowerment – outcomes on representation in decision-making structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Health and survival – outcomes on life expectancy and sex ratio </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Why is it a problem? - Economic Development 2/3 <ul><li>Report's Global Gender Gap Index: </li></ul><ul><li>2009 – First countries: Iceland, Finland, Norway, Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>2009 – Last countries: Italy, Greece, Czech Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland has improved its rank from the 8 th position in 2008 and 2009; to the 6 th position in 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>-> Gender Gap is inversely proportional to the Economic Development </li></ul>
  11. 11. Why is it a problem? - Economic Development 3/3 <ul><li>Companies employing at least 30% female executives perform better than all-male outfits. </li></ul><ul><li>Female managers are more likely than men to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- make collaborative decisions (“Choose a women ahead of the next Einstein”, Time), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- behave as role models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- consider the ethical consequences of their acts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- be focused on customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- work on planning, prioritizing and administering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- be focus on results </li></ul></ul>Studies: McKinsey & Co. , 2007 ; HCL's internal 360 Degree Feedback process Source: http://www.vineetnayar.com/women-leadership-yes-she-can/
  12. 12. Successful Role-Models <ul><li>Despite all this (then struggling even more): there have been role models (plus 10 Nobel prizes) in Scientific fields </li></ul>Gertrude Elion , Ada E. Yonath , Jean Sammet , Rosalyn Sussman Yalow , Shafi Goldwasser - informatica sviluppatrice dell'algoritmo Blum-Goldwasser per la crittografia asim , Annie Jump Cannon , Joan Robinson , Barbara McClintock , Gerty Radnitz Cori , Rozsa Pèter - fondatrice della teoria delle funzioni ricorsive. , Barbara Liskov , Elizabeth H- Blackburn e Carol W. Greider - Nobel per la Medicina nel 2009 per i loro studi svolti r , Chieng-Shiung , Grace Hopper , Kay McNulty, Betty Snyder, Marlyn Wescoff, Ruth Lichterman, Betty Jennings, and Fran Bilas - prime p , Marie Goeppert Mayer , Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin , Hedy Lamarr , Marie Curie -premio Nobel per la Medicina e per la Fisica. , Eva Tardos , Christiane Nusslein-Volhard , Rosalind Franklin , Ol'ga Aleksandrovna Ladyženskaja , Erna Scheider , Irène Joliot-Curie , Frances E. Allen , Elinor Ostrom - premio Nobel per l'Economia nel 2009 , Rita Levi Montalcini - premio Nobel per la Medicina per la scoperta dei fattori di crescita nello sv , Radia Perlman - uno dei maggiori specialisti mondiali nell'ambito del software design e dell'ingegne , Jeri Ellsworth - sviluppò un emulatore del Commodore 64 all'interno di un Joystick, nel 2004 , Karen Sparck Jones , Linda B. Buck , TU , Jocelyn Bell-Burner Only between 1900 and 2009:
  13. 13. Women in Technology Groups <ul><li>National Center for Women & Information Technology: http://ncwit.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Association for Women in Science: http://www.awis.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>IEEE Women in Engineering: http://www.ieee.org/membership_services/membership/women/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Girl Geek Dinners: http://girlgeekdinners.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>DevChix female programmers: http://www.devchix.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Debian Women: http://women.debian.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Ubuntu Women: http://www.ubuntu-women.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>LinuxChix women-oriented Linux community: http://www.linuxchix.org/ </li></ul>