THE FALL OF THE  ROMAN EMPIRE Contributing factors
POLITICAL <ul><li>Political office seen as burden, not reward </li></ul><ul><li>Military interference in politics  </li></...
SOCIAL <ul><li>Decline in interest in public affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Low confidence in empire </li></ul><ul><li>Disloyal...
ECONOMIC <ul><li>Poor harvests </li></ul><ul><li>Disruption of trade </li></ul><ul><li>No more war plunder </li></ul><ul><...
MILITARY <ul><li>Threat from northern European tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Low funds for defense </li></ul><ul><li>Problems r...
DIOCLETIAN <ul><li>Restored order in the empire and increased its strength </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He governed as an...
DIVISION OF ROME <ul><li>ROME </li></ul><ul><li>Between the two, which one included most of the empire’s wealth?  </li></u...
CONSTANTINE <ul><li>Diocletian retired in 305 AD and was succeeded by a young ambitious commander named  Constantine .  </...
CONSTANTINOPLE
<ul><li>Pressure from Huns, Invasion by Germanic tribes and by the Huns, Sack of Rome, and Conquest by Invaders were the i...
START OF THE MIDDLE AGES <ul><li>Eastern Half of the (fallen) Roman Empire would be known as the Byzantine until 1453 when...
ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>What is a monastery? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the word “secular” mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify th...
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The fall of the empire

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The fall of the empire

  1. 1. THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Contributing factors
  2. 2. POLITICAL <ul><li>Political office seen as burden, not reward </li></ul><ul><li>Military interference in politics </li></ul><ul><li>Civil war and unrest </li></ul><ul><li>Division of empire </li></ul><ul><li>Moving of capital to Byzantium </li></ul>
  3. 3. SOCIAL <ul><li>Decline in interest in public affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Low confidence in empire </li></ul><ul><li>Disloyalty, lack of patriotism, corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast between rich and poor </li></ul>
  4. 4. ECONOMIC <ul><li>Poor harvests </li></ul><ul><li>Disruption of trade </li></ul><ul><li>No more war plunder </li></ul><ul><li>Gold and silver drain </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation (drastic drop in the value of money coupled with a rise in prices) </li></ul><ul><li>Crushing tax burden </li></ul><ul><li>Widening gap between rich and poor, increasingly impoverished Western empire </li></ul>
  5. 5. MILITARY <ul><li>Threat from northern European tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Low funds for defense </li></ul><ul><li>Problems recruiting Roman citizens; recruiting of non-Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of patriotism and loyalty among soldiers </li></ul>
  6. 6. DIOCLETIAN <ul><li>Restored order in the empire and increased its strength </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He governed as an absolute ruler </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doubled the size of the Roman armies. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drafting of prisoners of war and hiring German mercenaries. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled inflation by setting fixed prices on certain goods. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ordered farmers to remain on their lands and ordered workers to stay in their jobs for life. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Viewed Christianity as a threat and passed decrees to persecute the Christians. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. DIVISION OF ROME <ul><li>ROME </li></ul><ul><li>Between the two, which one included most of the empire’s wealth? </li></ul>LATIN SPEAKING WEST GREEK SPEAKING EAST MAXIMIAN DIOCLETIAN
  8. 8. CONSTANTINE <ul><li>Diocletian retired in 305 AD and was succeeded by a young ambitious commander named Constantine . </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restored the concept of a single ruler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended the persecution of the Christians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved the Roman capital from Rome to Byzantium and the city was given a new name. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHAT WAS THAT NAME? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. CONSTANTINOPLE
  10. 10. <ul><li>Pressure from Huns, Invasion by Germanic tribes and by the Huns, Sack of Rome, and Conquest by Invaders were the immediate causes of the Roman Fall. </li></ul><ul><li>Last Emperor of Rome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A 14 year old named Romulus Augustulus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He was deposed by the German general Odoacer and sent into exile. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He practically had no powers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spain ( Visigoths ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North Africa ( Vandals ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gaul ( Franks, Burgundians, Visigoths ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Britannia ( Angles, Saxons ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Italy ( Ostrogoths ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. START OF THE MIDDLE AGES <ul><li>Eastern Half of the (fallen) Roman Empire would be known as the Byzantine until 1453 when it fell to the Ottoman Turks. </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Ages or medieval period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanned 500-1500 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The early part of the Middle Ages... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Money was scarce </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cities were abandoned as centers of administration </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>What is a monastery? </li></ul><ul><li>What does the word “secular” mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the Carolingian Dynasty. </li></ul><ul><li>Who was Charlemagne? Why was he important? </li></ul>

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